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Pacheco Maria 1496 - 1531
Žena poveljnika Juana Lopeza de Padilla. Ko je njen mož padel v bitki pri illalarju, je prevzel poveljstvo in pol leta uspešno branila Toledo pred kraljevimi enotami dokler ni bilo podpisamo premirje.

She was wife of the chief comunero Juan Lopez de Padilla. When her husband fell in the battle of Villalar, she took command in his name and successfully defended the city of
Toledo against the royalist forces until the arrangement of a peaceful surrender of the city six months later.

  
                 E - 1752


Pacovska Kveta 1928 -
Čehoslovaška slikarka je znana po svojih ilustracijah otroških knjig in tudi številnih samostojnih razstavah, brez katerih njenih ilustracij sploh ne bi bilo. Diplomirala je na Umetnostni akademiji v Pragi, kjer tudi  živi. Za svoje delo je prejela števiilne ugledne nagrade in priznanja.
Na znamki
CZ-2827 je njena ilustracija iz Pimpilim pampam.

She is widely known for her children's books, but behind this body of work lies an artistic practice (with more then 50 one-man exhibitions) without which these children's books never would have existed. She graduated from the Academy of Arts, Design and Architecture in Prague where she still lives and works. She has received a number of distinguished awards and recognitions. Between the years 1992 and 1993 she worked as a guest professor at Hochschule der Künste in Berlin and from 1995 to 1997 she realized a project of the garden in Chihiro Art Museum Azumino in Japan. In 1999 she was awarded a honourable doctorate from Kingston University, Great Britain.
On stamp
CZ-2827 is her ilustration from Pimpilim pampam.

    
        
CZ - 2827


Paderewska Helena  1856 - 16.1.1934
V času prve svetovne vojne in po njej je na Poljskem vladala velika revščina in pomanjkanje. Helena Padarewska je organizirala programe za pomoč potrebnim. Klicali so jo "velika duša". Pomagala je ranjenim in invalidom, brezdomcem, starim, sirotam na obeh straneh Atlantika. Ustanovila je poljski Beli križ. Helena je bila žena enega največjih osebnosti poljske zgodovine Ignacya Jana Padarewskega (1860-1941). Bil je skladatelj, pianist, politik, državnik in filantrop.

During the period of the First World War and immediately afterwards, Poles suffered great misery and want.  When it was very hard indeed to keep up one’s spirit there appeared this woman of extraordinary ability – Helena Paderewska.  She organized aid programs and lifted morale, and was given the name “Great Soul". She carried emergency aid to the wounded and the invalids; to displaced persons and the homeless; to the aged and the orphans on both sides of the Atlantic, and founded the Polish White Cross. She was wife of Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860–1941) one of the most important figures in Polish history (composer, pianist, politician, statesman, philanthropist).

 
               PL - 4097


PADURARU Angela 6.6.1938 - 26.7.1995
Moldavska ljudska pevka

Moldavian folk singer

  
                  MD - 845


PAHOMOVA Lyudmila 31.12.1946 - 17.5.1986
Ruska umetnostna drsalka je leta 1970 diplomirala na Državnem inštitutu za gledališke umetnosti. Drsanje je začela vaditi na stadionu Mladi Pionirji v Moskvi. Drsala je v parih z  Alexanderom Gorshkovom.  Leta 1970  sta kot prva sovjetska drsalca osvojila naslov svetovnega in evropskega prvaka. Skupaj sta med leti 1970 in 1976 osvojila šest zlatih medalj na evropskih in šest zlatih medalj na svetovnih prvenstvih. Leta 1976, ko sta osvojila svojo edino zlato olimpijsko medaljo, sta prenehala nastopati na tekmovanjih.

Russian figure skater skated in pairs with Alexanderom Gorshkovom. Together, between 1970 and 1976 they won six gold medals at the European and six gold medals at the world championships. In 1976, when they won their only olympic gold medal, they stopped play in competitions.

    

             RU - 1984


PALAU MARTI Montserrat 1916 - 17.1.2004

Born in Barcelona she began her studies in the School of Librarians of the Commonwealth of Catalonia in Barcelona.Later received her doctorate in ethnology from the University of the Sorbonne in Paris, becoming a renowned Africanist expert. She published numerous essays on Black Africa such as, Le Roi-Dieu ave Benin: South Togo, Dahomey, Nigeria occidentale, published in French in 1964.

Andorra-Spain-?2016


PALIKUQI Hibe 1927 - 1944
Albanska partizanka.
Na znamki
AL-2121 je tudi Gero Liri.

Albanian patriot.
On stamp
AL-2121 is also Gero Liri.

 

           AL - 2121


PALMER Lili 24.5.1914 - 27.1.1986
Že kot 10 letnica je nastopala v amaterskih gledališčih v Berlinu. Po študiju gledališke igre je pred nacisti leta 1932 pobegnila v Francijo. Tu se je naučila dovolj angleščine, da je lahko nastopala v v britanskih filmih. Skupaj s svojim prvim možem Rexom Harrisonon je leta 1945 odšla v Združene države Amerike kjer ja nastopala v gledaliških predstavah kot so na primer Thousand Days and Bell, Book and Candle, in v flmih: Cloak and Dagger (1946) in Body and Soul (1948). Leta 1954 se je vrnila v Evropo vendar je še vedno občasno nastopala v Hollywoodu.

The daughter of a German surgeon and an Austrian actress, She was ten years old when she began appearing in amateur theatricals in Berlin. She studied for a theater career with Ilka Gruning. Shortly after her professional bow in 1932, Palmer fled from Germany to escape the incoming Nazi government. She worked at Paris' Moulin Rouge, then learned English well enough to appear in British films from 1935 and on the London stage from 1938. In the company of her first husband, Rex Harrison, Palmer came to America in 1945, appearing in such stage productions as Anne of a Thousand Days and Bell, Book and Candle, and in such films as Cloak and Dagger (1946) and Body and Soul (1948). In 1952, she co-starred with Harrison in the film adaptation of the Broadway hit The Four Poster. Resettling in Europe in 1954, Palmer periodically returned to Hollywood for such projects as the well-circulated 1955 TV anthology The Lilli Palmer Theater.

    
                    D - 2143


PALOTIE Leena 16.6.1952 - 11.3.2010
Finska genetičarka je sodelovala pri prepoznavanju 15 genov za značilne finske bolezni vključno z arterijsko hipertenzijo, shizofrenijo, artrozo in multiplo sklerozo. Bila je ena vodilnih svetovnih strokovnjakov molekularne genetike. Leta 1977 je diplomirala na medicini. leta 1978 doktorirala. Objavila je več kot 500 raziskovalnih člankov, bila je mentorica več kot 70 doktorskih študentov.

She was a Finnish geneticist who contributed to the identification of 15 genes for Finnish heritage diseases, including arterial hypertension, schizophrenia, lactose intolerance, arthrosis and multiple sclerosis. She was considered one of the world's leading molecular geneticists. She received her license (Licentiate of Medicine) in 1976 and in 1978, presented her dissertation to graduate to Doctor of Medicine degree (higher research doctoral degree in Finland, resembling a PhD) from the University of Oulu. She published over 500 research articles and almost 80 invited articles, and mentored over 70 PhD students in her career.

    

                       FI - 2019


PaluCca Gret 8.1.1902 - 22.3.1993
Nemška plesalka, koreografinja in plesna učiteljica je znana po svojih solo točkah. Od 1914 do 1916 se je v Dresdnu učila plesa skupaj z Heinrichom Kröllerjem (nemški plesalec in koreograf). Spoznala je Mary Wigman in postala je ena prvih učenk. Leta 1925 je ustanovila svojo šolo plesa v Dresdnu. 

She was a German dancer and teacher. Shortly after birth, her family moved to San Francisco, returning with her mother to Dresden in 1909. There she received ballet lessons with Heinrich Kröller from 1914 to 1916. She saw Mary Wigman dance and became one of her first pupils. In 1925, Palucca founded the Palucca School of Dance in Dresden. Her students included Ruth Berghaus and Lotte Goslar. Palucca was famous for her solos.


  
       D - 2014


PANINGUAK‘ Kjærulff Maria 1980 -
Grenladska slikarka.

Greenlandic artist. Her art is created reflecting on modern Greenland. Her designs reflect, often despite inputs of realism, her inner states of mind and, therefore, express a naturalistic genre. This expressionalism also can be seen with the polar bear standing on a too small block of ice - showing concern about the global climate changes - which is clearly noted by us who live close to the Arctic. A concern the artist shares with the polar bear.

  

              Greenland - 551


Pankhurst Emmeline 4.7.1858 - 14.6.1928
Leta 1903 je Emmeline Goulden  Pankhurst  ustanovila Žensko socialno in politično zvezo (WSPU), katere cilj je bil borba za žensko volilno pravico. Članice zveze so se z zelo militantnimi nastopi  borile za svoje cilje, zato so bile velikokrat aretirane in zaprte. V času prve svetovne vojne so svoje delovanje prekinile. Emmeline, ki je po vojni kandidirala za parlament, je umrla kmalu potem, ko je bil sprejet zakon, ki je ženskam dal volilno pravico. Emmeline Pankhurst je napisala avtobiografijo My Own Story (1914), njena hčerka Sylvia pa The Life of Emmeline Pankhurst (1935).
Slika na znamki
GB-2423 je delo slikarke Georgine Agnes Brackenbury.
Na znamki Man-193 je s svojo materjo Sophio Jane Goulden.
Na znamki Faroe - 712 je tudi Clara Zetkin.

In 1903, Emmeline Goulden  Pankhurst  founded the Women's Social and Political Union (WSPU)  to agitate for voting rights for women. She was joined in the movement by two daughters:  Christabel Harriette Pankhurst (1880-1958) and Estelle Sylvia Pankhurst (1882-1960). The WSPU adopted increasingly militant tactics to draw attention to its cause, and its members (including the Pankhursts) were frequently arrested. When World War I started (1914), the Pankhursts called a halt to their suffrage campaign. After the war Emmeline died while running for Parliament as a Conservative, a few weeks after  the passage of the law that gave women full voting rights. Emmeline Pankhurst wrote an autobiography, My Own Story (1914), her daughter Sylvia wrote The Life of Emmeline Pankhurst (1935).
On stamp
 GB-2423 is her portrait made by Georgine Agnes Brackenbury.
On stamp Man-193
is with her mother Goulden Sophia Jane.
On stamp Faroe-712 is also Clara Zetkin.

 
                 
                GB -
485                          GB - 2423                      Jersey - 736                         Man - 193
  
         Faroe - 712
     


Panova Bianka 27.5.1970 -
Bolgarska ritmična gimnastičarka je leta 1985 osvojila svoj prvi naslov svetovne prvakinje s strakom. Med leti 1985 in 1989 je na svetovnih prvenstvih osvojila 9 zlatih, 2 srebrni in 1 bronasto medaljo, od tega na svetovnem prvenstvu leta 1987 5 zlatih v vseh disciplinah. Na OI 1988 je po hudi napaki v finalu osvojila 4 mesto.  

Panova won her first world title in 1985, tying for gold with ribbon. The following year, she shared the European all-around title and took two World Cup individual events outright. At the 1987 Worlds, she scored 40.00 in the all-around and 10 in each of the four event finals. An obvious favourite for the 1988 Olympic title, Panova faltered in the first round of the Games to finish fourth (she missed a risky throw at the end of her clubs exercise), despite another 40.00 total in the all-around final.

 
 
     BG - 3593


PANTIN Dorothy 28.6.1896 - 1985
Prva zdravnica na otoku Man.

The first woman doctor on island Man, first Medical Supervisor of the Jane Crookall Maternity Home.

  

         
Man - 1463


Papadaki Eleni 4.11.1903 - 22.12.1944
Grška igralka je bila najbolj znana v tridesetih in štiridesetih letih, ko je veljala za eno najboljših igralk. Legendarni igralki Marika Kotopouli in  Kyveli sta jo smatrali za njuno enakovredno naslednico. Med drugo svetovno vojno je imela afero s takratnim premierom Ioannisom Rallisom. Zato so jo le nekaj mesecev po osvoboditivi partizani zaprli in usmrtili.  

Not especially well known nowadays, during the thirties and the forties she was considered one of the finest actresses of the stage. Those who saw her perform all agree that her acting was unprecedented, and that there hasn't been anything like it since. Her great talent was acknowledged, despite her sharing with stage with some of the greatest Greek stage actors of all time, such as Paxinou, Manolidou, Veakis, Minotis, Alkaiou, Glinos. When the legendary actresses Marika Kotopouli and Kyveli first saw her perform, they saw in her their worthy successor. During the occupation of Greece in World War II she had an affair with collaborationist Prime Minister Ioannis Rallis. A few months after the liberation of Athens she was arrested by members of the Greek partisan army and was executed.


   

              GR - 1670


Papadat-Bengescu Hortensia 8.12.1876 - 5.3.1955
Romunska pisateljica iz obdobja med obema vojnama.

She is novelist of the Romanian interwar period.


  
           
 RO - 5563


PapPenheim Bertha 27.2.1859 - 28.5.1936
Avstrijska borka za ženske pravice se je rodila na Dunaju in v tem mestu preživela tudi svoje otroštvo. Kot dekle je bila huda histerična bolnica, a jo je Sigmund Freud uspešno pozdravil. Po ozdravitvi se je preselila v Frankfurt. Uveljavila se je kot borka za ženske pravice. Bila je ena najbolj znanih predstavnic ženskega gibanja med Judinjami in prva ter dolgoletna predsednica judovskega ženskega gibanja v Nemčiji. Ustanovila in vodila je dom za neporočena matere in njihove otroke. Zbirala je čipke in druge predmete iz blaga. Svojo zbirko je zapustila Muzeju uporabne umetnosti.

German activist for women's rights was born in Vienna, Austria, and after her father's death suffered from a psychosomatic paralysis, which was treated by the psychoanalyst Joseph Breuer. Sigmund Freud described her case in one of his most celebrated studies, in which she is identified as 'Anna O.' In 1888 she arrived as a healthy young woman in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, where her mother lived. Becoming involved in social work, her passion for social justice was aroused and she founded a national federation for Jewish women, the Juedischer Frauenbund. Pappenheim headed an orphanage for Jewish girls and founded a home for disturbed Jewish girls and unwed mothers. She fought the white slave trade and the selling of Jewish girls into prostitution. She traveled throughout Europe propagating her views.

 
           D - 203


Paraske Larin 27. 12.1833 - 3. 1.1904
Ena najpomembnejših ljudskih pesnic je lahko na pamet zrecetirala do 32.000 verzov. 

She was a central figure in Finnish folk poetry. The immense number of verses she could recite (over 32,000) made her one of the irreplaceable sources of Karelian culture. In fact, she is the single most important source of folk poetry in Finland. Paraske's poems include proverbs, lamentations and riddles. Her Finnish contemporaries (scientists and artists) drew enormous inspiration from her.

  
          FI -958


Pardo Bazan Emilia 16.9.1851 - 12.5.1921
Španska pisateljica rojena v Galiciji je s svojimi zgodbami in literarnimi kritikami najpomembnejša ženska pisateljica svoje dobe. Njen prvi roman Pascual López (1879) je preprosta vaja v fantaziji z dobrimi odlomki opisovanja romance. Njeno verjetno najboljše delo je Los pazos de Ulloa (1886), ki govori o zgodovini dekadentne aritokratske družine. 

This most famous of contemporary writers, was born in Galicia. Her novels, short stories and literary criticism made her the most important woman writer of her generation. The Critical Issue, her most famous work, became a polemical essay which discussed Zola and Naturalism, made French and Russian literary movements known in Spain and started an important literary controversy in which she championed the free will of the individual.

  
 
     E - 1966


PARELLA-FIVALLER Maria Dolores - 19.6.1855
Baronica iz Andora je bila žena barona Senaller i Gramenet, Guillem de Plandolit i d'Areny andorskega politika in industrialca, ki je bil v tistem času eden najbogatejših in najbolj vplivnih ljudi v kneževini. Baronica je postala znana zaradi svojega umora. Pehotni polkovnik Blas de Durana jo je umoril v Barceloni.

Baroness from Andora was wife of the baron of Senaller i Gramenet, Guillem de Plandolit i d'Areny. This Andorran politician and industrialist was at that time one of the richest and most powerful men of the Principality.  Her murder make the Baroness famous, she was murdered by Blas de Durana, an infantry colonel, in Barcelona.
 
   
Andorra-Spain - 434


PARIKA Minna
Ena najbolj znanih finskih oblikovalk čevljev. Njena zelo ženstvena obutev se prodaja v desetih državah. Na bloku FI-1970-1974 so še: Lundsten Juliasten, Parika Minna, Katola Sanna, Santanen Jasmin in Laitinen Anna.  

She is one of the top names among Finnish shoe designers. Her highly feminine footwear is now sold in ten countries, with the flagship store in Helsinki.  Minna Parikka’s red high heels can now also be seen on one of the stamps of the Fashion miniature sheet. They are accompanied by beautiful shoes by Julia Lundsten. On sheet FI-1970-1974 are also Lundsten Juliasten, Parika Minna, Katola Sanna, Santanen Jasmin and Laitinen Anna.  
             
                                                                         FI - 1973(1970-1974)


PARUN Vesna   10.4.1922 - 25.11.2010
Rodila se je na otoku Zlarin v revni družini. Osnovno šolo je obiskovala na otoku Visu. Pri 10 letih je objavila svojo prvo pesem. Diplomirala je leta 1904 v Splitu in se vpisala na študij romanistike na Filozofski fakulteti v Zagrebu. Med vojno je družina živela v Sesvete pri Zagrebu. Je ena izmed najbolj uglednih pesnic hrvaške književnosti iz druge polovice 20. stoletja. Znana je postala leta 1947 z zbirko pesmi Zore i vihori. Izdala je še več drugih pesmi oz. pesniških zbirk: Pjesme (1947), Crna maslina (1955), Ropstvo (1957), Ti i nikad (1959), Koral vračen moru  (1959) in mnoge druge. Njene pesmi so bile prevedene v številne jezike: poljski, ruski, češki, slovaški, bolgarski, slovenski, gruzijski ...

She was born on the island of Zlarin in a poor family. She attended primary school on the island of Vis. At 10 years she published her first poem. She graduated in 1904 in Split and have studied Romance languages at the University of Zagreb. During the war, the family lived in Sesvete near Zagreb. She is one of the most prominent poets of Croatian literature from the second half of the 20th century. She became known in 1947 with a collection of poems Zore i vihori. She has several other songs or. collections of poetry: Pjesme (Songs,1947), Crna maslina (Black Olive,1955), Ropstvo (Enslavement, 1957), Ti i Nikad (You and Never,1959), Koral vračen moru (Koral Returned to the Sea, 1959) and many others. Her poems have been translated into many languages: Polish, Russian, Czech, Slovak, Bulgarian, Slovenian, Georgian ...

    
              HR - 1030


Paskaleva Katja 18.9.1945 - 25.7.2002
Bolgarska igralka najbolj znana po vlogi v filmu Kozji rog (1972).
Na znamki BG-4189  je tudi Nevena Kokanova.

She was a Bulgarian actress, most famous for her role in Koziyat rog (1972). Katya studied at VITIS "Krastyo Sarafov", where Matodi Andonov taught her acting. She graduated in 1967.
On stamp
BG-4189 is also Nevena Kokanova.

 
       
BG - 4189


Paševa Ganka - Bojka 1921 - 1944
Bolgarska partizanka.

Bulgarian partisan.

 
     
      BG - 3646


Paškilova TODOROVA Ivanka
Bolgarska partizanka.
Na znamki BG-2410 je tudi Mirčeva Minčeva Detelina.

Bulgarian partisan.
On stamp BG-2410 is also Mirčeva Minčeva Detelina.

 
    
             BG - 2410


 

PaTa Tetyana 8.2.1884 - 7.12.1976
Ukrajinska slikarka je vidnejši predstavnik ukrajinske dekorativni ljudske umetnosti iz kraja Petrykivka, kjer se je ona tudi rodila. Svoj talent je odkrila že v mladosti. Denar si je služila s slikanjem čudovitega cvetja in bitij na papir. Ni imela nobene formalne likovne vzgoje. Njene stilizirane rože, sadje in rastline so svet zelo drugačen od našega, to je svet poln čudovite energije.


Tetyana Pata, one of the outstanding representatives of the Petrykivka decorative style of painting (ukrainian decorative folk art), was born in Petrykivka itself. She discovered her talent at an early age but life did not treat her kind. She had to practice her art to earn money rather than to just decorate her house, with pure joy being the sole motivation. She painted on paper and sold her paintings with fabulous flowers and creatures. The life of other folk artists, such as Kateryna Bilokur or Mariya Pryimachenko was not easy either. Tetyana Pata did not have any formal art education. She did not have to learn the rules of composition or of colouring - she had the knowledge of all these things herself, she was born with them. Pata’s stylized flowers and fruit and all kinds of plants create a world very different from our own, and it is a world full of wonderful energy.

         
                     
                                         UA - 390-391


Patricia Gracia
glej Grace Kelly.

See Grace Kelly
.


PATTI Adelina 10.2.1843 - 27.9.1919
Italijansko-francosko operna pevka 19. stoletja je bila zelo dobro plačana na vrhuncu kariere v glasbenih prestolnicah Evrope in Amerike. Najprej je pela v javnosti še kot otrok leta 1851. Zadnjič pa je nastopila pred občinstvom leta 1914. Bila je ena izmed najbolj znanih sopranov v zgodovini, znana po čistosti in lepoti svojega liričnega glasu in kakovost svoje bel canto tehnike.

She was an Italian-French 19th-century opera singer, earning huge fees at the height of her career in the music capitals of Europe and America. She first sang in public as a child in 1851, and gave her last performance before an audience in 1914. She is one of the most famous sopranos in history, owing to the purity and beauty of her lyrical voice and the unmatched quality of her bel canto technique.

 

                    MC - 3260


Pavličenko Mihailovna Ludmila 12.7.1916 - 1974
Junakinja Sovjetske zveze, odlikovana z ordenom Zlata zvezda, ostrostrelka, rekorderka. Ubila je največ nemških vojakov med sovjetskimi ostrostrelkami - 309.

Hero of the Soviet Union, female sniper, she killed 309 german soilders.

   
      SU - 4485


Pavlova Ana 12.2.1881 - 23.1.1931
Ruska balerina, najbolj znana baletna plesalka svojega časa. Rodila se je v St. Petersburgu. Pri osmih letih je niso hoteli vzeti v cesarsko baletno šolo, ker je bila premajhna za svojo starost. Svetovali so ji, naj se spet oglasi čez dve leti, ko je bila sprejeta. Že aprila 1891 je prvič zaplesala v javnosti. Poučevali so jo nekateri najimenitnejši plesni učitelji tistega časa in velika balerina Ekaterina Vazem. S šestnajstimi leti je diplomirala in se pridružila cesarskemu baletu, bila je varovanka maestra Mariusa Petipa. Hitro je napredovala. Leta 1902 je postala druga solistka, leta 1905 premiere danseuse in leta 1906 primabalerina. K zadnjemu je največ prispeval odmeven nastop v baletu Giselle. Pavlova je za vedno spremenila ideal balerine. V devetdesetih letih devetnajstega stoletja so ruske balerine morale obvladovati predvsem tehniko, kar pa je pomenilo da so imele močno mišičasto telo. Pavlova pa je bila prav nasprotno, drobna, nežna in lahkotna, kot ustvarjena za romantične vloge. V Parizu je plesala v Ballets Russe, ki ga je ustanovil ruski impresarij Sergej Djagilev. Skupaj z možem Victorjem Dandrejem sta ustanovila sovjo baletno skupino in z njo osvojila svet. Njen najbolj znameniti solistični nastop je bila Umirajoči labod - koreografija na glasbo Saint-Saensovega Živalskega karnevala.


Anna Pavlova, was one of the world's best-known ballerinas. Pavlova's parents were poor, and she was a frail and sickly child. From an early age, however, she was determined to become a ballerina and entered the Imperial Ballet School of Saint Petersburg in 1892. By the time of her graduation in 1899 she was recognized by teachers and critics as a phenomenally gifted dancer and was accepted immediately by the Imperial Ballet. From dancing solo roles in her first years, she graduated in 1903 to the title role in Giselle and achieved ballerina status in 1906. Although she was as much at home in character parts as she was in the parts of nymphs and spirits, Pavlova excelled in those roles requiring virtuoso technique and beautiful line. She first performed The Dying Swan, a solo choreographed for her by Mikhail Fokine, in 1907, and it became her signature piece for the rest of her life. Pavlova toured outside Russia beginning in 1908, sometimes on her own and occasionally appearing with the Ballets Russes de Serge Diaghilev. In 1912 she moved to London where she organized her own dance company and toured throughout the world during the next decade. As a result of these extensive tours, managed by her husband, Victor Dandre, she became the most famous and the wealthiest dancer of her time.

   
        
MC - 1554


Pavlović-Barili Milena 5.11.1909 - 6.3.1945
Srbska slikarka je šudirala v Beogradu in Munchnu. Od 1930 je stalno živela v tujini, od 1939 v ZDA. Poleg R. Živanoviča je edini predstavnik nadrealizma v srbskem slikarstvu. Njen kolorit je nežen, liki stilizirani, postavljeni v nerealen prostor, v katerem se pogosto pojavljajo elementi antične arhitekture.

She acquired painting education in the Art School of Belgrade first (1922 - 1926) and later continued with her painting studies in Munich. The most important part of Milena’s artistic opus was created outside the borders of Yugoslavia which Milena left in 1930. For almost the whole decade she was, by her life and work, connected with West European art metropolises - London, Paris, Rome - where her friends, with whom she was exhibiting her works, were the most outstanding representatives of European artistic avant - garde. On the very eve of World War II, in August 1939, Milena left for New York where she remained till her death, in 1945. On the last February day in 1931, Milena opened her first independent exhibition in London (Bloomsbury Gallery) where she exhibited a great number of watercolors, pastels and a few temperas. She appears for the first time on the Paris artistic scene in 1932, in Galerie Jeune Europe. Her magical and unusual will definitely get its form in Italy, in 1932, where Milena’s exhibition in Galleria d’Arte di Roma was estimated as an event which heated the pens of the most eminent critics of the cities of the Tiber and the Seine. Milena’s presence in the Italian capital left traces in her poetical biography as well. On December 30th, in 1934, the Italian magazine Quadrivio published for the first time Milena’s five poems with a short introductory comment. The period from 1935 till 1937 was marked by the works which turn to “metaphysical”, i.e. “renaissance” pattern. Those works were displayed on the exhibition in the Roman Galleria della Cometa in 1937. Milena’s second independent exhibition in Paris (1938), in Galerie Quatre Chemins, made a real sensation and got brilliant marks from severe and choosy critics. After a great success in Europe, Milena continues her artistic career in America. Her exhibitions in New York and Washington, in 1940 and 1943 attract the attention of critics and public.
Motif on the stamp
RS-297: Self - portrait with a veil

         
            YU - 1713                     YU -
2604                  RS - 297


Pavoni Verena 1965 -
Švicarska ilustratorka.

Swiss ilustrator.


                                   CH - 1703/5


Paxinou Katina  1900 - 22.2.1973
Grška filmska in gledališka igralka, filmi: For whom the bell tolls (1943), Confidential report (1955), Rocco e i suoi fratelli (1960).

Internationally recognized Greek actress known for her tragic roles in both modern and classic drama. With her second husband, the Greek actor-producer Alexis Minotis, she produced revivals of classic plays in ancient outdoor Greek theatres and translated modern plays into Greek.

 
              GR - 1674


PEARSON Josie 3.1.1986 -
Angleška paraolimpijka igralka rugbyja na invalidskih vozičkih. NA OI v Londonu 2012 je osvojila zlato medaljo v metu diska v kategoriji F51/52/53.

She  is a English Paralympian wheelchair rugby player and athlete. In Summer Paralympics 2012 in LOndon she won gold medal in the women's discus throw - F51/52/53.

    
                               GB -3358


PEDINI Maria Lea 15.7.1954 -
Skupaj z Gastonom Pasolini je služila kot kapitan regent San Marina od 1. aprila 1981 do 1. oktobra 1981. Bila je prva ženska vodja države San Marino in pri starosti 26 ena najmlajših. Kasneje je službovala kot direktorica na ministrstvu vlade za zunanje zadeve. Bila je nerezident veleposlanik v ministrstvu za Francijo, Dansko, Švedsko, Norveško in Madžarsko. Kapitana regenta (Capitani reggenti) vodita Republika San Marino in ju volijo vsakih šest mesecev.

She served with Gastone Pasolini as a Captain Regent of San Marino from April 1, 1981 to October 1, 1981. She was the first female head of state of San Marino, and at age 26 one of the youngest. She later served as Director in the Ministry of Government and Foreign Affairs, and has been non-resident Ambassador in the Ministry to France, Denmark, Sweden, Norway and Hungary. The Captains Regent (Capitani reggenti) are the two heads of state of the Republic of San Marino elected every six months. 

SM - 2657


PEETERS Clara 1594 - 1639
Edina ženska slikarka v zgodovini flamskega slikarstva in ena od začetnikov tihožitja.
Na znamki
B-3437: Tihožitje z ostrigami, sadjem in pecivom.

She is the only female painter in the history of Flemish art, she is one of the pioneers of the the still lifes.
On stamp
B-3437: Still life with oysters, fruit and pastry.


 
              B - 3437


PEJAČEVIĆ Dora 10.9.1885 - 5.3.1923
Hrvaška skladateljica pripada generaciji hrvaških skladateljev, ki so oblikovale sodobno obdobje hrvaške glasbe. Študirala glasbo v Dresdnu in Münchnu.

Croatian woman composer belongs to the generation of Croatian composers who shaped the modern period in Croatian music. She studied music in Dresden and Munich.

    
             HR - 1128


PEKSOVA Ewelina 1923 -
Poljska slikarka
Na znamki PL-2657 je njena slika na steklu: Sveta družina.

Polish painter.

PL - 2657


PELLETIER Maria Euphrasia sv. (st.) 31.7.1796 -24.4.1868
Francoska nuna se je rodila v času francoske revolucije. Študirala je na Toursu kjer je vstopila v meniški red Refuge of Our Lady of Charity, ki se je posvečal reševanju "padlih" žensk.  Prevzela je rodovniško ime Marie-Euphrasie. Leta 1825 je v Toursu ustanovila versko skupnost Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd in leta 1829 svoj samostan v Angersu. Sestre verske skupnosti delujejo v številnih državah (Italija, Nemčija, Belgija, Nizozemska, Kanada, ZDA, Indija ...). Ko je umrla je njen red imel že več kot 2.000 sestra v več kot 100 samostanih na petih kontinentih. 2.5.1940 jo je papež Pij XII razglasil za svetnico.


She was born during the French Revolution and studied at Tours. Joined the Refuge of Our Lady of Charity at Tours, an order devoted to rescuing "fallen" women and those in danger of going on the game. She took the name Marie-Euphrasie, and made her religious profession. She founded of The Congregation of Our Lady of Charity of the Good Shepherd (Good Shepherd Sisters) at Tours in 1825. In 1829 she established their monastery at Angers. The Congregation has sisters working in many countries (Italy, germany, Belgium, Holland, Canada, USA, India...)  By the end of her life, there were over 2,000 sister established in 100+ houses on five continents during her life. She was canonized 2.5.1940 by Pope Pius XII.

  
                
MT - 977


PENDLETON Victoria 24 .9.1980 -
Britanska kolesarka specialistka za sprint in "keirin" dvoransko disciplino (kolesarji sledijo motorju) je na olimpijskih igrah 2012 v Londonu osvojila zlato medaljo v disciplini "keirin" in srebro v sprintu.

She is a British former track cyclist who specialised in the sprint, team sprint and keirin disciplines. Pendleton represented Great Britain and England in international competition, winning nine world titles including a record six in the individual sprint competition. Pendleton is the reigning World champion for the sprint, and a former Olympic, European and Commonwealth champion. In 2012 she won the gold medal in the keirin at the 2012 Summer Olympics, as well as silver in the sprint.

    
                                     GB - 3301


PENES Mihaela 22.7.1947 -
Romunska športnica je na OI 1964 v Tokiu osvojila zlato medaljo v metanju kopja, na OI 1968 v Mexico Cityi pa srebrno medaljo.

Mihaela Peneş is a former track and field athlete from Romania, who competed mainly in the javelin throw. She competed for Romania at the 1964 Summer Olympics held in Tokyo, Japan in the javelin, where she won the gold medal ahead of Hungary's Márta Rudas. Four years later in the 1968 Summer Olympics in Mexico City Hungary got revenge when Angéla Németh won the gold medal ahead of Penes' silver.

  
              RO - 2352                     RO - 2360


PERELI Zsazsa 8.7.1947 -
Madžarska slikarka: Aequilibrium.

Hungarian painter: Aequilibrium.

 

          H - 5120


PEŠICOVA Jaroslava 30.12.1935 - 30.8.2015

She was a Czech painter, graphic artist and illustrator. In 1950-1954, she studied illustration with Professor Karel Miller at the College of Applied Arts in Prague (today’s Art School of Václav Hollar). In 1960, she graduated from the Academy of Fine Arts, where she studied monumental painting with Professor Vladimír Sychra. From 1960, she worked with sculptor František Štork whom she later married. They were both members of the Etapa group of young Czech artists in the 1960s. Her main point of interest from the late 1960s were figures and graphic art. From 1975, she worked with Marie Teinitzer’s tapestry studio in Jindřichův Hradec on woven reproductions of her paintings. From 1990, she was a member of the association of Czech graphic artists “Hollar”. On stamp: WINNER.

CZ - ?2018


Pesjakova Lujza 12.6.1828 - 31.3.1898
Slovenska pesnica in pisateljica. K njeni izobrazbi sta veliko pripomogla Prešeren, ki je služboval pri njenem očetu B. Crobathu, in Peter Petruzzi. Najprej je pisala nemške pesmi pod vtisom Prešernove poezije. Po 1860 se je pridružila slov. narodnemu gibanju in začela pesniti v slovenščini. Pisala je pesmi, tudi otroške pesmi, napisala je nekaj krajših pripovednih del. Za  čitalniške besede je pisala prologe ter priredila ali napisala nekaj dramskih besedil (Struo, Svitoslav Zajček, Na Koprivniku). Napisala je libreto za opero Gorenjski slavček. V nemščino je prevajala slov. pesmi, zlasti Prešernove.

Lujza Pesjakova first Slovenian women writer and poet. First she wrote in Germany language.Slovenian greatest poet Preseren persuated her to write in Slovene language. She wrote poems, stories, poems for children, articles for reviews. She translated Slovenian poems in Germany language.

 
             YU - 1442


PETERSSON Sussanna Helena 1864 - 1916
Rodila se je v Kirkjubøur na otoku Streymoy. Kot mlado dekle je odšla na Danskem, kjer se je izobrazila in delala tajnica v Kopenhagnu. Tam je napisala prvo fersko igro, komedijo Veðurføst (1889). Napisala je nekaj pesmi, dve avtobiografski kratki zgodbi. Pisala je članke v časopisih "Føringatíðindi" in "Fuglaframi". Leta 1904 se je Helena preselila nazaj na Ferske otoke in ustanovila časopis "Oyggjarnar" (Otoki) katerega prva izdaja je bila 18. aprila 1905. "Oyggjarnar" je bil napisan v ferščini, da so bralci brali lahko v svojem jeziku. V časopisu je med drugim pisala o pravicah žensk, njihovem izobraževanju in dostopu do delovnih mest. Poudarjala je vlogo žensk v narodnem prebujanju. Zaradi pomanjkanja podpore in slabega zdravja Helene je časopis leta 1908 prenehal izhajati. 

She was born in Kirkjubøur on Streymoy. She went to Denmark as a young girl to get an education, and worked after that as a legal secretary in Copenhagen. While in Copenhagen, she wrote the first Faroese play, a comedy called Veðurføst (1889), wrote some poems, two autobiographical short stories as well as articles in the newspapers “Føringatíðindi” and “Fuglaframi”. In 1904 Helena moved back to the Faroe Islands and started the newspaper “Oyggjarnar” (The Islands). The first issue came on the 18th of April 1905. “Oyggjarnar” was written in Faroese and the main purpose was to provide Faroese material to the readers. The paper wrote, among other things, about women’s rights, women’s jobs and education, and emphasized the woman’s role in the national awakening. Other themes in “Oyggjarnar” were the importance of home decoration, health, fashion and misc. needlework. Because of lack of support and Helena’s deteriorating health, the paper stopped in 1908.

  
        Faroe - 641


PELENDRITOU Karolina 25.8.1986 -
Grška plavalka jan osvojila zlato medaljo v plavanju 100 m prsno OI 2004 Atene.

Greek swimmer won gold medal on OG 2004 Athene - 100 m breaststroke.

   
           CY - 1053


Petit Gabrielle 1893 - 1.4.1916
Med prvo svetovno vojno je služila v zdravstveni službi belgijskega Rdečega križa. Pridružila se je angleški obveščevalni službi in postala vohunka. Zbirala je informacije o gibanju nemških enot in njihovih železniških zvez. Raznašala je tajen časopis La libre Belgique in ilegalno pošto Mot du Soldat.  Več mladim ljudem je pomagala pri prečkanju nizozemske meje. Leta 1916 jo je eden od teh izdal, Nemci so jo aretirali. In februarja 1916 obsodili na smrt in ustrelili. Šele po vojni, ko je njena zgodba postala znana, je postala nacionalna junakinja. Posmrtno je bila odlikovali z več medaljami in častnimi naslovi. Je le ena enajstih žensk, ki so jih Nemci v času 1. svetovne vojne obsodili na smrt in ustrelili .


During WW I she served in medical service of the Belgian Red Cross. She joined the English Secret sevice and became a spy. She collected information about the movements of the German troops and their railway communications. She was also active as a distributor for the clandestine newspaper La libre Belgique and the underground mail service Mot du Soldat and helped several young men crossing the Dutch border. She was betrayed by a so called Dutchman and arrested by the Germans in February 1916. She was sentenced to death and shooted. Only after the war - when her story became widely known - Gabrielle Petit became a martyr and a national heroine. Post mortem she was granted several medals and honorary titles. She is one of only eleven women to be executed by the Germans.

 
      
B - 3287


PETKEVIČAITE - BITE Gabriele 18.3.1861 - 14.6.1943
Litovska pisateljica in aktivistka se je izobraževala doma pri zasebnih mentorjih. Z očetom je delala v lekarni in zasebno poučevala litovščino. Okoli leta 1890 je začeti s pisateljsko kariero. Bila je ena izmed organizatorjev in predsednica prvega kongresa litovskih žensk leta 1907 in soustanoviteljica Društva litvanska ženska leta 1908. Leta 1925 je objavila svoj dnevnik, ki ga je pisala v času prve svetovne vojne. Glavna tema njenega pisanja je družbena neenakost. S svojimi patriotskimi knjigami je dvigovala nacionalno zavest.

She was a Lithuanian writer and activist. Her pen name Bitė (Bee) eventually became part of her last name. She received education at home from private tutors. She worked with her father in a pharmacy and privately tutored in Lithuanian, violating the Lithuanian press ban. Around 1890 she start a writing career. She was one of the organizers and chairwoman of the first Congress of Lithuanian Women in 1907 and co-founder of Lithuanian Women's Association in 1908. After her father's death in 1909 she lived in Vilnius and worked as editorial staff of Lietuvos žinios.During the World war I she kept a diary, which was published in 1925 and 1933. In 1920 she was elected to the Constituent Assembly of Lithuania and, as the oldest member of the assembly, presided over its first session before a chairman was elected. Her writing centered on social inequality. Her patriotic books, including two-part novel Ad astra (1933), depicted rise of national consciousness.
      
             LT - 1057                         LT - 129


Petrović Nadežda 11.10.1873 - 4.4.1915
Srbska slikarka je začetnica razvoja novega srbskega slikarstva. Razvila družbeno življenje, organizirala prve umetniške razstave in društva, pisala je kritike o evropski umetnosti, razstavljala v tujini in doma, dopisovala je v mnoge časopise. V Parizu se je navduševala nad Matisom.  Po nekih podrobnostih je enakovredna evropskim sodobnikom.

Nadezda Petrovic  is pioneer of modern painting in Jugoslavia. She was active in patriotic society of the time, she organized first Jugoslav art exhibitions, she was correpondent for many Serbian and Slovenian journals. She founded Serbian Art Society ans Jugoslav society "Lada". 

            
                  YU -
1523                          YU - 2863


Petrusenko Oksana 1900 - 1940
Znana ukrajinska operna in koncertna pevka - sopranistka. Od leta 1939 narodna umetnica Ukrajine. Pela je v različnih opernih hišah, od leta 1934 je bila članica Ukrajinske opere in baleta.

Famous ukrainan opera and concert singer - soprano.

  
       UA -
365


PETTERSEN Britt 24.11.1961 -
Norveška smučarska tekačica je tekmovala v 80. tih letih 20. stoletja. Na OI 1984 je osvojila zlato medaljo v štafetnem teku 4 x 5 km in bronasto medaljo na 10 km. Na OI 1980 pa bronasto medaljo v štafeti 4 x 5. Na svetovnih prvenstvih v nordijskih disciplinah je osvojila eno zlato medaljo(1982: štafeta 4x5 km), eno srebrno (1985: 20 km) in dve bronasti (1982: 5 km, 1987: 10 km). V svetovnem pokalu v nordijskih disciplinah je bila dvakrat druga in dvakrat tretja.
Na znamki N-1030 je norveška ekipa, ki je na OI 1984 v Sarajevu osvojila zlato medaljo v štafeti 4 x 5 km: Pettersen Brit, Berit Aunli, Helene Inger Nybraten in Anne Jahren.

Brit Pettersen is a former Norwegian Cross-country skier who competed during the 1980's. Petterson earned one gold medal in OG 1984 - 4x5 km relay and two bronzes (OG 1984 10km and OG 1980 4x5 km relay). At the Nordic skiing World Championships, she won one gold (4x5 km relay - 1982), one silver (20km - 1985), and two bronzes (5km - 1982, 10km - 1987). She also won the 20km competition at the Holmenkollen ski festival twice (1983, 1987). In the Cross-country skiing World Cup, she finished second twice (1981/82, 1982/83) and third twice (1984/85, 1985/86).
On stamp N-1030 is winnig team from OG 1984: Pettersen Brit, Berit Aunli, Helene Inger Nybraten and Anne Jahren.

 
           N - 1030


PetursdoTtir Ragnhildur 1880 - 1961

  
       
 IS - 725


PEVEC Veselka 19.7.1965 -
Slovenska paraolimpijka in strelka je rojena na Hrvaškem. Na paraolimpijskih igrah v Riu leta 2016 je z zračno puško stoje v disciplini R4 osvojila zlato paraolimpijsko medaljo.

Slovenian paralympic and the shooter was born in Croatia. At the Paralympic Games in Rio in 2016 she won gold medal with air rifle standing in the discipline R4.

  
            
SI - 1235


Peza Mine  1875 - 1942
Albanska partizanka.
Na znamki
AL-2090 je tudi Zoja Cure.

Albanian partisan.
On stamp
AL-2090 is also Zoja Cure.

 
            AL - 2090


Pfeffer Anna 31.8.1945 -
Madžarska športnica je skupaj z Rajnal Klar na OI 1976 v Montrealu v kajaku K-2 na 500 m osvojila srebrno medaljo. Na OI 1968 v Mexico City pa je skupaj s Katalin Rozsnyói osvojila srebrno medaljo v isti disciplini. Na OI 1972 v Münchenu pa je osvojila bronasto medaljo v kajaku enojcu K-1 na 500 m.

She won silver medal in 1976 OG in Montreal in kayak pairs (k-2 500 m), together with Rajnal Klara. She also won silver medal on OG 1968 in Mexico City (K-2 500 m) and bronze medal on OG 1972 in München (K-1 500 m).

 
                    H - 3165


PFLUG Eva 12.6.1929 - 5.8.2008
Nemška igralka je postala znana z nastopom v kultni seriji Vesoljska patrola - fantastične prigode na vesoljski ladji Orion. Tam je igrala agentko Tamaro Jagellovsk. Na znamki je prizor iz serije. Svojo igralsko kariero je začela leta 1947 v rojstnem Leipzigu.

German actress played agent Tamara Jagellovsk in the cult series "Raumpatrouille - The fantastic adventures of the space ship Orion" (on stamp D-3260). She started her stage run in 1947 in her hometown Leipzig.

  

                 D - 3260


Philpsson Lena 19.1.1966 -
Švedska pevka, znana tudi kot Lena Ph je avtorica pesmi in medijska osebnost. Na evrovizijskem tekmovanju leta 2004 je zastopala Švedsko in zasedla peto mesto.

Maria Magdalena "Lena" Philipsson (also known as Lena Ph) is a Swedish singer, songwriter and media personality. She represented Sweden in the 2004 Eurovision Song Contest, finishing fifth.

  
         
 S - 1685


PIDHRUSHNA Olena  9.1.1987 -
Ukrajinska biatlonka je skupaj z Juliyo Dzhyma, Valj Semerenko in Vito Semerenko osvojila zlato medaljo v štafeti 4 x 6 km na OI 2014 v Sočiju.

An Ukrainian biathlete Together with Juliya Dzhyma, Valj Semerenko and Vita Semerenko she won the gold medal in the Women's relay 4 x 6 km at the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi.

    

                  UA - 1412


Piaf Edith 19.12.1915 - 11.10.1963
Francoska pevka s pravim imenom Edith Giovanna Gassion je pela s prepoznavnim in značilnim hripavim in čustvenim glasom. Od svojega 15. leta je pela po ulicah. Tu je dobila umetniško ime Piaf - slavček. Okoli 1930 je začela peti po nočnih klubih. Nastopala je po gledališčih in v filmih. Njeni najbolj znana pesmi sta La vie en rose in Non, je ne regrette rien.

The French singer Edith Piaf , sang in a uniquely husky and emotion-laden voice that, by the end of her life, was  recognized by millions.  A street singer from the age of 15, she was given her stage name, Piaf - sparrow. About 1930 she began singing in nightclubs. She also appeared in the theater and in films. The song La Vie en  Rose,composed by Piaf, was her trademark.

                 
     
            B -
2922                   F - 2786                           RO -5506                             F - 5400

  
          H - 5773


PILL Cathy 11.03.1981 -
Belgijska modna oblikovalka.

Belgian fashion designer.
 
B - ?2010


Pineda Mariana 1.9.1804 - 26.5.1832
Španska junakinja se je poročila zelo mlada in kmalu postala vdova z 2 otrokoma. Leta 1828 je pomagal iz zapora pobegniti bratrancu znanemu liberalcu, ki je bil obsojen na smrt. Med preiskavo njen hiše leta 1831 so našli zastavo z napisom: enakost, svoboda in zakon". Bila je aretirana, obsojena zarote in javno usmrčena. Leta 1925 dramatik Federico García Lorca napisal dramo Mariana Pineda, ki temelji na njeni zgodbi.

She married very young  and soon widowed with 2 children. She became very involved in liberal causes. In 1828 she assisted the escape from prison of her cousin, a noted liberal who had been condemnded to death. In a search of her house in 1831, a flag was discovered with the embroidered slogan "Equality, Freedom and Law" and she was arrested and accused of conspiracy. During the trial, the Judge tried to convince her to betray her accomplices in exchange for leniency, but she refused and was publicly executed. In 1925 the playwright Federico García Lorca based his play Mariana Pineda on her story, turning the popular heroine into legend and myth.

E - 684       E - 636


Pintusevič Hana (Pintusevich Zhanna) 6.7.1972 -
Ukrajinska atletinja tekačica je dosegla svetovni dvoranski rekord na 50 m. Na evropskih prvenstvih je bila 3 krat druga (leta 1994 in 1998 na 200 m, leta 1994 na 100m). Na evropskem mladinskem prvenstvu 1991 je zmagala na 100 m in 200 m. Na evropskem pokalu pa je leta 1994 zmagala na 200 m in v štafeti 4 x 100 m.

Ukrainian sport woman. Set world indoor record at 50m. At European Championships was 3 times 2nd (at 200m in 1994 and 1998, at 100m in 1994). Won 100m and 200m at European Junior 1991 and 60m at European Indoor. At European Cup 1994 won 200m and 4x100. National Indoor Championships: 2006 (1st, 60m).

 
           
UA - 491


Pisani Maria Adeodata 29.12.1806 - 25.2.1855
S starostjo 21 let je postala redovniška pripravnica v redu Benedektinkt. Odpovedala se je  bogastvu in imenu in ostala v samostanu do konca življenja. Od leta 1851 do 1853 je bila opatinja. Njeno slabo zdravstveno pa jo je prisilo, da je zgodaj končala svoje služenje. Znana je bila po svoji svetosti, ljubezni do revnih,  strogosti do sebe. V svoji ekstazi je bilo videti kot da lebdi. 9.5.2001 jo je je papež Janez Pavel II proglasil za blaženo.

Benedictine novice at age 21. She renounced her wealth and title when she took her final vows. Cloistered nun for the rest of her life. Seamstress, sacristan, porter, teacher, and novice mistress. Abbess in 1851 to 1853, her ill health forcing her to end her service early. Noted for her sanctity, her love of the poor, self-imposed austerities, and ecstacies so complete that she was seen to levitate. Beatified 9.5.2001 by Pope John Paul II.

  
          MT - 857                   MT - 1167,1169


Piskova Vela 1889 - 1925
Organizatorka revolucionarnega delavskega gibanja v Bolgariji.

Organizer of Revolutionary Workers` Movement in Bulgaria.

  
    
BG - 1156


PLATOSHECHKINA Ekaterina
Ruska slikarka ikon, je na znamki upodobila sv. Patrika v  tradicionalnem stilu in tehniki risanja ikon.
 
Russian icon painting used in this stamp design continues an ancient practice that is more traditionally and correctly known as icon writing.

    
          
EI - 2003


Podjavorinska Ludmila 26.4.1872 - 2.3.1951
Čehoslovaška pisateljica (pravo ime Ludmila Riznerová) se je rodila in odraščala v družini učitelja. Pisala  je poezijo, prozo in leposlovje za mladino od leta 1890. Njeno najbolj plodno obdobje je 1892-1910. Gojila je tesne stike z vodilnimi osebnostmi narodnega življenja in literature (Vajanský, Škultetyja, Terezia Vansová, Elena Šoltésová). Zaposlenena je bila kot vodja in lektor bralnih klubov. Zaradi nadzora policije med prvo svetovno vojno je bila , so njena proizvodnja in dejavnosti omejene.

Born and grew up in the family of a teacher. She was writing poetry, prose and fiction for youth since  the 1890s. Her most fruitful period was 1892-1910. She developed close contacts with leading personalities of national life and literature (Vajanský, Škultéty, Vansová, Šoltésová), and was engaged as leader and lector in the so-called reading clubs. Under police surveillance during World War I, her output and activities were limited.

 

           CZ - 2076


Podzemna Ana 26.7.1909 - 13.8.1996
Čehoslovaška slikarka je študirala na šoli za umetnost in obrt UMPRUM, na Akademiji za likovno umetnost v Pragi in na Académie Julien v Parizu. Je avtorica številnih slik in risb narodnih motivov iz Valašske regije. Njeni številni osnutki za znamke kažejo na njeno kvaliteto izjemnega slikarja portretov in oseb. Svoj smisel za figuraliko je uporabila predvsem pri znamkah s športnimi motivi. Je avtorica znamk češkoslovaške Spartakiade, številnih športnih disciplin in serije znamk olimpijskih iger.
Na znamki CZ-2591 je njen mozaik: Kmečki upor.

She studied at the school of arts and crafts UMPRUM and the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague  and at Académie Julien in Paris. She was the author of numerous paintings and drawings of folk types in the Valašsko region. Her numerous stamp designs proved her quality of an outstanding portrait and figure painter. She used her sense of figurative composition mainly in designing stamps with sport themes. She is the author of multi-stamp issues on Czechoslovak Spartakiads, stamps featuring a number of sport disciplines and series of stamps on several Olympic Games.

       
            CZ - 2591                              
CZ - 586


POHJALAINEN Ritva Liisa 26.11.1949 -
Finska oblikovalka nakita in oblačil se je po končanem študiju leta 1974 zaposlila pri oblačilni firmi Piretta-P.T.A kjer je bila v letih 1986-1995 glavni oblikovalec. Sedaj pod svojo oblikovalsko znamko oblikuje nakit in dekorativne predmete.

Finish designer of  jewelery and clothing. After graduating in 1974 she began her career in Piretta-P.T.A. clothing company. From 1986-1995 she worked here as chief designer. She has her own design brand, whose products include jewelry designed by her and decorative items.

    
                       FI - 2014


POLÁČKOVÁ-VYLET`ALOVÁ Olga 8.8.1944 -
Češka slikarka in grafičarka je privatno študirala pri vodilnem češkem umetnikom tekstila Antonínu Kybalu, nato pa končala študij na umetniški šoli in na praški akademiji za umetnost, arhitekturo in oblikovanje. Je avtorica 76 filmskih plakatov. Svoja dela je razstavljala na skupinskim in samostojnih razstavah. Njen plakat Une femme Douce (na znamki CZ-698) je postal ikona češkoslovaškega filmskega plakata. Za svoje filmske plakate je prejela številne prestižne mednarodne nagrade: na kanskem filmskem festivalu leta 1973 - Grand Prix za najboljši plakat (Une femme Douce), na kanskem festivalu leta 1974 - nagrado mednarodnih kritikov (plakat za film: Mládí a láska), na mednarodnem filmskem festivalu v Chicagu leta - zlatega Hugota (plakat za film: Zrcadlení).

She is a Czech painter and graphic artist. She took a course of private studies with leading Czech textile artist Antonín Kybal and finished studies at an art school and Prague's Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design. The author of an overall seventy-six film posters (1969-89), Poláčková-Vyleťalová has been exhibiting her works at collective and solo shows. Her design of the Une femme douce (on stamp CZ-698) poster became an icon of the Czechoslovak film poster art. Her film posters won a number of prestigious international awards, such as the Cannes International Film Festival 1973 - Grand Prix for the Best Poster (Une femme douce); Cannes International Film Festival 1974 - International Critic's Prize (film: Mládí a láska; Youth and Love); Chicago International Film Festival 1979 - Gold Hugo (film: Zrcadlení; Mirroring).

    
                     CZ - 698


Polgar Zsuzsa 19.4.1969 -
Madžarsko ameriška šahistka ena najmočnejšig igralk vseh časov, ena od znamenitih sester šahistk (Judith, Sofia) je bila svetovna šahovska prvakinja v letih 1996 do 1999. Januarja 1991 je postala prva ženska, ki si je prislužila naziv velemojstra za moške. Osvojila je 10 olimpijskih medalj (5 zlatih, 4 srebrne in 1 bronasto).

She is a Hungarian-American chess player, and one of the strongest female players ever, having been Women`s World Chess Champion (1996,97,98,99). In January 1991 Polgar became the first woman to earn the men's Grandmaster title. She has a total of 10 Olympiad Chess Medals (5 Gold, 4 Silver and 1 Bronze).

 
        YU - 3923


Polivanova Maria 24.10.1922 -1942
Ostrostrelka, ruska junakinja druge svetovne vojne, dokumentirano je ubila 300 nemških vojakov.

Hero of the Soviet Union, female sniper during WW II. She killed 300 german soldiers.

SZ - 930


POLOTSKAYA Euphrosiniya sv. (st.) 1101? - 1173
Princesa, sestra prednica v samostanu sv. Odrešenika v Polotsk je prva rusinja proglašena za svetnico. Pripisujejo da je pisala kronike in izvirna dela. Z lastnimi sredstvi je zdradila dve cerkvi na Polotsku, ustanovila ženski samostanta, ki je postal središče razsvetljenstva Polotske kneževine. Na njeno željo je Lazar Bogsha ustvaril leta 1161 križ, ki je služil kot vzorec lokalnim umetniškim obrtnikom. Odšla je na romanje v Jeruzalem, tam pa je umrla. Njene relikvije hranijo v samostanu Odrešenice Efrosine v Polotsku.

A princess, Lady-Superior of the St. Saviour Nunnery in Polotsk, the first woman in Rus, canonized by the church. She is believed to have written the chronicles and original works. She built at her own means 2 churches in Polotsk, founded the nunnery and the cloister that became the enlightenment centers in Polotsk Principality. At her order Lazar Bogsha created the cross in 1161 that was a specimen of the local artistic crafts. She underwent a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, where she died. Her relics are kept in Polotsk Saviour-Efrosinia Nunnery.

   
                   
BY - block 22


Polotzk Ragneda von 962? - 1002?

 
              BY - 40


POMPADOUR Marquise de 29.12.1721 - 15.4.1764
Markiza de Pompadour (Jeanne Antoinette Poisson) francoska plemkinja je bila "uradna" ljubica Ludvika XV. Ukvarjala se je s politiko in bila ena najboj vplivnih ljudi na tem področju.

Jeanne Antoinette Poisson, Marquise de Pompadour was a member of the French court and was the official chief mistress of Louis XV from 1745 to her death. She took charge of the king’s schedule and was a valued aide and advisor. She was a major patron of architecture and decorative arts. She was a patron of the philosophes of the Enlightenment, including Voltaire.

    

              F - 5946


Popelinn Marie 16.9.1846 - 5.6.1913
Marie Popelin je leta 1888 diplomirala kot prva belgijska pravnica, toda zaradi spola ni nikoli smela opravljati tega poklica. Ustanovila je Ligo za ženske pravice (1892), bila je predsednica Belgijske ženske zveze.

Marie Popelin  became in 1888 the first Belgian woman doctor of law. Because of sex she was never allowed to practise law. In 1892 she founded Le Legue for Women`s Rights, she was president of Council for Belgian Women. 

   
          B -
1828


POPLAVSKAJA Kristina 24.7.1972 -
Litvanska veslačica je na OI 2000 v Sydneyu dobila bronasto medaljo v dvojnem enojcu.
Na bloku LT-749 so imena tudi ostalih litvanskih dobitnic medalj na OI 2000:
Daina Gudzinevičiute in Diana Žiliute.

She is a Lithuanian rower who won an Olympic bronze medal in the Double Sculls event at the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.
On sheet LT-749 are also names of other two lithuanian medals winners at OG 2000: Daina Gudzinevičiute and Diana Žiliute.

 
           
LT - 749


Popova Katja 21.1.1924 - 1966

Bulgarian soprano. After studies at the Conservatory of Sofia with Mara Marinova-Cibulka, Katja Spiridonova and Asen Dimitrov, she graduated with highest honors. Immediately employed by the Sofia National Opera, she debuted in 1947 as Esmeralda in The Bartered Bride. In 1964, after winning first prize at the Youth Festival in Budapest, Katja Popova went on to win the first prize in the Singing Competition in Prague. International appearances took the soprano to Germany and France. In 1959 she sang the role of Marguerite in Faust at both the Paris Grand Opéra and at the Vienna State Opera. In 1962 after repeating the same role in Brussels, she appeared in Russia and Czechoslovakia. Also known as an important concert singer, she was awarded the Dimitrov Prize, the highest of the Bulgarian awards. Tragically, Katja Popova, died at the peak of her career in 1966 in an airplane crash in Bratislava.

              

                    BG - 2041                                  BG - 3224  


POST Liza May 1965 -
Nizozemska fotografinja. Na znamki NL-2283 je njena fotografija: Poskus.

She is Dutch artist and photographer. Her works are multi-disciplinary, she combines photography, film and video. On stamp NL-2283 is her photo: Trying.

  
            NL - 2283


PotoCka Maria

 
                PL - 3738


Potter Beatrix 28.7.1866 - 22.12.1943

The English author Helen Beatrix Potter wrote and illustrated about 28 children's stories, all with animals as characters. Her first books, some of which evolved out of letters she had written to children, include The Tale of Peter Rabbit (1901) and The Tailor of Gloucester (1902). The original illustrations for all of her works are now in the Tate Gallery in London. Potter's early life was severely restricted, her main outlet being her drawings and a diary, which she kept in a private code. In 1905 she became engaged to Norman Warne, the publisher of most of her books, but he died before they could be married. Near age 50, she married a country solicitor named William Heelis and became a sheep farmer, doing little more writing of consequence.
GB-797, GB-1436, GB-1496:Tales of Peter Rabbit
GB-2366: Mr. Jeremy Fisher

   
                                                                         Man - 1321-1324
                   
         
  GB - 797                           GB - 1496                             GB - 2366                         GB - 1436

    
    
 
                             Alderney - 477-482
       
                      GB - 3914 - 3915                                                  GB - 3916 - 3917
                                          
                                                             GB - 3918 - 3919 
   
                                              GB - 3920 - 3923 


PRACHATICKA KOLIBANOVA Marketa 1953 -
Češka ilustratorka je v Bologni prejela nagrado Prix De Bologna za ilustracijo knjige Alice v čudežni deželi. Britanska vlada ji je leta 1990 podelila polletno štipendijo za študij na College of Art v Londonu.

Marketa Prachaticka is an award-winning artist from the Czech Republic. Her wild and beautifully drawn illustrations for Alice in Wonderland won her the prestigious Premio Grafico prize at the Bologna Children's Book Fair. She has also illustrated books by authors such as Roger McGough and Roald Dahl (including the Czech edition of James and the Giant Peach).

CZ - 2923


Preradovic Paula-von 12.9.1887 - 25.5.1951
Avtorica besedila avstrijske nacionalne himne Paula von Preradovic se je rodila 12. oktobra 1887. Njen literarni opus obsegajo številne pesmi, prozna dela in manjša odrska dela. Je pesnica za ljudi, ki ji poezija pomeni "an obligation to convey the suffering witnessed". Je vnukinja znanega pesnika Petra Preradovića.

He is author of Austria's national anthem. Her literary works consist of numerous poems, prose, and small scenic works. She can be characterized as the "poetess among the people", for whom poetry always signified "an obligation to convey the suffering witnessed".

 
                       A -
2189


Preussen Luise von 1776 - 1810
pruska kraljica

          
        D - 1428                Berlin - 845


Primačenko Maria 1908 - 1998
Naivna ukrajinska slikarka ni nikoli študirala slikarstva. Na znamkah UA-344/345 sta in njeni deli: Renčeča žival in Divji Čarovnik. Privesek pa prikazuje umetnico v njenem studiu.

Maria Prymachenko is a peasant women from Ukraina and native artist. She never studied art. On stamps UA-344/345 are their works: Jaberring Animal and Wild sorceror. The label shows artist in her studio. She is an Honored Artist of Ukraine.

                          

                                                                                   UA -
344/345

Printemps Yvonne 25.7.1894 - 18.1.1977
Francoska pevka ter filmska in gledališka igralka s pravim imenom Yvonne Wignolle je že pri 13 letih plesala v reviji Folies Bergere v Parizu. Zaradi vedre narave so ji sodelavci dali pridevek Printemps (pomlad). Z nastopanji je začela v operetah. Zaradi svojega glasu in postave je bila zalo znana že v mladosti. Mednarodno je postala znana  leta 1934 s svojim nastopom v igri Noela Cowarda: Conversation Piece. Nastopala je v Parizu, v londonskem West Endu in v ZDA na Broadwayu. Igrala je v devetih filmih, med drugim tudi v filmski in gledališki verziji Trois Valses.

Born Yvonne Wignolle, she was dancing in revues at the Folies Bergere in Paris at age 13. Nicknamed Printemps - springtime by her fellow chorus members because of her sunny disposition, she started in operetta, appearing in such works as Les Contes de Perrault (1913) and Le Poilu (1916). Her voice and stage presence made her a great star at a young age. In 1934 she received international acclaim for her performance in the Noel Coward play, Conversation Piece. She performed in Paris and at London's West End before going to the United States to star on Broadway. She appeared in nine motion pictures, including the starring role in both the stage and screen versions of Trois Valses.

 
       F - 3044


Probst Maria 1.7.1902 - 1.5.1967
nemška političarka.

German politician one of the founders of Regional Association of Women of Christian Socialist Union party. She studied German philology in Munich. After WW II she was fighting for better working conditions of women. From 1963-67 she was president of European Women`s Union.

    
         D - 1956


Progonati Nimete 1929 - 1944
Albanska partizanka.

Albanian partisan.

  

               AL - 2260  


PROKORENKO Zhanna 11.5.1940 - 1.8.2011
Ukrajinska sovjetska filmska igralka je znana po vlogi Šure v filmu Vojakova balada režiserja Grigorja Čuchraja (1959). Na znamki SU-3122 je prizor iz tega filma.

She was a Ukrainian-born Soviet-era actress, best known to European and North American audiences for her role in Grigori Chukhrai's 1959 film, Ballad of a Soldier (on stamp SU-3122 is scene from film).

    
                SU - 3122


PROVOOST Anne 1964 -

belgian writer

  

                 B  - 4018


PRÜM Dany 18.2.1965 -

Luxembourgian painter first exhibited in 1989  at the Clairefontaine gallery and won the "Merit prize for young painters" from the CAL (Cercle Artistique Luxembourg). Since then, many exhibitions in Luxembourg and foreign countries have followed. She works in acrylic, chalk, varnish, and colours diluted with water.

  
                L - 1560


PULLINEN Laila 21.7.1933 -

She is best-known Finnish sculptors. Pullinen studied at the Academy of Art in Helsinki. Major national museums collections include Pullinen work, in addition to which they have been purchased also include the Vatican Museum in Rome, as well as Copenhagen, Stockholm, Hamburg, etc. elsewhere. Her sculptures can also be seen in many public places, such as the Helsinki-Vantaa airport.

    
            FI - 2044


PUOTILA Ritva 1935 -

Finish textile designer Ritva Puotila has given traditional paper yarn a completely new status, creating the harmonious combination of patterns and colour alternatives visible in Woodnotes’ products. Her interest in textiles began already as a child, and later on during her studies she began to participate in design competitions, winning several prizes and grants in Finnish rya rug design competitions. She also won first prize in a fashion fabric design competition arranged by Villayhtymä, the biggest woollen factory in Finland at that time. The motif of the stamp FI-1821 is a part of the work Points from the Year 2003.

      
                 FI - 1821


PUTRON Mary Eliy de 1914 - 1982
Oblikovalka vitražnih oken. Na znamkah je njena vitraža iz kapele La Monnaie.

She was a stained glass window designer. On stamps is her work from La Monnaie chapel.

    
                                   Guernsey - 622-633


PUTTELAAR Carla van de 1967 -
Nizozemska fotografinja.
Na znamki NL-2288 je njena fotografija iz leta 1997: Lena.

She is Dutch photograph and studied at the Gerrit Rietveld Academy. In 1996 she won the Esther Kroon award. She participated in several exhibitions, in Turin, Rome, Paris, Groningen and Amsterdam. Her works are mainly portraits and nudes.
On stamp NL-2288 is her photo from 1997: Lena.

  
            NL - 2288


PUUR Helmi 20.12.1933 -
estonska baletka

Estonian balet dancer studied in the famous Vaganov School in Leningrad. She made her debut in the twin role of Odette/Ottilie created a legend spanning generations. Her partner was the first ballet prince of Estonia, Artur Koit. 

   
            EE- 547

gor - up