ZNAMENITE ŽENSKE NA ZNAMKAH

 FAMOUS WOMEN ON STAMPS

 

HOME

MAARIT Hurmerinta 10.11.1953 -
Finsko pevko leta 1972 odkril Atte Blom. Je vnukinja italijanskega glasbenika Michela Orlanda. NJena hčerka je tudi pevka znana pod umetniškem imenom Janna.

She is a Finnish singer and musician. She is granddaughter of Italian musician Michele Orlando. Maarit's daughter Janna Hurmerinta is also a singer known by her mononym Janna.

    
               FI - 2003


MĹĹS-FJETTERSTRÖM Märta 21.6.1873 -13.4.1941
Ena najpomembnejših švedskih oblikovalk modernega tekstila. Bila je mojster oblike, črte in kompozicije.
 

Märta Mĺĺs-Fjetterström was a central figure in modern Swedish Textile-Art. She was a master of form, line and composition.

S - 2903
MADAJ Natalia 26.1.1988 -
Poljska veslačica je na OI 2016 skupaj z Magdalena Fularczyk (je tudi na znamki PL-4888) osvojila zlato medaljo v dvojnem dvojcu.

Polish rower won  gold medal in women's double sculls competing in partnership with Magdalena Fularczyk (also on stamp PL-4888) at 2016 Summer Olympics.

  

               PL - 4888
MAENPAA Outi 24.2.1962 -
Finska televizija igralka je svojo kariero začela v gledališču kot odrski igralec med 1984 in 1988. Od leta 1989 se redno pojavlja na finski televiziji. V oktobru 2007 je igrala v finskem filmu Musta jaa (Black Ice) - na znamki  FI-2218.

Outi Mäenpää a Finnish television actress began her career in theatre as a stage actor between 1984 and 1988. Since 1989 she has appeared regularly on Finnish television. In October 2007 she starred in the Finnish movie Musta jää (Black Ice) - on stamp FI-2218.

    

                      FI - 2218
Maeztutu Maria de 18.7.1881 - 7.1.1948
Španska vzgojiteljica. Ustanovila je domove za dekleta, orvi kjer so se lahko dekleta pripravljala za višjo šolo. Vodila je oddelek sveta za napredne študije, kjer so testirali nove metode poučevanja. Leta 1919 je poučevala na univerzi Columbia in drugih ameriških univerzah.  Udeležila se je številnih konferenc o izobraževanju in psihologiji v Argentini, ZDA, Mehiki in Veliki Britaniji.

Spanish educator. Founded Residence for misses, the first centre in Spain to prepare women for college. Later directed Preparation Section of Council of Advance Studies where new methods of teaching were tested. Lectured at Columbia University and other American universities 1919. Conducted many conferences on education and psyhology in Argentina, USA, Cuba, Mexico and England 1926-31.

  
                E - 2870

MAFFEI Clara 13.3.1814 - 13.6.1886

She was an Italian woman of letters and backer of the Risorgimento, usually known by her married name of countess Clara Maffei or Chiarina Maffei. She is well-known for the salon she hosted in via dei Tre Monasteri in Milan, known as the "Salotto Maffei". Starting in 1834 and organised by Tommaso Grossi and Massimo d'Azeglio, it attracted several well-known literati, artists, scholars, composers and pro-Risorgimento figures to meet to discuss art and literature. These included Alessandro Manzoni, Francesco Hayez (who painted a portrait of Clara which he then gave to her husband), Giuseppe Verdi and Giovanni Prati.

 
                                    I - 3451
Magnani Ana 7.3.1908 - 26.9.1973
Italijinska filmska igralka je igrala v gledaliških hišah in skupinah, od 1934 tudi v manjših filmskih vlogah. Prodor je dosegla z vlogo v enem najpomembnejših italijanskih neorealističnih filmov R. Rossellinija Rim odprto mesto (1945). Mojstrsko je upodabljala čutne, impulzivne ženske like iz malomeščanskega in proletarskega okolja. Pomembnejši filmi: Lepotica (1951), Zlata kočija (1952), Tetoviran roža (1955), Divji veter (1958), Mama Rim (1962). Za vlogo v filmu Tetovirana roža je prejela oskarja za glavno žensko vlogo.

She was a singer and stage actress before finding her true calling on the big screen. Magnani had a bit part in the silent Scampolo (1927) and made her talkie debut with another small role in Cavalleria (1936), directed by her husband, Goffredo Alessandrini (1904-78). After several other roles, she was given international exposure in Roberto Rossellini's neorealistic Rome Open City (1945), which showcased the passionate sensuality that would capture movie audiences. Her extraordinary dual role in Rossellini's L'Amore (1948) solidified her stardom. Magnani's part as the leading lady of an acting troupe in 18th-century South America in Jean Renoir's Golden Coach (1952) is considered by many to be her finest film performance. It was for her earthy widow in Tennessee Williams's Rose Tattoo (1955), however, that she won the Academy Award for best actress. Although she was nominated again for Wild Is the Wind (1957), that and subsequent vehicles failed to elicit from Magnani the magic that had been hers.

                                  
               I - 2527                     SM - 2213                     I - 3225                       SM-2276

          
                I - 2061                         I - 3933

MAGNANO Silvana 21.4.1930 - 16.12.1989

She was an Italian actress. She trained as a dancer and worked as a model before winning a "Miss Rome" beauty pageant in 1946. This led to work in films; she achieved a notable success in Bitter Rice (1949) and continued working in films for almost four more decades. She was a favorite star between the 1950s and 1970s, appearing in Anna (1951), The Gold of Naples (L'oro di Napoli, 1954), Mambo (1955), Theorem (Teorema, 1968), Death in Venice (Morte a Venezia, 1971), and The Scientific Cardplayer (1972).

    
                   I - 2062

MAHER Alice 1956 -

Alice Maher is one of Ireland’s most respected and influential artists. Her works including painting, sculpture, photography and animation. On stamp: Petterned Behaviour.

IE - 2083


MAILLAN Jacgueline 11.1.1923 - 12-5-1992
Francoska filmska igralka.

French film actress.

    

                  F - 5447

Maimunkova Ana 1878 - 1925
bolgarska komunistka in herojina.

Bulgarian communist and heroine.

     
       
BG - 1155

MAJDIČ Petra 22.12.1979 -
Najuspešnejša slovenska tekačica na smučeh v zgodovini tega športa. V svetovnem pokalu je osvojila 20 zmag in s tem po številu zmag prehitela smučarskega skakalca Primoža Peterko. Na svetovnem prvenstvu v Saporu 2007 je pritekla do srebrne medalje v šprintu v klasični tehniki, kar je tudi prva slovenska medalja v smučarskem teku na velikih tekmovanjih. Med svojimi lovorikami pa ima tudi dva mala kristalna globusa v skupnem seštevku tekaških šprintov za svetovni pokal v sezonah 2007/2008 in 2008/09 ter bronasto olimpijsko medaljo na Zimskih olimpijskih igrah 2010 v klasičnem sprintu. Trikrat je bila izbrana za slovensko športnico leta.

Slovenian sportwoman - cross-country skiing. On Winter Olympics in Vancouver 2010 she won broze medal in clasical sprint.
On sheet
SI-861/862 is also Tina Maze.

   

                                 SI - 862

MAKAROVA Galina 1919 - 1993

She is Belarusian actress, People’s artist of Belarus and the former USSR. In 1938 Makarova finished the dramatic studio of Belarusian theatre named after Yanka Kupala (later National Academic Theatre named after Yanka Kupala). Then she was admitted into its company. Galina Makarova worked there all her life. She played a great number of parts in the theatre; many of them were women from common folk. She also played in many films. Spectators remember her for such films as “Ivan”, “Farewell of Slav girl”, “Young wife”, “Girls, don’t marry anybody”, “White clothes”, “White dews” and others. The last film work of Makarova was the part of the grandmother Shumilka in the comedy film “Pustelga” by Sergey Rusakov.

  
            
BY - 783


MAKAROVA Inna 28.7.1928 -
Ruska igralka je leta 1948 diplomirala na moskovski državni univerzi za film (imenovana po S. A. Gerasimov) in začela igrati v državnem filmskem gledališču. Leta 1949 je dobila Stalinovo nagrado za vlogo Lyubov Shertsove v filmu Mlada garda ražiserja Sergeja Gerasimova (prizor iz filma je nas znamki SU-3121).

She is a Russian actress. In 1948 she graduated in the Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography in Moscow and began to work as an actress at the State Film Actor Theater. In 1949, she was awarded the Stalin Prize for her role as Lyubov Shertsova in Sergei Gerasimov's film The Young Guard (on stamp SU-3121 is scene from film). In 1985, she was awarded the designation of People's Artist of the USSR.

    
                  SU - 3121

MaKsimović Desanka 16.5.1898 - 11.2.1993
Srbska pesnica in pisateljica. Pred 2. svetovno vojno je pisala v glavnem intimne lirske pesmi, po osvoboditvi pa se v njenih delih pojavijo številni rodoljubni motivi o Srbiji in uporu. Zaradi svoje neposrednosti, čustvenosti in enostavnega izražanja je bila zelo priljubljena. Pesniške zbirke: Pesmi (1924), Vrt otroštva, Zeleni vitez (1930), Vonj zemlje (1983)…. Napisala je tudi roman Uporni razred (1960) in zbirko novel Norost srca (1931).

She was a Serbian poet, professor of  literature and a member of Serbian Academy of Science and Arts. Desanka was a professor of Serbian language in several schools (Belgrade, Obrenovac, Dubrovnik..). Her poetry spoke about love and patriotism; it was enthusiastic and youthful, yet serious and sensitive. It is said that the Serbian language is best sung in the poems of Desanka Maksimović.

             
           
YU - 2778                  YU - 2868


MALESEVSCHI Eugenia 1868 - 1942

Romunian painter: Self-portrait.

   

             MD - 741


Malinovsky Lise 1957 -

Danish painter and graphic designer. Born in Copenhagen. Malinovsky apprenticed as a weaver in 1974, and from 1976-79 she studied at the School of Applied Art in Copenhagen - her childhood dream was to become a weaver, meanwhile her artistic temperament did not fit with the discipline of art handicraft, so in 1979 she began studies at The Danish Royal Academy of Fine Arts in Copenhagen under Stig Broegger and Robert Jacobsen, in 1985 she graduated from the Royal Academy. In her own expressionistic manner Malinowsky has executed paintings on gigantic canvases, she uses strong brushstrokes and powerful colours - her motifs are e.g. exotic animals, bullfighters, flowers, human figures, portraits and more abstract compositions. In 2001 she created the Tivoli-poster, for the Copenhagen amusement park Tivoli, the motif was the old animal carousel. Her works have been shown in many exhibitions in Denmark and abroad, and she has received quite a few grants.

  
              DK - 1220

MAMELI CALVINO Eva
Botanistko in naravoslovko Evo Mameli Calvino je na znamki prikazana s cvetočo "Fumaria", ki je bila predmet prve njene študije objavljene leta 1906.

Botanist and naturalist Eva Mameli Calvino, flanked by the flowering plant of the "Fumaria", the subject of his first study published in 1906.

  
              I - 4032
MANESOVA Amalie 1817 - 1883

Mánesová was born to a family of famous painters. On her father Antonín Mánes' wish she painted mainly landscapes although she tried also figural painting; she was said to have a gift for the latter. She painted also fruit and flower still-lives. She was also an important teacher. She run a special painting and drawing school in Spálená Street in Prague and she also taught pupils from aristocratic families. One of her pupils was Zdenka Braunerová who later became a famous painter. She joined her brother Josef on his painter's expeditions to the Krkonoše Mountains, to Dresden, to the Hrubá Mountain, she stayed in Vienna and the Austrian Alps. Her paintings gradually became richer in colours. The postage stamp features an engraved version of her painting Vrbičany Castle where she stayed as a guest. The painting is now in National Art Gallery in Prague.

  
                        CZ - 532

MANGIN Nicole 11.10.1878 - 6.6.1919
Po pomoti je bila leta 1914 mobilizirana v francosko vojsko, kjer je uspešno skrivala svoj spol. Bila je edina ženska zdravnica v francoski vojski. Kot prostovoljka je delovala na fronti pri Verdunu.

She was the only female doctor assigned to the front during the First World War. Mobilized by mistake August 2, 1914, she hides her feminine and volunteered requirement to practice in Verdun.

    

                    F - 6097

MANIANI Mirela 21.12.1976 -
Grška atletinja, metalka kopja je bila rojena v Albaniji. Leta 1977 se je poročila z grškim dvigalcem uteži Georgom Tzelilijem (rojenim v Albaniji) in s tem pridobila grško državljanstvo. Na OI 2000 je osvojila srebrno medaljo z osebnim rekordom 67,51 m. Na OI 2004 pa je osvojila bronasto medaljo. Je tudi evropska prvakinja in dvakratna svetovna prvakinja.

Mirela Manjani born in Albania is a Greek javelin thrower. She married Greek weightlifter George Tzelili (also Albanian born, Jorgo Xhelili) in 1997 and thereby became a Greek citizen. She won a silver medal at the 2000 Summer Olympic with a personal best of 67.51m, and a bronze medal at 2004 Olimpic games in Athene. She is also a European champion and double world champion.

  
          GR - 2256


MANKIEWICZOWNA Tola 8.5.1900 - 27.10.1985
Poljski igralka, pevka in operna pevka (lirični sopran) in pevka operet je bila najbolj priljubljenih v času med obema vojnama.

Polish actress, singer and opera singer (lyric soprano) and operetta was one of the most popular actresses and singers of the interwar period.

    

          PL - 4741

MANN BORGESE Elisabeth  24. 4. 1918 - 8. 2. 2002
Mednarodno priznana strokovnjakinja za pomorsko pravo in politiko ter varstvo okolja je ena od ustanoviteljev in dolgo časa edina članica Rimskega kluba. Delala je kot univerzitetni profesor na univerzi Dalhousie v Halifaxu v Kanadi. Bila je pobudnica in organizator prve konference o pomorskem pravu na Malti leta 1970 z naslovom "Pacem v Maribu" ("Mir v oceanih").

She was an internationally recognized expert on maritime law and policy and the protection of the environment. She was one of the founding members – and for a long time the only female member – of the Club of Rome and worked as a university professor at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada. She was the initiator and organizer of the first conference on the law of the sea on Malta in 1970, with the title of "Pacem in Maribus" ("Peace in the Oceans").

  

                 D - 3375


Mannerheim Sophie 21.12.1863 - 9.1.1928

A famous nurse known as pioneer of modern nursing in Finland. She was daughter of a count and sister of a former Finnish President, marshal Carl Gustav Mannerheim. Her career started as a bank employee for 6 years until she got married in 1896. After her divorce    in 1902 she was trained in nursing at the Nightingale School at St. Thomas Hospital in London. Returning home she was appointed as head nurse of Helsinki Surgical Hospital and later elected President of the Finnish Nurses' Association, a position she had for 24 years. As a result of her international involvement she was also elected President of the International Council of Nurses (ICN). Baroness Sophie Mannerheim was, together with Dr. Arvo Ylppö, founder of the Children's Hospital (Lastenlinna) in Helsinki as well as the Mannerheim League for Children's Welfare. For the latest, her brother was given the leadership.

 
         FI - 1182

Manushi Violeta 6.3.1926 -
albanska filmska igralka

Albanian film actress.

AL - 1927
MARACINEANU Stefania 18.6.1882 - 15.8.1944

She is famous in the scientific world as the physicist who discover artificial radioactivity in 1924. This discovery was unjustly attributed to Irčne and Frédéric Joliot-Curie, who received a Nobel Prize for it. Marie Curie’s daughter provided in 1934 the moral compensation in an article published in News Wiener Journal, strongly asserting that: “Miss Mărăcineanu announced the discovery of artificial radioactivity in 1924”. As a result of the close cooperation between Professors Bungetianu and Vasile Karpen, Stefania Maracineanu caused in 1931 the first artificial rain in the world on Baragan Plains. The radioactive salts were spread in the clouds by aviator Bazu Cantacuzino.

    
                      RO - 6702

Maraž Adriana 26.12.1931 - 8.5.2015
Slovenska slikarka grafičarka je diplomirala 1957 na Akademiji za umetnost na univerzi v Ljubljani. Uveljavila se je predvsem z grafičnimi stvaritvami; od 1966, ko je prvič razstavljala na Mednarodnem grafičnem bienalu v Ljubljani, je sodelovala na mnogih tovrstnih razstavah. Prejela je Jakopičevo nagrado. Grafični izraz je razvijala predvsem v tehniki barvne jedkanice in akvatinte. Njena motivika je zožena na nekaj značilnih mimetičnih prvin (predvsem deli pohištva, drobni hišni inventar ter vsakdanji uporabni predmeti).

Studied painting and  graphic art at Academy of Fine Arts in Ljubljana. She had many solo exhibitions and participated in the Graphic Art Bienales in Ljubljana. She won Grand Prix at second Biennale of Graphic Art in Freddenkstad.

 
                YU -
1961
Margaret sv.(st.) 27.1.1242 - 18.1.1271

Daughter of King Bela IV of Hungary, she was destined for religious life from her birth because of a promise her parents made to God when the Tartars were attacking Hungary. Margaret was sent by her parents to live in a Dominican convent. Margaret soon learned the office by heart and began acting like the older sisters in the convent.  She was canonized in 1943. Feast Day: January 18.

      
     
H - 755                H - 5918 

H - 5918  H - 753       H - 569/575    H - 4201

MARIĆ Ljubica 18.3.1909 - 17.9.2003

She was a composer, conductor, writer, professor at the Faculty of Music in Belgrade and member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. The most powerful and outstanding creator in the history of Serbian music. Her opus, in which she wonderfully connected voices from the far past with harmonies and disharmonies of her own time, could be compared with the works of the greatest authors in that century. Ljubica Marić is for the Serbian music what was Olivier Messiaen for the French or Igor Stravinski for the Russian. Her Byzantium Concert for piano and orchestra, the Music of Octoih for orchestra, cantata the Threshold of Dream and the Song of Space, the melodical recitation the Wizard for soprano and piano, the Fabulous Milligram for voice and flute, could enter into every antology of world music. The 100th anniversary of her birth entered the UNESCO calendar as an important date for the world cultural heritage.

  
            RS - 311


MariLlac Luise de 12.8.1591 - 15.3.1660
ustanoviteljica reda Usmiljenih sester Sv. Vincencija Pavelskega.

Born in France. With St. Vincent de Paul in 1633, she founded the Daughters of Charity, the first community of non-cloistered sisters, whose 25,000 members now serve around the globe. She was proclaimed a Saint of the Church in 1934. In 1960 Pope John XXIII proclaimed her the Patroness of all Social Workers.

    
           
VA - 361

Marinković Sonja 1916 - 31.7.1941
Srbska komunistka je bila že kot študentka aktivna članica naprednega študentskega gibanja, predsednica mladinske sekcije ženskega gibanja, delegatka Vojvodine na Mednarodnem mirovnem kongresu v Parizu leta 1937. Kot članico Komunistične partije jo je policija velikokrat aretirala. Med nemško okupacijo so jo Nemci ujeli, mučili in ustrelili. Za narodnega heroja je bila proglašena 25.10.1943.

As a student she was member of Progressive Student movement, President of youth section of Women`s Movement in Novi Sad, delegate of Vojvodina Youth at International Peace Congress in Paris 1937. She joined Communist party and often arrested by police. After German occupation she was arrested in 1941, tortured and shot. She was proclaimed as National Hero on Septembre 25, 1943. 

    
          
YU - 2042
MARIZA 1973 -

Mariza began singing fado as a child, before she could read. Her father sketched out little cartoon stories to help her remember the lyrics. At the age of five, she would join in the spontaneous singing at her parent's restaurant in Mouraria, one of Lisbon’s most traditional neighborhoods.

    

             P - 3784

Markiewicz Constance 4.2.1868 - 5.7.1927

The future Countess Constance Georgine Markieviez was born Constance Gore-Booth in London. While studying art at the Slade School in London she met her husband, a Polish aristocrat, Count Casimir Markievicz. They married in 1900 and subsequently settled in Dublin where she emerged on the political scene, first becoming active in the women’s suffragette movement. Her role in the nationalist movement began when she became involved in Sinn Fein. In 1910 she organised the protests against the visit of King George to Dublin. After a protest march she was arrested for burning a Union Jack, an inkling of her future militarism. The poverty in Dublin’s working classes distressed her and in 1912 she set up a network of free food kitchens for the poor. During the lockout of 1913 she strongly supported the workers. She fought for the Citizen Army in the 1916 Rising as part of the Citizen Army contingent, she was sentenced to death but was reprieved for political reasons. On 1917 a general amnesty was given to republican prisoners including Markieviez, who was being held in very poor conditions in Aylesbury prison. During the War of Independence she was arrested and imprisoned numerous times. Her sister is Eva Gore-Booth.
On label of sheet are also: Sinead Bean de Valera and Maud Gonne McBride. On stamp IE-941 is Gregory Isabela Augusta.

          
                              IE - 206/207                                                      IE - 941
 

   
                         IE - 2061
MARKLUND Liza 9.9.1962 -

She is a Swedish journalist and crime writer. Her novels, most of which feature the fictional character Annika Bengtzon, a newspaper journalist, have been published in thirty languages. Marklund is the co-owner of Sweden's third largest publishing house, Piratförlaget and a columnist in the Swedish tabloid Expressen. She is also a Unicef ambassador. The Postcard Killers, a crime thriller written in collaboration with American bestselling author James Patterson, is Marklund's twelfth book. It was published on January 27, 2010, in Sweden, and became number one on the Swedish bestseller list in February 2010. It was published on 16 August 2010 in the United States.At the end of August, it reached number one on the New York Times best-seller list, making Liza Marklund the second Swedish author (the first one being Stieg Larsson with the Millennium Trilogy) ever to reach the number one spot. Marklund lives in Spain with her husband Mikael.

S - 2770

MARKOVIĆ Olivera 3. 5. 1925 - 2. 7. 2011
Srbska igralka se je poleg gledališča in filma ukvarjala tudi s petjem, posebno  še z ruskimi romancami. Igrala je v vseh zvrsteh. Po anketi »Večernje novosti« je peta največja srbska igralka 20. stoletja. Od leta 1951 je bila članica beograjskega dramskega gledališča. V svoji karieri je v gledališču ustvarila več kot 150 vlog in posnela več kot 50 filmov.

In addition to the theater and film, the Serbian actress also engaged in singing, especially with Russian romances. She played in all genres. According to the newspaper "Vecernje novosti", she was the fifth largest Serbian actress of the 20th century. Since 1951 she has been a member of the Belgrade Drama Theater. In her career she has created more than 150 roles in the theater and has recorded more than 50 films.

  

          RS -727


Markus Emilia 10.9.1860 - 1949
Ena najboljših madžarskih klasičnih igralk.
Na bloku H-3841 so tudi Roza Deryne Szeppataki, Lujza Blaha in Gizi Bajor.

Hungary’s foremost classical actress.
On sheet H-3841 are also Roza Deryne Szeppataki, Lujza Blaha and Gizi Bajor.

       
                                   H - 3841


MARKUS Tatyana  21.9.1921 - 29.1.1943

She was an anti-Nazi Resistance Fighter born in the Ukrainian Jewiish shtetl of Romny. After the German invasion of the Soviet Union Tanya Markus and her father decided to stay in the occuped city of Kiev as underground fighters and commited there several acts of Resistance. Her father was shot in the ravine of Babi Yar. She changed her identity, she was given a Georgian name, Markusidze. She hoot more than 20 of German officers, including an SS colonel. She was was caught, turtured and shoot by Gestapo in Babi Yar. On 2006 she was posthumously awarded the title of Heroine of the Ukraine and three years later her monument was unveiled in Babi Yar.

    

                          UA -1172

Martin Marie-Helene 25.4.1892 - 1975

Foundress of the Medical Missionaries of Mary. During the WW I, she served as a volunteer nurse in Malta, France and England and later in Nigeria. She saw the world's need for healing and began to think of devoting her life to bringing comfort and health to others. In 1937 she founded first mission in Nigeria. In 1963 she was awared with the Florence Nightingale Medal by the International Red Cross in Geneva – conferred on nurses and voluntary helpers who have distinguished themselves by gret devotion to sick and wounded persons whether in times of war or of peace.

  
               
IE - 622

MARTINI Mia 20.9.1947 - 12.5.1995
Italijanska pevka in tekstopiska. Njen prvi album Oltre la collina sodi med najboljša italijanska dela vseh časov. Uspehi, kot je Padre davvero (1971), Piccolo uomo, Donna sola (1972), Minuetto, Il guerriero (1973), Inno (1974), Donna con te (1975), Che vuoi che sia ... (1976) in Libera, Per amarti  (1977) jo uvrščajo med največje izvajalce italijanske glasbe sedemdesetih let.

She was an Italian singer and on some occasions also a singer-songwriter. Her debut album, Oltre la collina, is judged among the best Italian works ever made of all time. Successes like Padre davvero  (1971), Piccolo uomo, Donna sola (1972), Minuetto, Il guerriero (1973), Inno (1974), Donna con te (1975), Che vuoi che sia ... (1976) andLibera, Per amarti  (1977) they consecrated her among the absolute protagonists of Italian music in the seventies.

  
              I - 4028


MARTINOVICH Glafira 4.2.1989 -
Beloruska gimnastičarka je na OI 2008 v Pekingu osvojila bronasto medaljo v ekipi ritmične gimnastike.
Na znamki BY-819 je Aksana Miankova.
Na priveskih BY-blok-77 so še druge beloruske dobitnice medalj na OI 2008 v Pekingu: Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Julija Bičik, Natalija Helakh, Natallia Mikhnevich, Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Ksenia Sankovich, Olesya Babushkina, Zinaida Lunina.

Belarusian gymnast.competed at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing where she received a bronze medal in the rhythmic team competition.
On stamp
BY-819 is Aksana Miankova.
On labels of sheet BY-blok-77 are also other Belarus women winners of medals in OG Bejing: Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Julija Bičik, Natalija Helakh, Natallia Mikhnevich, Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Ksenia Sankovich, Olesya Babushkina, Zinaida Lunina.

     
              
BY - blok-77, BY - 819
MartiNson Moa 2.11.1890 - 5.8.1964

Swedish novelist (name: Helga Swartz) who was among the first to write about the agricultural labourer, the landless worker of the Swedish countryside known as "statare". The first half of her life was filled with poverty and misery, yet she retainedan ability to write about the life of the workers with warmth and humour. The mother of five children, she was widowed at 25 and struggled to support her family. After her second mariagge, to the proletarian writer Harry Martinson, she began a literary carrer and took the name Moa Martinson. Her most successful work is the autobiographical trilogy Mor gifter sig - 1936 (Mother Gets Married), Kyrkbrollop - 1939 (The king`s Roses). Her later novels were about proletarian characters of the 18th  and 19th centuries.

  
                          S - 1637/8

Martos Flora 28.9.1897 - 30.12.1938

Hungarian chemist, communist. She wanted to be a doctor but her family could not cover the costs of university. This is why she became an X-ray-assistant at the Charite-policlinic. She joined to the SZDP (Party of Socialdemocrats), she belonged to the left wing. During the soviet republic she worked in the childfriend movement. After the soviet republic had fallen, she took part in the helping of interned people; she supported  in particular the prisoners of interncamp in Zalaegerszeg town. Later she got in touch with the illegal communist movement in the restructured Alliance of Hungarian Privateofficers. She got industrial-chemistry diploma and she worked in the laboratory of Shell Petrol Company in Csepel. In 1927 she organised the Red Grant, later she led it. She was arrested in 1930. She was in prison for 8 months. She was still many times arrested and acquitted.

 
         H  - 2815

Marusarzowna Helena 15.1.1918 -12.9.1941
Poljska smučarka med obema vojnama. V času druge svetovne vojne so jo Nemci zaradi sodelovanja v uporu ustrelili.

Polish skier in time before WW II. She was executed by the Nazis for her part in the resistance.

       
                   
PL - 1002-1003

Marvingt Marie 20.2.1875  –  14.12.1963

Marie Marvingt was a world-class athlete who won numerous awards in different sports. In 1903 started mountain climbing, becoming the first woman to climb most of the peaks of the French and Swiss Alps - including two ascents of one in the same day. The French Academy of Sports gave her a medal in March 1910  "for all sports". It was the only one that the award was given for more than one sport. She was balloon pilot and the first female to fly a balloon across the North Sea and the English Channel from Europe to England. In 1909 Marie Marvingt had her first flight in a fixed wing aeroplane and in 1910 she became the third woman in the world with pilot licence. In WWI she piloted bombers in missions over Germany, so she is probably the first woman pilot to actually participate in combat operations. She was the most decorated woman in the history of France, with more than 34 medals and decorations.
www.earlyaviators.com/emarving.htm

 
                    F - 3832

MARY Duchess of Burgundy 1457 - 1482

Mary Duchess of Burgundy, also known as Mary the Rich was first sovereign lady of the Netherlands. In 1477, Mary inherited all Burgundian possessions, but this was disputed for the fact that she was a woman. With her Great Privilege she established peace and quiet in the Dutch provinces. Mary’s marriage to Maximilian of Habsburg would determine the international position of the Netherlands for several centuries. Her choice of partner rendered a union with France as well as an autonomous status impossible for the time being. Her provinces became the focus of European politics. Due to her personality and the obligingness of her reign, however, the unity of the major provinces of the Burgundian Netherlands was maintained.

NL - 3092


MasinA Giulietta 22.2.1921 - 23.03.1994

Masina began acting as a student with a group of university players in Rome. She performed in a radio play written by Frederico Fellini, a fellow student in 1942. The two were married the following year. She debuted on screen in a bit role in Rossellini`s Paisa 1946. For her work in Lattuada`s Without Pity 1948., her second film, she won the italian critics award for best supporting actress. After returnig briefly to the stage, she appeared in Fellini`s debut directorial effort, Variety Lights 1951, after which she gave up theater permanently and stuck to making films. Her role in Fellini`s La strada 1954, established her as a star. For her  portrayal of a prostitute in his The nights of Cabria 1956, she won Cannes Film festival Best Actress award. Fellini has said that she was his muse and that many of his film were inspired by her. Her career, however, was hampered after the late `50s by her nearly-exclusive association with Fellini, who went on to include her in Juliet of the Spirits 1965 among others.

   
          
I - 2405


MATHES Eva - Bengtsson

 
           L - 1408

Mastora Thodhori 1916 - 1944
Albanska partizanka.

Albanian patriot, partisan.

AL - 2263

Matikainen Marjo 3.2.1965 -
Finska tekačica na smučeh je komaj 19 letna na zimskih OI 1984 v Sarajevu v štafeti 4 x 5 km osvojila bronasto medaljo.  Na naslednjih OI v Calgariju je v teku na 10 km drugo olimpijsko bronasto medaljo. Tretjo medaljo je osvojila v teku na 5 km, ko je zadnjih metrih za 1,3 sekunde premagala Rusinjo Tihonovo. Leta 1988 je prenehala z aktivnim tekmovanjem in se posvetila študiju. Leta 1999 je bila izvoljena v evropski parlament. Posvetila se je borbi proti kajenju.
Na znamki FI-1236 je tudi Kirvesniemi Hämäläinen Liisa.

In 1984, at the Sarajevo Games, Marjo Matikainen won a bronze medal in the 4x5km relay when she was only 19 years old. Four years later at the Calgary Games, she gained another bronze medal in the 10km race. In the 5km contest, she moved ahead of Tamara Tikhonova's pace after four kilometres and then used every bit of her remaining strength to push herself across the finish line 1.3 seconds faster than Tikhonova, before collapsing. Matikainen earned a third bronze medal. Tehn she stopped with competitions in order to pursue her academic studies. She was elected to the European Parliament in 1999 and distinguished herself as an anti-tobacco activist.
On stamp FI-1236 is also Kirvesniemi Hämäläinen Liisa.

 

        
 FI - 1236
MATLOVIČOVÁ-KRÁLOVÁ Martina 24.12.1975 -

She is Slovak artist, which won the previous Biennial BIB Golden Apple. She studied at the Academy of Performing Arts in the Department of Animation. She, however, concentrates mostly on book illustrations, which earned her several awards. Her work is characterized by the use of combined techniques – painting is often supplemented by collage which completes the whole illustration compositionally. Illustration creation for children is a progressive and innovative thing with ironic humour and some exaggeration needed. Illustrations appear easily and freely in the book which was also the reason why this work was awarded the BIB Golden Apple.
On stamp
SK-667 is her illustration from the book Tracy’s Tiger.

    

             SK - 667
Maurier Daphne du 13.5.1907 - 19.4.1989
Angleška pisateljica, ena najbolj popularnih pisateljic 20. stoletja. Je avtorica lažjih romanov, ki jih odlikuje napeta zgodba, jasno zarisani značaji in romantična skrivnostnost. Njena glavna dela: Jamaica Inn (1936), The Kings`General (1946), Frenchman`s Creek (1942) Sestrična Rachel (1951).

Daphne du Maurier is one of the most popular novelist of 20th century. She began writing short stories in 1928, and in 1931 her first novel, The Loving Spirit was published. It received rave reviews and further books followed. Then came her most famous novels, Jamaica Inn (1936), Frenchman's Creek (1942), My Cousin Rachel (1951) and Rebecca. Each novel being inspired by her love of Cornwall, where she lived and wrote.

 
         GB -
1650
Maurina Zenta 15.12.1897 - 25.4.1978
Latvijska pisateljica.

Latvian author. She studied at University of latvia. From 1919-40 she published over 20 works in Latvian and German. In 1944 she left Latvia and lived in Sweden. She worked as assistant professor at University of Upsala. From 1965 she lived in Germany,  where she died.

   
               LV - 423                              LT - 879                    LV - 652

Maurstad Tordis 24.12.1901 - 10.1.1997

Tordis Maurstad  belonged to Norway's acting elite for several decades. She was well equipped when she made her way to the capital from her hometown Kristiansund. Her father, Albert Witzae, was a culture bearer there and inspired in the young Tordis a love of words and of writing. However, she was attracted to the theatre. She was given her first acting job at Det Norske Teatret (The Norwegian Theatre) in 1923. Her first parts were not very challenging, but she was given more important roles as time went on. She often played opposite Lars Tvinde and Edvard Drablas.In the course of 58 years as an actress, Tordis Maurstad played 160 parts.

  
        N - 1417

MAVRINA Tatjana 1902 - 1996
Sovjetska grafičarka, ilustratorka in umetnostna zgodovinarka.
Na znamki in privesku
CZ-2521 sta njeni ilustraciji iz Puškinove Pripovedka.

Russian painter and ilustrator. In 1976 in The International board on Books for Young People she won Hans Christian Andersen Award for her ilustrations.
On stamp and on label
CZ-2521 are her ilustrations from Pushkin`s Narrative.

  
                
CZ - 2521

Mayer Helene 10.12.1912 - 15.10.1953
Nemška sabljačica, na pol Judinja, olimpijska zmagovalka 1928 in druga na OI v Berlinu 1936, Živela je v ZDA in je pristala nastopiti v nemški olimpijski reprezentanci, ko je dobila uradno zagotovilo, da materi in bratu, ki sta živela v Nemčiji, režim ne krati državljanskih pravic.

She was helf Jewish sportwoman (fencer) who competed for Nazi Germany in the 1936 Summer Olympics (she won silver medal), despite having being forced to leave Germany and resettle in the United States. Mayer was only 13 when she won the German women's foil championship in 1924. By 1930, she had won 6 German championships. She won a gold medal in fencing at the 1928 Summer Olympics.
 

  
         D - 564

MAYER Ursula

    
                  
A - 3162

MAYRISCH de Saint Hubert Aline  22.8.1874 - 1947

Aline Mayrisch de Saint Hubert was born in Luxembourg. She married engineer Emile Mayrisch in 1894 who, in 1911, was one of the main workers involved in setting up the ARBED steelworks consortium. A passionate lover of art and literature, Aline Mayrisch turned the family château at Colpach into a literary salon and meeting place for artists, writers, philosophers, and politicians. On her death in 1947, she bequeathed the château and most of her wealth to the Luxembourg Red Cross. The château became home to the Emile Mayrisch Foundation and has been used as a convalescent home by the Red Cross since 1949.

    
               L - 1480

MAZE Tina  2.5.1983 - 
Slovenska alpska smučarka je na olimpijskih igrah v Vancouvru 2010 je osvojila dve srebrni medalji - v superveleslalomu in veleslalomu.

Slovenian skier won two silver medals on Winter Winter Olympics in Vancouver 2010: giantslalom and supergiantslalom.
On sheet
SI-861/862 is also Majdič Petra.

   

                                 SI -861

McAuley Catherine 29.9.1787 - 1841

Catherine McAuley foundress of the Sisters of Mercy was born in Dublin. She devoted herself to the education and care of Dublin`s poor. She purchased a plot of land in Baggot Street and there years later she opened her house of Mercy. The religious order of Our Lady of Mercy came into being in 1831.

  
            IE - 380

McALLISTER Helen

Designer Helen McAllister has an MA in embroidered textiles and is head of fashion and design at the National College of Art and Design, Dublin. She was the winner of the inaugural Golden Fleece award in 2002. Her work has moved from 2D image based hangings to 3D form making.

IE - 1972

Mcauliffe Christa 2.9.1948 - 28.1.1986

School teacher Sharon Christa Corrigan McAuliffe was selected in July 1985 to be the first private citizen to fly in space. Her highly publicized mission ended in disaster, however, as the US space shuttle Challenger exploded shortly after liftoff from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral. McAuliffe and six other crew members were killed. A longtime space enthusiast, McAuliffe attended Marion High School in Framingham, Mass., and earned her bachelor's degree in education from Framingham State in 1970. She taught junior high school students in suburban Maryland from 1970 to 1978 and also earned a master's degree in teaching administration from Bowie State College. McAuliffe taught history and civics. She also served as president of the teachers' union. When President Ronald Reagan announced in mid-1984 that he wanted to send a teacher on a space flight to highlight the importance of the profession, McAuliffe was a social studies teacher at Concorde High School. She was selected from more than 11,000 teachers who applied for the shuttle mission.


                      H -
3812

McBRIDE Maud Gonne 20.12.1865 - 27.4.1953 

She (on label of sheet IE-941) was an English-born Irish revolutionary, feminist and actress, best remembered for her turbulent relationship with William Butler Yeats. In 1900, she founded "Daughters of Ireland", a revolutionary women's society, to provide a home for Irish nationalist women who, like herself, were considered unwelcome in male-dominated nationalist societies. In April 1902, she took a leading role in Yeats's play Cathleen Ní Houlihan. Of Anglo-Irish stock and birth, she was won over to Irish nationalism by the plight of evicted people in the Land Wars. She was also active in Home Rule activities.
On label of sheet are also:
Sinead Bean de Valera and Constance Markiewicz. On stamp IE-941 is Gregory Isabela Augusta.

 

                               
IE - 941

McClintock Barbara 16.6.1902 - 2.9.1992

Geneticist Barbara McClintock, won the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for discovering in her work with corn that genes can transfer their positions on chromosomes. McClintock earned (1927) a Ph.D. in botany from Cornell University and worked at several institutions before joining (1941) the Carnegie Institution of Washington, with which she was affiliated while working at her own laboratory in Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Her discovery of mobile genetic elements, from research in the 1940s and '50s, was published in 1953 but drew little attention. It has since proved significant in understanding several human diseases and hereditary processes in general.

  
           S - 1575

McGuinness Norah 7.11.1903 - 22.11.1980

Na znamki IE - 306 je njena slika: Kuhinjska miza.

Norah McGuinness was born in Derry and received her early education at the Victoria High School. She knew from an early age what career she intended to follow. She attended classes at the Dreey Tehnical School but her real artistic trainin began when she came to Dublin in 1921 and became a student at the College of Art, then known as the Metropolitan School of Art. She married the poet Geoffrey Phibbs in 1925 and later became involved in theatrical designing, doing the sets and costumes for number of plays. Among her contemporaries were Mainie Jellett, W. B. Yeats, Evie Hone and Nano Reid. She was elected President of the Irish Exhibition of Living Art in 1943 and was elected an Honorary Member of the Royal Hibernian Academy in 1957. Her paintings have been exhibited in galleries in Ireland, England, France, Italy and USA.
On stamp IE-306 is her painting: Kitchen Table.

  
           IE - 306

McKENNA Siobhan 24.5.1922 - 16.11.1986

She (on label of sheet IE - 940, on stamp  IE-1118)was still in her teens when she became a member of an amateur Gaelic theatre group and made her stage debut at Galway's Gaelic Theatre in 1940. Her original name was Siobhan Giollamhuire Nic Cionnaith and was versatile Irish actress best known for her portrayals of such impassioned characters as Shaw's Saint Joan and Pegeen Mike, the lusty innkeeper in John Millington Synge's most famous play, The Playboy of the Western World.
On label of sheet are also:
Eva Gore-Booth and Ria Mooney. On stamp IE-940 is Bennett Louie.

     
        IE - 1118                                      IE - 940
McLOUGHLIN Deirdre 1949 -

Irish ceramist Deirdre McLoughlin makes high-fired biomorphic sculpture, which is polished with diamond pads. McLoughlin received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1972, before travelling to Amsterdam, The Netherlands, where Rosemary Andrews’ sculptures inspired her to work with clay. In 1982 the work of the Sodeisha Group and a sculpture by Isamu Noguchi brought her to Kyoto, Japan, where she established a studio and took classes with the Kyoyaki master Tousai Sawamura. In 1985 she returned to Dublin, where she worked until returning to Amsterdam in 1988 where she is still based. In 2004 she won Keramik Europas 2004 Westerwaldpreis which brought her work to international attention.
www.deirdremcloughlin.com

      
                IE - 1969
     
many thanks to Deirdre
  for her autograph on stamp

McPHAIL STEWART Catherine 30.10.1887 - 1974
Britanska zdravnica je študirala v univerzi v Glasgowu. Leta 1915 je v okviru škotske ženske bolnice prišla v Srbijo. Po koncu prve svetovne vojne je ostala v Srbiji. V Sremski Kamenici je leta 1934 ustanovila otroško bolnico za zdravljenje tuberkuloze kosti in sklepov. Nagrajena je bila z ordenom  sv. Save 5. in 4. stopnje, za zasluge po vojni pa še orden sv. Save 3. stopnje. Odlikovana je bila tudi z redom britanskega imperija.

She studied medicine at Glasgow University and came to Serbia in 1915 with Scottish Women`s Hospital. After the war she remained in Serbia, where she founded the first children`s hospital in Serbia. In 1934 in Sremska Kamenica she founded the English-Yugoslav Children`s Hospital for treatment of tuberculosis of bones and joints. She was awarded the Order of St. Sava of V and IV degree and for her merits in postwar Belgrade she received the Order of St. Sava III. She received one of Britain`s greatest honors - the Order of the Britsh Empire.
  

            RS - 642

Medvedova Zuzka 5.10.1897 - 11.2.1985
je slovaška akademska slikarka rojena v Jugoslaviji. Študirala je v Zagrebu in Pragi.

She was a very well-known Jugoslavia/Czech landscape, portrait, history-painter and illustrator, she studied at the Academy of Arts in Zagreb and then under prof. Ferdinand Engelmüller 1920/21, J.Loukota, J.Obrovsky and M.Svabinsky 1923/29 at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague, her paintings reflect the artists interest in Moravian country life and folk costumes.

 "Poroka" - "Wedding"
   
         YU - 2722
Meir Golda 3.5.1898 - 8.12.1978
Izraelska političarka se je rodila v Rusiji, odraščala v Ameriki in se leta 1921 preselila v Palestino. Tu je odigrala pomembno vlogo pri ustanavljanju judovske države. V letih 1949-1956 je bila ministrica za delo, med leti 1969 in 1974 pa predsednica vlade Izraela. Po arabsko- izraelski vojni 1973 je doživela hude kritike, zato je aprila 1974 odstopila.

Golda Meir was the prime minister of Israel from 1969 to 1974. Born into a poor Jewish family in Kiev, Ukraine, she emigrated to Milwaukee, USA in 1906. She married Morris Myerson in 1917, and the couple emigrated to Palestine in 1921. In the years before and during World War II, Meir held key posts in the Jewish Agency (the highest Jewish authority in British-administered Palestine) and in the World Zionist Organization. After Israel proclaimed its independence in 1948, she was appointed ambassador to the USSR by Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, later serving as minister of labor (1949-56) and minister of foreign affairs (1956-66), as well as head of the Israeli delegation to the United States. Meir, who had adopted her Hebrew name in 1956, assumed the position of prime minister in 1969, after the death of Levi Eshkol. On Oct. 6, 1973, Egypt and Syria launched an attack, catching Israel by surprise. Although Israeli forces were able to rally and go on the offensive, Meir and her defense minister, Moshe Dayan, were criticized for being unprepared for the Arab attack. In the spring elections of 1974 the Labor party suffered a setback, and Meir--unable to form a government--resigned.

 
       B -
2917


Meitner Lise 7.11.1878 - 27.10.1968
Avstrijsko-švedska fizičarka Lise Meitner  je skupaj z nečakom Ottonom R. Frischom leta 1939 objavila teoretično razlago jedrske fizije. Po doktoratu leta 1906 na Dunajski univerzi je začela z raziskovalnim delom pri Ottu Hahnu. Leta 1917 sta odkrila element protaktinij, predhodni element iz katerega se tvori aktinij. Meitnerjeva je postala vodja (1917-38) fizikalnega oddelka na Kaiser Wilhelm inštitutu za kemijo v Berlinu. Pred nacisti je pobegnila na Švedsko kjer je nadaljevala z delom. S svojim teoretičnim delom je pomagala razjasniti odnos med gama in beta žarki.

The physicist Lise Meitner , together with her nephew Otto R.  Frisch,  published in 1939 a theoretical interpretation of nuclear fission. After receiving (1906) her doctorate from the University of Vienna, Meitner began her research career in 1907 with the radiochemist Otto Hahn. In 1917 they discovered protactinium, the precursor substance from which actinium is formed. Meitner then became head (1917-38) of the physics department of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry in Berlin. Fleeing Nazi persecution, she resumed her work at the Nobel Institute in Sweden. Her theoretical work helped to clarify the relationships between beta and gamma rays.

            
        A - 1588             D - 1366           Berlin - 812

MELBA Nellie 19.5.186 - 23.2.1931
Avstralska sopranistka Dame Nellie Melba s pravim imenom Helen Porter Mitchell je ena najbolj znanih pevcev pozne viktorijanske dobe in začetka 20. stoletja. Je prva mednarodno priznana avstralska klasična glasbenica. Prevzela si je psevdonimom "Melba" po rojstnem Melbournu.

Dame Nellie Melba, born Helen Porter Mitchell, was an Australian operatic soprano. She became one of the most famous singers of the late Victorian era and the early 20th century. She was the first Australian to achieve international recognition as a classical musician. She took the pseudonym "Melba" from Melbourne, her home town.

 
                    MC - 3296

Meličkova Hana 27.1.1900 - 7.1.1978
Slovaška gledališka igralka je bila od 1926 do 1976 članica Slovaškega narodnega gledališča (razen v letih od 1939-1946).
 
From 1926 until 1976 she was a member of the Slovak National Theatre, with an interruption in the period 1939 - 1946. Through her multifacetted acting performance she has created the most significant characters of the international and local dramatic repertoire. She acted as impersonator of the Shakespeare's characters (Offelia and Gertruda in Hamlet, Lady Macbeth in Macbeth, Quickly in Merry Widows from Windsor) she played the title roles in the Henrik Ibsen's plays (Hedda Gabler) , in the Leo Tolstoi's dramas (Anna Karenina) and she has mastered a wide gallery of portraits of Slovak women (Beta and Žofia in Tajovsky's play Properties-Confusions, Mara and Dora in the play Woman's law, Herodias in the Hviezdoslav's tragedy Herodes and Herodias). Since the beginning of the regular radio broadcasts in 1926, she has regularly acted in the radio dramas and plays, she acted in films and in television. She was awarded the title of National Artist in 1961.

  
    
        SK - 361
MELIDONI Aniopi 11.10.1977 -
Članica grške olimpijske water polo ekipe, ki je na OI 2004 v Atenah osvojila srebrno medaljo.

She won silver medal OG 2004 Athene: greek water polo team.

  
          
GR -2255

Melnikaite Marite 1923 - 1943

Soviet heroine, partisan and the hero of the Soviet Union. She was born in Zarasai. She entered the Red Army (the 16th division) in 1942. She was sent to the back of Germans where she took part in partisan activities. Germans captured her and shut. In 1944 she was given the name of the hero of Soviet Union.

SZ - 1501


Menchu Rigoberta 9.1.1959 - 

Rigoberta Menchu, a Guatemalan Indian who became a spokesperson for indigenous peoples throughout the Americas, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992. Born and reared in Guatemala's southern highlands, she went into exile in Mexico in 1981 after her father, mother, and brother were killed by the Guatemalan military in separate incidents. Her testament, I, Rigoberta Menchu (1983), gained international attention.

  
                 N - 1406

MenČikova Vera 16.2.1906 - 26.6.1944
Češka šahistka je leta 1927 zmagala na prvem ženskem svetovnem šahovskem prvenstvu v Londonu. Menčikova  je zmagala z lahkoto, osvojila je 10,5 točk od 11. V 30h letih je dvakrat igrala dvoboj za SP z Nemko Sonjo Graf (leta 1934 in 1937) in obakrat visoko zmagala. V letih od 1927 do 1939 je bila svetovna šahovska prvakinja. Vera Menčik je bila prva šahistka, ki je enakovredno nastopala tudi na moških turnirjih. Ona, njena sestra in mati so bile ubite v Londonu on nemškem bombnem napadu.

She was born in Moscow, Russia. Her father was Czech and her mother was British. The family moved to England in 1921. FIDE established the 1st world championship for women in 1927. She won in this championship and than in all next 8 shampionships in: Hamburg 1930, Prague 1931, Folkestone 1933, Warsaw 1935, Stockholm 1937 and Buenos Aires 1939. She was World's Women Champion from 1927 until her death. She, her sister Olga and mother were killed in a bombing raid in Kent in England. A V-1 bomb hit their home.

              
             YU - 3017                      CZ - 102

Mercouri Melina 18.10.1925 - 6.3.1994
Grška igralka in političarka je najprej nastopala v gledališču v Atenah, od konca šestdesetih let 20. stol. pa tudi na Brodwayu. Prvo filmsko vlogo je odigrala 1955 v filmu Stella. Svetovni uspeh pa je dosegla s filmom Nikoli v nedeljo (1960). Ker je bila levičarsko usmerjena in politično aktivna jo je vojaška oblast izgnala 1967 iz Grčije. Po padcu hunte 1974 se je vrnila. V letih 1981-89 in 1993 je bila grška ministrica za kulturo.

Outstanding Greek woman. She fought for democracy against the junta of 1967-74. She was theatre and film actress with much success in theatre where she played in ancient Greek tragedies and medern playes. She was Greek Minister of Culture from 1981-89.  

                        
 
                                                               
GR- 1870/1873
Merian Maria-Sibylia 2.4.1647 - 13.1.1717
Nemška slikarka, bakrorezka in raziskovalka žuželk. Najprej se je posvečala slikanju cvetja in rastlin, nato pa biološkega okolja rastlin. Proučevala je žuželke na Surinamu in o  svojih raziskavah objavila knjigo Metamorfoza surinamskih žuželk.(1705), opremljeno z lastnimi bakrorezi.  

She was a naturalist and scientific illustrator who studied plants and insects and made detailed paintings about them. Her detailed observations and documentation of the metamorphosis of the butterfly make her a significant, albeit not well known, contributor to entomology. In 1699 she traveled to Surinam whre she worked for two years, travelling around the colony and sketching local animals and plants. Back in the Netherlands she sold specimens she had collected and published a collection of engravings about the life in Surinam. In 1705 she published a book Metamorphosis Insectorum Surinamensium about the insects of Surinam.
 

       
        
 D -1331          Berlin - 788
Merici Angela sv. (st.) 21.3.1474 - 27.1.1540
Italjijanska nuna ustanoviteljica uršulinskega reda, ki je najstarejši ženski red v Rimskokatoliški cerkvi. Svojo mladost je preživljala pri svojem stricu ob Gardskem jezeru. Pridružila se je laičnemu "tretjemu redu" sv. Frančiška. Ko se je pri dvajsetih vrnila v rojstni kraj, je zbrala skupino deklet, ki so vaške otroke učile katekizem. Leta 1506 je imela videnje, v katerem ji je bilo naročeno naj v Brescii ustanovi družbo devic. Leta 1535 se je skupaj s 28 spremljevalkami posvetila bogu s prisego deviškost. S tem je nastal red svete Uršule, legendarne mučenice iz četrtega stoletja. Naloga reda je bila poučevanje verske vzgoje mladih deklet. Leta 1537 je bila soglasno izvoljena za predstojnico reda.

She was born in Italy and lived at her uncle. In 1524, while making a pilgrimage to the Holy Land, she became suddenly blind, but continued her journey to the Holy Places and was cured on her return while praying before a crucifix at the same place where she was struck with blindness a few weeks before. When, in 1525, she had come to Rome to gain the indulgences, Pope Clement VII, who had heard of her great holiness and her extraordinary success as a religious teacher of young girls, invited her to remain in Rome; but Angela, who shunned publicity, returned to Brescia. There in 535, Angela chose twelve virgins and laid the foundation of the order of the Ursulines in a small house near the Church of St. Afra in Brescia. Having been five years superior of the newly-founded order, she died. She was beatified in 1768, by Clement XIII, and canonized in 1807, by Pius VII.

  
        VA - 126               VA -
996-998
MERZ Marisa 1931 -

She is an Italian sculptor, widow of artist Mario Merz. She now lives in Milan. In 1967, for her first solo exhibition, Marisa made a folded aluminium foil installation. She was also one of the people involved in the Arte Povera + Azione Povera exhibition the following year in Amalfi.

Marisa Merz: Testa

LI - 1575

MESSAGER Annete 30.11.1943 -
Francoska vizualna umetnica, ki trenutno  živi in dela v Franciji je leta 2005 prejela za svoje delo v francoskem paviljonu Zlatega beneškega leva. Leta 2016 je prejela nagrado Praemium Imperiale, ki jo podeljuje japonska ob podpori njihove cesarkse družine.

A French visual artist won in 2005 the Golden Lion Award at the Venice Biennale for her artwork at the French Pavilion. In 2016, she won the prestigious Praemium Imperiale International Arts Award. She currently lives and works in Malakoff, France.

 
                   F - 6957


MIANKOVA Aksana 28.3.1982 -
Beloruska metalka kladiva je na olimpijskih igrah 2008 v Pekingu osvojila zlato medaljo z olimpijskim  rekordom 76,34 m (na znamki BY-819).
Na priveskih
BY-blok-77 so ostale beloruske dobitnice medalj na OI 2008 v Pekingu:
Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Julija Bičik, Natalija Helakh, Natallia Mikhnevich, Nadzeya Ostapchuk , Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Glafira Martinovich, Ksenia Sankovich, Olesya Babushkina, Zinaida Lunina.

She is a Belarusian hammer thrower. She won the Olympic gold medal in 2008 with a throw of 76.34 metres, an Olympic record (on stamp BY-819).
On labels of sheet BY-blok-77 are also other Belrus women winners of medals in OG Bejing: Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Julija Bičik, Natalija Helakh, Natallia Mikhnevich, Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Glafira Martinovich, Ksenia Sankovich, Olesya Babushkina, Zinaida Lunina.

    

               BY - blok-77, BY - 819

MICHAELIS Caroline Wilhelma de  Vasconcelos 15.03.1851 - 16.11.1925
Portugalska pisateljica

Portuguese novelist, distinguished herself in teaching. She was the first woman to be admitted as a professor at the Coimbra Faculty of Arts.

      

                P - 2369                    P - 3464

Michel Louise 29.5.1830 - 9.1.1905
Ustanoviteljica Društva za zaščito pravic žena v času pariške komune. Borila se je na barikadah. Ena najbolj znanih žena članic Nacionalne garde.

She was French anarchist who fervently preached revolutionary socialist themes. Rejecting parliamentary reform, she believed in sensational acts of violence and advocated class war.

 
             F - 2540
Michel-Levy Simone 19.1.1906 - 10.4.1945

Simone Michel-Lévy is one of the great heroes of the French resistance. After elementary education she moved with her parents to Chauny in the region of l'Aisne where she in 1922, at the age of sixteen and a half, started to work in the administration of the French Post. From the very beginning of the German invasion and occupation of France she was opposed to the French capitulation and from December 1940 she became a member of the French resistance movement. In 1943 she was arrested by gestapo and tortured. She was kept in women concentration camp Ravensbrück and in camp Holleischen (Holysov) where she was executed. She received several medals and distinctions posthumously. 

 
    
 F - 1295

Micle Veronica  22.4.1850 - 3.8.1889
romunska pesnica.

Romunian poetess, whose work was influenced by Romanticism. She is best known for her love affair with the poet Mihai Eminescu, one of the most important Romanian writers. Micle made her publishing debut in Noul Curier Român (1872), with two romantic sketches published under the pen-name Corina. She published her poems, influenced by Eminescu, in Columna Lui Traian (1874). She also contributed to Familia (1879), Revista Nouă and Revista Literară.

  
       MD - 348

Miegel Agnes 9.3.1879 - 26.10.1964
nemška pisateljica.

German author, journalist and poet.

  
        D - 1001

MIFSUD Elena 1906 - 1989
slikarka: Parson`s lodge.

    
                  GI - 625

MIHELIČ Mira 14.7.1912 - 4.9.1985
Slovenska pisateljica in prevajalka Mira Mihelič je bila dvakrat dobitnica Prešernove nagrade (1950, 1983), predsednica Društva slovenskih pisateljev (1963–1966) in slovenskega centra PEN (1966–1975) in je kot dobra opazovalka življenjskega okolja v svojem literarnem ustvarjanju oblikovala podobo slovenskega meščanskega salona že v svojih prvih pripovedih (Obraz v zrcalu, 1941). To okolje in čas je sprva doživljala z radoživim pogledom, kar se je kmalu spremenilo v dozorelo kritičnost: njena pripoved tedaj spoštljivost zamenja z ironijo, navdušenje z odvračanjem, pripadnost k meščanstvu z begom iz njegovega sveta. O moralnem razkroju meščanskega sveta govorijo tudi njena dramska besedila s tematiko druge svetovne vojne in okupacije (Svet brez sovraštva, 1945, Ogenj in pepel, 1949), ki se jim pridružijo še  dramska besedila s karakterno in dialoško komiko. Romane s tematiko slovenskega meščanstva je kasneje deloma preurejene ponovno izdala v izboru z naslovom Plamen ali dim. Zgodbam o družbeni in psihološki podobi meščanstva v zgodovinskih prelomnih krizah sta nato sledili še dve knjigi mladinske proze in dva zgodovinska romana, prvi o intrigantskem življenju v stari rimski Emoni (Tujec v Emoni, 1978) in drugi o času ljubljanskega kongresa (Cesta dveh cesarjev, 1981). Mira Mihelič je v svojih romanih pripovedovalka vznesenih, dinamičnih zgodb, živahne fantazije, odlična poznavalka človeških nravi, ki se odkrivajo v izjemno spretno oblikovanih literarnih portretih in pomenljivih dialogih. Kot prevajalka iz angleške, francoske in nemške književnosti je prevedla več kot osemdeset pripovednih in dramskih besedil izstopajočih avtorjev. Svojemu pripovednemu delu je pisateljica dodala tudi spominski zapis Ure mojih dni (1985).

The writer and translator Mira Mihelič a double Prešeren Award winner (1950, 1983), was president of the Slovene Writers' Association (1963–1966) and of the Slovene PEN centre (1966–1975); a good observer of the life around her, in her earliest works she painted a picture of life among the Slovene bourgeoisie (Obraz v zrcalu [Face in the Mirror], 1941).

    
            
SI - 947

MIKHNEVICH Natalia 25.5.1982 -
Beloruska suvalka krogle je bila na mladinskem svetovnem mladinskem prvenstvu tretja, na OI 2004  in na svetovnem atletskem finalu pa peta. Leta 2006 ja na svetovnem dvoranskem prvenstvu zmagala z osebnim rekordom 19,84 m. Na OI 2008 v Pekingu pa je osvojila srebrno medaljo.
Na znamki BY-819 je Aksana Miankova.
Na priveskih
BY-blok-77 so še druge beloruske dobitnice medalj na OI 2008 v Pekingu: Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Julija Bičik, Natalija Helakh, Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Glafira Martinovich, Ksenia Sankovich, Olesya Babushkina, Zinaida Lunina. 

She is a Belarusian shot putter. She finished third at the 2000 World Junior Championships, but first appeared on the international athletics scene at the 2004 Olympics, where she finished 5th. She repeated this position at the World Athletics Final later that year, and in 2005 she was able to win the bronze medal in this meet. In 2006 she won the World Indoor Championships in Russia with a new personal best throw (indoor) of 19.84 metres. She won a silver medal in Women's shot put at the 2008 Summer Olympics.
On stamp BY-819 is Aksana Miankova.
On labels of sheet BY-blok-77 are also other Belarus women winners of medals in OG Bejing: Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Julija Bičik, Natalija Helakh, Nadzeya Ostapchuk , Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Glafira Martinovich, Ksenia Sankovich, Olesya Babushkina, Zinaida Lunina.

     
                 BY - blok-77, BY - 819
MILEVA Leda 5.2.1920 -

She ia a Bulgarian author of poetry and plays for children and translations from English, Russian and French.
Author of more than 30 poetry volumes. Permanent representative of Bulgaria to UNESCO.


   
            BG - 4946

MILIĆEVIĆ Ognjenka

    
              RS - 594

Millard Michelle

  

       
Jersey - 584

MiNelli Liza 13.3.1946 -
Ameriška pevka in filmska igralka, hči Judy Garland, je v filmu nastopila že s tremi leti. Leta 1963 je debitirala na Brodwayu v predstavi Best Foot Forward. Nastopala je predvsem v musicalih. Pomembnejši filmi: Cabaret (1972), New York, New York (1976), Arthur (1981). Za vlogo v Kabareju je dobila oskarja.
Na znamki BG-4187 je tudi Sofia Loren.


She is an American actress and singer. She is the daughter of legendary actress and singer Judy Garland and her second husband, film director Vincente Minnelli. In 1972, she won an Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in Cabaret and two of her records have been certified gold.
On stamp
BG-4187 is also Sofia Loren.

 
       BG - 4187
Miorin Nataly

  
     
 Jersey - 582

Mirčeva Minčeva Detelina

Na znamki BG-2410 je tudi  Paškilova Todorova Ivanka.


On stamp BG-2410 is also Paškilova Todorova Ivanka.

 
     
            BG - 2410
Mistral Gabriela 7.4.1889 - 10.1.1957
Čilenska pesnica s pravim imenom Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga je poučevala na srednjih šolah in sodelovala pri reformi šolskega sistema v Mehiki. Od 1933 je bila čilska konzulka v Madridu, Lizboni, Genovi, Nici in OZN. Psevdonim je sestavila iz imen svojih dveh najljubših pesnikov Gabriela d`Annunzia in Frederica Mistrala. Osrednja tema njene tople čustvene lirike je ljubezen. Njene pesniške zbirke: Pesmi (1904), Soneti smrti (1904), Obup (1922), Sporočila (1957). Leta 1945 je kot prva ženska umetnica Južne Amerike prejela Nobelovo nagrado za literaturo.

Gabriela Mistral was the pen name of the Chilean poet Lucila Godoy Alcayaga,  the first Spanish-American writer to win the Nobel Prize (1945). She enjoyed a continental reputation as a humanitarian and educator, and, together with several other writers, contributed greatly to postmodernist verse. Mistral won a poetry contest in 1914 with Sonetos de la muerte (Sonnets of Death), which were inspired by a tragic love affair and grew into a larger and her best collection, aptly entitled Desolacion (Desolation, 1922). Her only other books of poetry are Ternura (Tenderness, 1924), Tala (Destruction, 1938), and Lagar (Winepress, 1954). Mistral's poems deal with nature, biblical motifs, death, platonic love, and especially love of children and of the dispossessed; they are permeated by feelings of sadness, compassion, asceticism, unsatisfied maternal longing, and communion with the land.

  
         E - 2893

Mišanović Vesna 27.11.1964  -
Bosanska šahovska velemojstrica, državna prvakinja Jugoslavije 1988.

She is a Bosnian chess player who holds FIDE Woman Grandmaster title. She was winner of the first medal ever for the Bosnia and Herzegovina at the European Team Championship in Debrecin 1992. It was individual silver medal for best rating performance and result at first board. Before that, she won two bronze medals by playing for Yugoslav national selection at Chess Olympiad Thessalonica 1988. It was one team medal and one for the result on fourth board. In total, she participated at six Chess Olympiads, two times for Yugoslavia (4th board in Thessalonica 1988 and 2nd board in Novi Sad 1990) and four times for Bosnia and Herzegovina (1st board in Manila 1992, Moscow 1994, Elista 1998 and Istanbul 2000). IN 1988 she was Yugoslav Chess Champion.   

                          

                         BA - 147                                          BA - 149-150

MITCHELL Joan  12.2.1925 - 30.9.1992

An American expressionist painter and printmaker was a member of the American Abstract expressionist movement. She spent most of her life in France, where she died.

  
              F - 5803


Modersohn-Becker Paula 8.2.1876 - 20.11.1907

Paula Modersohn-Becker, developed an antiromantic, consciously primitive style that anticipated 20th-century German expressionism. While her friends painted vast landscapes at the artists' colony of Worpswede, outside Bremen, Modersohn-Becker singled out individual forms, such as a burly peasant or a massive barn. These compositions, inspired by the works of Paul Cezanne, Vincent van Gogh, and Paul Gauguin, were not well received during the artist's short life. Many of her paintings are preserved in the Paula Modersohn-Becker Museum in Bremen.

              
          D - 1854                  D - 1359         Berlin - 806

Modrzejewska Helena 12.10.1840 - 9.4.1909
Poljsko-ameriška gledališka igralka je v svojem repertoarju imela več kot 260 shakespearjanskih in sodobnih vlog. Rodila se je na Poljskem. Poročila se je z igralcem Gustavom Modrzejewskim in z njim ustanovila potujočo gledališko skupino. Leta 1868 se je drugič poročila s politikom in literarnim kritikom Karlom Božento Chlapowskim. Preselila v Varšavo, kjer je ostala vrsto let. Njene glavne tragične vloge so bile Shakespearjeve Ofelija, Julija, Desdemona in kraljica Ana iz Richarda III, Schillerjeva princesa Eboli in druge. Njene najboljša vloga iz komedij je bila Beatrice iz Shakespearjeve komedije Mnogo hrupa za nič. Leta 1876 je z možem in skupino prijateljev odšla v Kalifornijo. Tu je leta 1877 doživela zmagoslavni sprejem v San Franciscu. Z uspehi v mestih vzhodnih ZDA si je zagotovila ugled velike igralke. Kljub svojemu poljskemu naglasu je bila ena najuspešnejših ameriških shakesperjanskih igralk v letih 1880-1890. Kljub slovesu v novi  domovini se je redno vračala na Poljsko.

Polish-American actress whose repertory includes 260 Shakespeares and contemporary some roles, some in both Polish and English. The daughter of a musician, she married an actor, Gustav Modrzejewski, and they joined a company of strolling players. In 1868 she married Count Bozenta Chlapowski, a politician and critic, and began to act at Wassaw, where she remained for number of years. Her chief tragic roles were Shakespeare`s Ophelia, Juliet, Desdemona and Queen Anne in Richard III,  Schiller`s Pricess Eboli…. In comedy her favourite roles  included Beatrice in Much Ado About Nothing. She also Played in modern pieces by Dumas, Gabriel Legouve, Ostave Feuillt….In 1876 she went with his husband to California, where they settled on a rach. This enterprise was failure, and She returned to the stage,. She appeared in San Francisco in 1877 in an English version of Adrienne Lecouvreur, in which she was very successful despite her poor English. She continued to act principally in the USA but also was seen from time to time in London, where in 1881 she fulfilled her ambition to play Shakespeare on an English stage and elsewhere in the Unirted States.

                                
                           PL - 2777                               PL - 2402                            PL - 458 

   PL - 466

Moliner Maria 30.3.1900 - 22.1.1981

Was a Spanish librarian and lexicographer. She is known for her prestigious Diccionario de uso del espańol, first published in 1966-1967, when she completed the work started in 1952.

  
         E - 2975

Monroe Marilyn 1.6.1926 - 5.8.1962
Ameriška filmska igralka s pravim imenom Norma Jean Mortenson je odraščala v reji. Delala je v tovarni streliva, kasneje je bila fotomodel. 1946 je začela igrati stranske vloge, od leta 1952 pa glavne vloge lepe plavolase naivke. Sredi petdesetih let 20. stol. je bila seksualni simbol ameriškega filma. Poročena je bila s pisateljem Arturjem Millerjem. Umrla je domnevno zaradi prevelike količine zaužitih tablet. Pomembnejši filmi: Moški imajo raje plavolaske (1953), Kako se poročiti z milijonarjem (1953), Sedem let skomin (1955), Nekateri so za vroče (1959).
Na znamki BG-4185 je tudi Marlene Dietrich.(njeno ime je napisano na levi strani znamke), toda v resnici je prikazana
Greta Garbo.
Na znamki N-1216 je tudi Foss Wenche.

Marilyn Monroe, born Norma Jeane Mortenson (or Baker), Los Angeles, after rising from bit parts, became one of the most celebrated film personalities of her time. Hers was the classic show-business tragedy. Stardom seemed a burden; being an international sex goddess, even more so. Her second husband was baseball star Joe DiMaggio. Following her third marriage, to playwright Arthur Miller, she struggled to understand theories of acting and wanted to star in the classics. When this effort proved fruitless, she became so difficult to work with that she was virtually unemployable. Yet in the handful of comedies in which she starred her personal ebullience and freshness transcend her limitations: Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953), The Seven Year Itch (1955), The Prince and the Showgirl (1957), and Some Like It Hot (1959). She also performed competently in two dramatic roles, Bus Stop (1956) and The Misfits (1961). She died from an overdose of sleeping pills, possibly a suicide.
On stamp BG-4185 is also Marlene Dietrich (name is written on left side of stamp), but on stamp is depicted Greta Garbo.  
On stamp N-1216 is also Foss Wenche.

                                  
           BG - 4185                      BA - 94                         F - 3770                             H - 4298

              
       
                         GI - 744                                    N - 1216                                D -2219

MoNtessori Maria  31.8.1870 - 6.5.1952
Leta 1894 je kot prva ženska v Italiji diplomirala na medicinski fakulteti. Že kot asistentka na kliniki se je začela zanimati za psihologijo vzgoje majhnih in duševno prizadetih otrok. Leta 1907 je v revni četrti San Lorenzo v Rimu ustanovila svojo prvo šolo za normalno razvite otroke. V praksi je dokazala učinkovitost novih metod učenja: odpovedala se je avtoritativnosti, začela je uporabljati igrala in delovne pripomočke. Njene metode še sedaj uporabljajo po vsem svetu.

Maria Montessori, an Italian physician-educator, devised the educational method that bears her name. She was the first woman in Italy to receive a medical degree and began her career working at the University of Rome's psychiatric clinic. Her experience there with retarded children led her to found the State Orthophrenic School of Rome. She extended her methods to normal children in 1907 by opening her first Casa dei Bambini (Children's House) in a Rome slum. This house also proved successful, and many other Montessori schools were established. After she fled the Italian Fascist government in 1934, she worked in Spain and South Asia before settling in the Netherlands,

      
             I - 1314                                I-3148

MONTIEL SARA 10.3. - 8.4.2013
Španska pevka in igralka, mednarodno znana v špansko govoreči glasbeni in filmski industriji.

Sara Montiel was a Spanish singer and actress a much-loved and internationally known name in the Spanish-speaking movie and music industries.

    
              E - 4904
MOONEY Ria 1903 - 1973

Ria Mooney (on label of sheet IE - 940) was an actor, director and writer. She joined the Abbey Theatre in 1924 and played lead in the first production of The Plough and the Stars. She went on to produce and direct in New York and, back in Dublin from the 1940s, in the Gate, the Abbey and the Gaiety.
On label of sheet are also:
Eva Gore-Booth and  Siobhan McKenna. On stamp IE-940 is Bennett Louie.


                     
 IE - 940
MORAITI Antonia 2.5.1977 -
Članica grške olimpijske water polo ekipe, ki je na OI 2004 v Atenah osvojila srebrno medaljo.

She won silver medal OG 2004 Athene: greek water polo team.

  
             GR -2255

MORAITIDOU Evangelia 26.3.1975 -
Članica grške olimpijske water polo ekipe, ki je na OI 2004 v Atenah osvojila srebrno medaljo.

She won silver medal OG 2004 Athene: greek water polo team.

  
          
GR -2255

MORAVCOVA Martina 16.1.1976 -
slovaška plavalka

Slovak sportwoman - swimmer. Her incredible collection of 67 medals including 2 Olympic (2000 Sydney: silver medal 100 m butterfly, silver medal 200 m freestyle), 22-World and 43-European, along with 3-World, 16-European and 203-Slovakian records prove Martina is a force in any meet. She is destined to go down in FINA World Cup history for winning an amazing 104-gold medals and becoming the overall winner of the World Cup Series three times. 

SK - 462


MORAY Gray Kathleen Eileen Moray Gray 9.8.1878 - 31.10.1976

She was an Irish furniture designer was an Irish furniture designer and architect and a pioneer of the Modern Movement in architecture. She was, undeniably, a designer of genius, and her work traversed the Art Deco period and the Modernist Movement, leaving a mark on the 20th century and, along with Le Corbusier and Mies Van Der Rohe, she defined modernity.

 
                           IE - 2145-2148
MORCH Dea Trier  9.12.1941 - 26.5.2001

She was a Danish artist, novelist, and socialist.

    
            DK - 1606


MORE Hannah 1745 - 1833

Hannah More was the most prominent female Abolitionist. She publicised the anti-slavery message through her poems, plays and religious writings. 1788 she published A Poem on the Inhumanity of the Slave-Trade. The poem focused on her home town, the city of Bristol, and the shame she felt at its role in the slave trade.

    

            GB - 2512
MOrfova Vasileva Cristina 24.4.1889 - 6.1936

Bulgarian dramatic/coloratura soprano studied with Maria Pivodova in Prague and with Jaques Isnardon in Paris. Her debut was at the Czech Theater in Brno singing Marie in The Bartered Bride in 1910. This amazing singer's repertory ranged from The Queen of the Night and Lakme to Fidelio and Dalibor. She also wrote, had a publishing house, taught throughout her career. Christina Morfova died in an automobile accident. She was called the Bulgarian Nightingale.

 
        
        BG - 2038
MORGAN Anne 26.7.1873 - 29.1.1952

An American philanthropist provided relief efforts in aid to France during and after World War I and World War II. Morgan was educated privately, traveled frequently and grew up amongst the wealth her father had amassed. She was awarded a medal from the National Institute of Social Science in 1915, the same year she published the story The American Girl. In 1932 she became the first American woman appointed a commander of the French Legion of Honor.

  
          F - 6693
MORGAN Lina 20.3.1936 - 19.8.2015

Lina Morgan (María de los Ángeles López Segovia) was one of Spain's most beloved  and famous actresses. She lived her whole life in the old-fashioned neighbourhood of La Latina. In the 1960s she began to get small roles in films and became a box-office phenomenon starring in a half dozen titles. She managed to create her own persona, breaking the norms of the era. Later she would work in television and theatre, becoming the owner of the iconic Teatro de La Latina. The stamp features a lovely image of the actress with a small silhouette of one of her most remembered characters: the country girl come to town.

E - ?2017
MORGAN Sally 18.1.1951 -

She is an Australian Aboriginal author, dramatist, and artist. Morgan's works are on display in numerous private and public collections in both Australia and around the world.

  
                                        UN-Vienna - 151


MORISOT Berthe 14.1.1841 - 2.3.1895
Francoska impresionistična slikarka je študirala z znanimi slikarji, med drugim tudi z Corotom. Bila je prijateljica Maneta, služila mu je kot model za nekaj njegovih znanih del.

Na znamki
F-3114: Zibelka.
Na znamki
F-4031: Lov na metulje.
Na znamki
F-5286: Mlada žena.
Na znamki
F-5297 slika slikarja Edouarda Moneta: Morisot Berthe.

French impressionist painter. She studied with many gifted painters, including Corot. She formed a close friendship with Manet, who became her brother-in-law, and she served as model for several of his best-known paintings. The two greatly influenced each other's artistic development. Her own later work inclined toward pure impressionism in its rendering of light, while retaining an unusual smoothness of brushwork. Her paintings formed an important addition to all but one impressionist exhibit from 1874 through 1885. Her most notable works, including Young Woman at the Dance (1880; Paris) and La Toilette, are painted in clear, luminous colors. Her early subject matter included landscapes and marine scenes; later she most frequently painted tranquil portraits of mothers and children. Morisot's works have been particularly popular in the United States, and many important works are in American collections.

                    
                 F - 4031                       F - 3114                          MC -1032                   F - 5286
    
        F - 5297            F - 6417

Morisson Toni 18.2.1931 -
Ameriška romanopiska s pravim imenom Chloe Anthony Wofford je študirala književnost na univerzah Howard in Cornell. V svojih delih je posebej prizadeto opisovala usodo in življenjske izkušnje črnskega prebivalstva ZDA, predvsem ženske ter njihov boj za kulturno identiteto sredi socialne neenakosti in zapostavljenosti. Glavna dela: Najmodrejše oko (1970), Sula (1973), Salomonova pesem (1977), Ljubljena (1987), Jazz (1992). Leta 1993 je prejela Nobelovo nagrado.

She is one of the most prominent authors in world literature, having won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1993 for her collected works. Several of her novels have taken their place in the canon of American literature, including The Bluest Eye, Beloved (winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction), and Song of Solomon. Morrison's writings are notable for their epic themes, vivid dialogue, and richly detailed African American characters. In recent years, Morrison has published a number of children's books with her son, Slade Morrison.

  
         S - 1801

Morozova Anja 1921 - 1944
ruska partizanka.

Russian partisan.

 
       SU - 3215

MORRIS Mary "May" 25.3.1862 - 17.10.1938

She was an English artisan, embroidery designer, socialist, and editor. May learned to embroider from her mother and her aunt Bessie Burden.In 1881, she enrolled at the National Art Training School, the precursor of the Royal College of Art, to study embroidery. In 1885, aged 23, she became the director of the embroidery department at her father's enterprise Morris & Co.

    
             GB - 3212

MOSCHOLIOU Vicky 23.5.1943 - 16.8.2005

She was a Greek singer.

GR - ?2010

MOTESICZKY Marie Louise von 24.10.1906 - 10.6.1996

She was an Austrian painter. born to an aristocratic family. Marie attended art schools in various locations around Europe including Vienna, Paris (at the Montparnasse Painting Academy) and Berlin. In 1928, Max Beckmann invited her to join his masterclass at the Städelschule in Frankfurt am Main, where she honed her craft. On stamp A-3030: Selfportrait.

    
             A - 3030

MOURA Alexandra 1973 -
Portugalska modna oblikovalka je študirala modno oblikovanje na univerzi IADE v Lizboni. Sodelovala je na številnih modnih revijah na Portugalskem in Španiji. Od leta 2001 prodaja svoje kolekcije v eni najbolj znanih lizbonskih trgovin Moda Lisabon Dizajn.

  
                                    
 P - 2868

MUhina Vera 19.6.1889 - 6.10.1953
sovjetska kiparka

Soviet sculptor studied in Paris under E. Burdel. On her return to Riga she continued her studies with Kārlis Zale and made her mark with the sculpture Worker and Peasant Woman, which stood atop the Soviet pavilion at the Paris Expo of 1937. Later, the Mosfilm Studio adopted it as its emblem. It is also believed that it was Vera Muhina who saved the Freedom Monument by persuading Stalin not to pull it down.

            
        SU - 5962                     SU - 3688                    SU - 2031

MUKKALA Sussane
finska slikarka: Učenec

Finish painter. On stamp: Pupils.
On stamp is also painting of Helene Schjerfbeck.

    

                       FI - 1905

MUIR Jean 17.7.1928 - 28.5.1995

She was a British fashion designer. 

    
            GB - 3258
Mujo Yilka

AL - 1932

MUNOZ Eunice 30.7.1928 -

Portuguese actress was born into the arts of the spectacle, starts her career in the National Theatre in 1941.

     

                    P - 3667

MURRAY HOPPER Grace  9.12.1906 - 1.1.1992
Ameriška pionirka računalništva, ena prvih programerk računalnika Harvard Mark I. Prva je razvila prevajalnik za računalniški programski jezik. Predstavila je zamisel o strojno neodvisnih programskih jezikih, kar je vodilo do razvoja jezika COBOL, enega od prvih sodobnih visokonivojskih jezikov. Velja za avtorico priljubljenega izraza »razhroščevanje« za iskanje in odpravo računalniških napak na podlagi resničnega nočnega metulja, ki so ga dejansko odstranili iz računalnika (hrošč). Zaradi širine njenih dosežkov in mornariškega čina jo včasih imenujejo »Osupljiva Grace« (Amazing Grace). Po njej se imenuje mornariški rušilec USS Hopper (DDG-70) in superračunalnik Cray XE6 »Hopper« v nacionalnem raziskovalnem računalniškem središču NERSC v Oaklandu, Kalifornija.

She is pioneer in the field of informatics, who developed the first compiler for a computer programming language and created one of the first modern computer programming languages - COBOL - which were developed independently from equipments. She was an U.S. Navy Rear Admiral. A destroyer - USS Hopper and a supercomputer - Cray XE6 Hopper were named after her.

    
                     RO - 6704

Muvahhit Bedia  16.1. 1897 - 20.1.1993
Turška gledališka igralka

Turkish actress.

    
                TR - 3171
MUZIČUK Ana 28.2.1990 -
Ukrajinska šahistka je od leta 2004 zastopala Slovenijo na mednarodnih tekmovanjih. Od leta 2014 zopet nastopa za Ukrajino. Na mladinskem svetovnem prvenstvu. leta 2010 je osvojila 1. mesto.

Ukrainian chess player since 2004 has represented Slovenia at international competitions. From 2014, again acting for Ukraine. At the Junior World Championships. in 2010 she won 1st place.

    
                    
UA - 1511

MUZIČUK Marija
21.09.1992 -
Ukrajinska šahistka.

Ukrainian chess player.

    
                   
UA - 1511


MYHRE Wenche
1947 -

She had her first big hit in 1962 with  Katta vĺr. She took part in the Norwegian heats for the Eurovision Song Contest in 1964 with La meg vćre ung. Though only third in the heats, this song was clearly the real winner and became a huge hit. Wenche Myhre soon won international acclaim. She had the honour of representing Germany in the ESC in London in 1968 and started singing with well-known Swedish entertainer Povel Ramel the same year. She has always been very popular in Norway.

    
                
N -1761
MYLONAKI Anthoula
6.10.1984 -
Članica grške olimpijske water polo ekipe, ki je na OI 2004 v Atenah osvojila srebrno medaljo.

She won silver medal OG 2004 Athene: greek water polo team.

  
          
GR -2255
Myrdal Alva
31.1.1902 - 1.2.1986

Alva Reimer Myrdal,  a sociologist, former diplomat, and former Swedish cabinet member. One of the Myrdals' major works was The Crisis in the Population Question (1934). Alva Myrdal served as Sweden's disarmament negotiator to the United Nations (1962-73) and as a cabinet minister in charge of disarmament and church affairs (1966-73). From 1973 on, she wrote and lectured on disarmament; for these efforts she was awarded the 1982 Nobel Peace Prize, with Alfonso Garcia Robles of Mexico. Her books include The Game of Disarmament (1977).

  
                 
S - 1698
MYSTAKIDOU Elisavet
14.8.1977 -
Grška športnica, dobitnica srebrne medalje na OI 2004 v Atenah v tekwandoju v kategoriji 57-67 kg.

Greek sportwoman won silver medal OG 2004 Athene: in taekwondo 57-67 kg women.

  
         
GR - 2257

gor - up