MAARIT Hurmerinta 10.11.1953 -
Finsko pevko leta 1972 odkril Atte Blom. Je
vnukinja italijanskega glasbenika Michela Orlanda. NJena hčerka je tudi
pevka znana pod umetniškem imenom Janna.
She is a Finnish
singer and musician. She is granddaughter of Italian musician Michele
Orlando. Maarit's daughter Janna Hurmerinta is also a singer known by her
FI - 2003
Ena najpomembnejših švedskih oblikovalk
modernega tekstila. Bila je mojster oblike, črte in kompozicije.
Märta Mĺĺs-Fjetterström was a
central figure in modern Swedish Textile-Art. She was a master of form, line
S - 2903
Poljska veslačica je na OI 2016 skupaj z
Magdalena Fularczyk (je tudi na znamki PL-4888) osvojila zlato
medaljo v dvojnem dvojcu.
Polish rower won gold medal in women's double
sculls competing in partnership with Magdalena
Fularczyk (also on stamp PL-4888)
at 2016 Summer Olympics.
PL - 4888
MAENPAA Outi 24.2.1962 -
Finska televizija igralka je svojo kariero
začela v gledališču kot odrski igralec med 1984 in 1988. Od leta 1989 se
redno pojavlja na finski televiziji. V oktobru 2007 je igrala v finskem
filmu Musta jaa (Black Ice) - na znamki FI-2218.
a Finnish television actress began her career in theatre as a stage actor
between 1984 and 1988. Since 1989 she has appeared regularly on Finnish
television. In October 2007 she starred in the Finnish movie Musta jää
(Black Ice) - on stamp FI-2218.
FI - 2218
Maeztutu Maria de
18.7.1881 - 7.1.1948
Španska vzgojiteljica. Ustanovila je domove za dekleta, orvi kjer so se
lahko dekleta pripravljala za višjo šolo. Vodila je oddelek sveta za
napredne študije, kjer so testirali nove metode poučevanja. Leta 1919 je
poučevala na univerzi Columbia in drugih ameriških univerzah.
Udeležila se je številnih konferenc o izobraževanju in psihologiji v
Argentini, ZDA, Mehiki in Veliki Britaniji.
Spanish educator. Founded Residence for misses, the first centre in Spain to prepare women for college. Later directed Preparation Section of Council of Advance Studies where new methods of teaching were tested. Lectured at Columbia University and other American universities 1919. Conducted many conferences on education and psyhology in Argentina, USA, Cuba, Mexico and England 1926-31.
E - 2870
13.3.1814 - 13.6.1886
She was an Italian
woman of letters and backer of the Risorgimento, usually known by her
married name of countess Clara Maffei or Chiarina
Maffei. She is well-known for the salon she hosted in via dei Tre Monasteri
in Milan, known as the "Salotto Maffei". Starting in 1834 and organised by
Tommaso Grossi and Massimo d'Azeglio, it attracted several well-known
literati, artists, scholars, composers and pro-Risorgimento figures to meet
to discuss art and literature. These included Alessandro Manzoni, Francesco
Hayez (who painted a portrait of Clara which he then gave to her husband),
Giuseppe Verdi and Giovanni Prati.
I - 3451
Magnani Ana 7.3.1908 - 26.9.1973
Italijinska filmska igralka je igrala v gledaliških hišah in skupinah, od 1934 tudi v manjših filmskih vlogah. Prodor je dosegla z vlogo v enem najpomembnejših italijanskih neorealističnih filmov R. Rossellinija Rim odprto mesto (1945). Mojstrsko je upodabljala čutne, impulzivne ženske like iz malomeščanskega in proletarskega okolja. Pomembnejši filmi: Lepotica (1951), Zlata kočija (1952), Tetoviran roža (1955), Divji veter (1958), Mama Rim (1962). Za vlogo v filmu Tetovirana roža je prejela oskarja za glavno žensko vlogo.
She was a singer and stage actress before finding her true calling on the big screen. Magnani had a bit part in the silent
Scampolo (1927) and made her talkie debut with another small role in
Cavalleria (1936), directed by her husband, Goffredo Alessandrini (1904-78). After several other roles, she was given international exposure in Roberto Rossellini's neorealistic
Rome Open City (1945), which showcased the passionate sensuality that would capture movie audiences. Her extraordinary dual role in Rossellini's
L'Amore (1948) solidified her stardom. Magnani's part as the leading lady of an acting troupe in 18th-century South America in Jean Renoir's
Golden Coach (1952) is considered by many to be her finest film performance. It was for her earthy widow in Tennessee Williams's
Rose Tattoo (1955), however, that she won the Academy Award for best actress. Although she was nominated again for
Wild Is the Wind (1957), that and subsequent vehicles failed to elicit from Magnani the magic that had been hers.
I - 2527
SM - 2213 I - 3225
I - 2061
I - 3933
Silvana 21.4.1930 - 16.12.1989
She was an Italian
actress. She trained as a dancer and worked as a model before winning a "Miss
Rome" beauty pageant in 1946. This led to work in films; she achieved a
notable success in Bitter Rice (1949) and continued working in films
for almost four more decades. She was a favorite star between the 1950s and
1970s, appearing in Anna (1951), The Gold of Naples (L'oro di
Napoli, 1954), Mambo (1955), Theorem (Teorema, 1968), Death
in Venice (Morte a Venezia, 1971), and The Scientific Cardplayer
I - 2062
Alice Maher is one of
Ireland’s most respected and influential artists. Her works including
painting, sculpture, photography and animation. On stamp: Petterned
MAILLAN Jacgueline 11.1.1923 - 12-5-1992
Francoska filmska igralka.
F - 5447
Maimunkova Ana 1878 - 1925
bolgarska komunistka in herojina.
communist and heroine.
BG - 1155
MAJDIČ Petra 22.12.1979 -
slovenska tekačica na smučeh v zgodovini tega športa. V svetovnem pokalu je
osvojila 20 zmag in s tem po številu zmag prehitela smučarskega skakalca
Primoža Peterko. Na svetovnem prvenstvu v Saporu 2007 je pritekla do srebrne
medalje v šprintu v klasični tehniki, kar je tudi prva slovenska medalja v
smučarskem teku na velikih tekmovanjih. Med svojimi lovorikami pa ima tudi
dva mala kristalna globusa v skupnem seštevku tekaških šprintov za svetovni
pokal v sezonah 2007/2008 in 2008/09 ter bronasto olimpijsko medaljo na
Zimskih olimpijskih igrah 2010 v klasičnem sprintu. Trikrat je bila izbrana
za slovensko športnico leta.
Slovenian sportwoman -
cross-country skiing. On Winter Olympics in Vancouver 2010 she won broze
medal in clasical sprint.
1919 - 1993
She is Belarusian actress,
People’s artist of Belarus and the former USSR. In 1938 Makarova
finished the dramatic studio of Belarusian theatre named after Yanka
Kupala (later National Academic Theatre named after Yanka Kupala). Then
she was admitted into its company. Galina Makarova worked there all her
life. She played a great number of parts in the theatre; many of them
were women from common folk. She also played in many films. Spectators
remember her for such films as “Ivan”, “Farewell of Slav girl”, “Young
wife”, “Girls, don’t marry anybody”, “White clothes”, “White dews” and
others. The last film work of Makarova was the part of the grandmother
Shumilka in the comedy film “Pustelga” by Sergey Rusakov.
BY - 783
Ruska igralka je leta 1948
diplomirala na moskovski državni univerzi za film (imenovana po S. A.
Gerasimov) in začela igrati v državnem filmskem gledališču. Leta 1949 je
dobila Stalinovo nagrado za vlogo Lyubov Shertsove v filmu Mlada garda
ražiserja Sergeja Gerasimova (prizor iz filma je nas znamki
She is a
Russian actress. In 1948 she graduated in the Gerasimov Institute of
Cinematography in Moscow and began to work as an actress at the State Film
Actor Theater. In 1949, she was awarded the Stalin Prize for her role as
Lyubov Shertsova in Sergei Gerasimov's film The Young Guard (on stamp
is scene from film). In 1985, she was awarded the designation of People's
Artist of the USSR.
SU - 3121
MaKsimović Desanka 16.5.1898 - 11.2.1993
Srbska pesnica in pisateljica. Pred 2. svetovno vojno je pisala v glavnem intimne lirske pesmi, po osvoboditvi pa se v njenih delih pojavijo številni rodoljubni motivi o Srbiji in uporu. Zaradi svoje neposrednosti, čustvenosti in enostavnega izražanja je bila zelo priljubljena. Pesniške zbirke: Pesmi (1924), Vrt otroštva, Zeleni vitez (1930), Vonj zemlje (1983)…. Napisala je tudi roman Uporni razred (1960) in zbirko novel Norost srca (1931).
She was a
Serbian poet, professor of literature and a member of Serbian Academy
of Science and Arts. Desanka was a professor of Serbian language in several
schools (Belgrade, Obrenovac, Dubrovnik..). Her poetry spoke about love and
patriotism; it was enthusiastic and youthful, yet serious and sensitive. It
is said that the Serbian language is best sung in the poems of Desanka
YU - 2868
1868 - 1942
Romunian painter: Self-portrait.
MD - 741
Malinovsky Lise 1957 -
Danish painter and
graphic designer. Born in Copenhagen. Malinovsky apprenticed as a weaver in
1974, and from 1976-79 she studied at the School of Applied Art in
Copenhagen - her childhood dream was to become a weaver, meanwhile her
artistic temperament did not fit with the discipline of art handicraft, so
in 1979 she began studies at The Danish Royal Academy of Fine Arts in
Copenhagen under Stig Broegger and Robert Jacobsen, in 1985 she graduated
from the Royal Academy. In her own expressionistic manner Malinowsky has
executed paintings on gigantic canvases, she uses strong brushstrokes and
powerful colours - her motifs are e.g. exotic animals, bullfighters, flowers,
human figures, portraits and more abstract compositions. In 2001 she created
the Tivoli-poster, for the Copenhagen amusement park Tivoli, the motif was
the old animal carousel. Her works have been shown in many exhibitions in
Denmark and abroad, and she has received quite a few grants.
DK - 1220
MAMELI CALVINO Eva
Botanistko in naravoslovko Evo Mameli Calvino
je na znamki prikazana s cvetočo "Fumaria", ki je bila predmet prve njene
študije objavljene leta 1906.
naturalist Eva Mameli Calvino, flanked by the flowering plant of the "Fumaria",
the subject of his first study published in 1906.
1817 - 1883
Mánesová was born to a family of famous painters. On her father Antonín
Mánes' wish she painted mainly landscapes although she tried also
figural painting; she was said to have a gift for the latter. She
painted also fruit and flower still-lives. She was also an important
teacher. She run a special painting and drawing school in Spálená Street
in Prague and she also taught pupils from aristocratic families. One of
her pupils was Zdenka Braunerová who later became a famous painter. She
joined her brother Josef on his painter's expeditions to the Krkonoše
Mountains, to Dresden, to the Hrubá Mountain, she stayed in Vienna and
the Austrian Alps. Her paintings gradually became richer in colours. The
postage stamp features an engraved version of her painting Vrbičany
Castle where she stayed as a guest. The painting is now in National
Art Gallery in Prague.
CZ - 532
11.10.1878 - 6.6.1919
Po pomoti je bila leta 1914
mobilizirana v francosko vojsko, kjer je uspešno skrivala svoj spol. Bila je
edina ženska zdravnica v francoski vojski. Kot prostovoljka je delovala na
fronti pri Verdunu.
She was the only
female doctor assigned to the front during the First World War. Mobilized by
mistake August 2, 1914, she hides her feminine and volunteered requirement
to practice in Verdun.
F - 6097
Grška atletinja, metalka kopja je bila rojena v
Albaniji. Leta 1977 se je poročila z grškim dvigalcem uteži Georgom
Tzelilijem (rojenim v Albaniji) in s tem pridobila grško državljanstvo. Na
OI 2000 je osvojila srebrno medaljo z osebnim rekordom 67,51 m. Na OI 2004
pa je osvojila bronasto medaljo. Je tudi evropska prvakinja in dvakratna
Manjani born in Albania is a Greek javelin thrower. She married Greek
weightlifter George Tzelili (also Albanian born, Jorgo Xhelili) in 1997 and
thereby became a Greek citizen. She won a silver medal at the 2000 Summer
Olympic with a personal best of 67.51m, and a bronze medal at 2004 Olimpic
games in Athene. She is also a European champion and double world champion.
GR - 2256
8.5.1900 - 27.10.1985
Poljski igralka, pevka in operna
pevka (lirični sopran) in pevka operet je bila najbolj priljubljenih v času
med obema vojnama.
actress, singer and opera singer (lyric soprano) and operetta was one of the
most popular actresses and singers of the interwar period.
PL - 4741
MANN BORGESE Elisabeth
24. 4. 1918 - 8. 2. 2002
Mednarodno priznana strokovnjakinja za
pomorsko pravo in politiko ter varstvo okolja je ena od ustanoviteljev in
dolgo časa edina članica Rimskega kluba. Delala je kot univerzitetni
profesor na univerzi Dalhousie v Halifaxu v Kanadi. Bila je pobudnica in
organizator prve konference o pomorskem pravu na Malti leta 1970 z naslovom
"Pacem v Maribu" ("Mir v oceanih").
She was an internationally
recognized expert on maritime law and policy and the protection of the
environment. She was one of the founding members – and for a long time the
only female member – of the Club of Rome and worked as a university
professor at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Canada. She was the initiator
and organizer of the first conference on the law of the sea on Malta in
1970, with the title of "Pacem in Maribus" ("Peace in the Oceans").
D - 3375
21.12.1863 - 9.1.1928
A famous nurse known as pioneer of modern nursing
in Finland. She was daughter of a count and sister of a former Finnish President, marshal Carl Gustav Mannerheim. Her career started as a bank employee for 6 years until she got married in 1896. After her divorce in 1902 she was trained in nursing at the Nightingale School at St. Thomas Hospital in London. Returning home she was appointed as head nurse of Helsinki Surgical Hospital and later elected President of the Finnish Nurses' Association, a position she had for 24 years. As a result of her international involvement she was also elected President of the International Council of Nurses (ICN). Baroness Sophie Mannerheim was, together with Dr. Arvo Ylppö, founder of the Children's Hospital (Lastenlinna) in Helsinki as well as the Mannerheim League for Children's Welfare. For the latest, her brother was given the leadership.
FI - 1182
albanska filmska igralka
AL - 1927
MARACINEANU Stefania 18.6.1882 - 15.8.1944
famous in the scientific world as the physicist who discover artificial
radioactivity in 1924. This discovery was unjustly attributed to Irčne and
Frédéric Joliot-Curie, who received a Nobel Prize for it. Marie Curie’s
daughter provided in 1934 the moral compensation in an article published in
News Wiener Journal, strongly asserting that: “Miss Mărăcineanu
announced the discovery of artificial radioactivity in 1924”. As a result of
the close cooperation between Professors Bungetianu and Vasile Karpen,
Stefania Maracineanu caused in 1931 the first artificial rain in the world
on Baragan Plains. The radioactive salts were spread in the clouds by
aviator Bazu Cantacuzino.
RO - 6702
26.12.1931 - 8.5.2015
Slovenska slikarka grafičarka je diplomirala 1957 na Akademiji
za umetnost na univerzi v Ljubljani. Uveljavila se je predvsem z grafičnimi stvaritvami; od 1966, ko je prvič razstavljala na Mednarodnem grafičnem bienalu v Ljubljani, je sodelovala na mnogih tovrstnih razstavah. Prejela je Jakopičevo nagrado. Grafični izraz je razvijala predvsem v tehniki barvne jedkanice in akvatinte. Njena motivika je zožena na nekaj značilnih mimetičnih prvin (predvsem deli pohištva, drobni hišni inventar ter vsakdanji uporabni predmeti).
Studied painting and graphic art at Academy of Fine Arts in Ljubljana. She had many solo exhibitions and participated in the Graphic Art Bienales in Ljubljana. She won Grand Prix at second Biennale of Graphic Art in Freddenkstad.
27.1.1242 - 18.1.1271
King Bela IV of Hungary, she was destined for religious life from her birth
because of a promise her parents made to God when the Tartars were attacking
Hungary. Margaret was sent by her parents to live in a Dominican convent.
Margaret soon learned the office by heart and began acting like the older
sisters in the convent. She was canonized in 1943. Feast Day: January
- 755 H - 5918
H - 5918 H - 753
H - 569/575 H - 4201
18.3.1909 - 17.9.2003
was a composer, conductor, writer, professor at the Faculty of Music in
Belgrade and member of the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts. The most
powerful and outstanding creator in the history of Serbian music. Her opus,
in which she wonderfully connected voices from the far past with harmonies
and disharmonies of her own time, could be compared with the works of the
greatest authors in that century. Ljubica Marić is for the Serbian music
what was Olivier Messiaen for the French or Igor Stravinski for the Russian.
Her Byzantium Concert for piano and orchestra, the Music of Octoih
for orchestra, cantata the Threshold of Dream and the Song of
Space, the melodical recitation the Wizard for soprano and piano, the
Fabulous Milligram for voice and flute, could enter into every antology
of world music. The 100th anniversary of her birth entered the UNESCO
calendar as an important date for the world cultural heritage.
RS - 311
MariLlac Luise de
12.8.1591 - 15.3.1660
Usmiljenih sester Sv. Vincencija Pavelskega.
France. With St. Vincent de Paul in 1633, she founded the Daughters
of Charity, the first community of non-cloistered sisters, whose 25,000
members now serve around the globe. She was proclaimed a Saint of the Church
in 1934. In 1960 Pope John XXIII proclaimed her the Patroness of all Social
VA - 361
Marinković Sonja 1916 -
Srbska komunistka je
bila že kot študentka aktivna članica naprednega študentskega gibanja, predsednica mladinske sekcije ženskega gibanja, delegatka Vojvodine na Mednarodnem mirovnem kongresu v Parizu leta 1937.
Kot članico Komunistične partije jo je policija velikokrat aretirala. Med nemško okupacijo so jo Nemci ujeli, mučili in ustrelili. Za narodnega heroja je bila proglašena 25.10.1943.
As a student she was member of Progressive Student movement, President of youth section of Women`s Movement in Novi Sad, delegate of Vojvodina Youth at International Peace Congress in Paris 1937. She joined Communist party and often arrested by police. After German occupation she was arrested in 1941, tortured and shot. She was proclaimed as National Hero on Septembre 25, 1943.
YU - 2042
MARIZA 1973 -
singing fado as a child, before she could read. Her father sketched out
little cartoon stories to help her remember the lyrics. At the age of five,
she would join in the spontaneous singing at her parent's restaurant in
Mouraria, one of Lisbon’s most traditional neighborhoods.
P - 3784
4.2.1868 - 5.7.1927
The future Countess Constance Georgine Markieviez was born Constance Gore-Booth in London.
While studying art at the Slade School in London she met her husband, a Polish aristocrat, Count Casimir Markievicz.
They married in 1900 and subsequently settled in Dublin where she emerged on the political scene, first becoming active in the women’s suffragette movement. Her role in the nationalist movement began when she became involved in Sinn Fein. In 1910 she organised the protests against the visit of King George to Dublin. After a protest march she was arrested for burning a Union Jack, an inkling of her future militarism. The poverty in Dublin’s working classes distressed her and in 1912 she set up a network of free food kitchens for the poor. During the lockout of 1913 she strongly supported the workers. She fought for the Citizen Army in the 1916 Rising as part of the Citizen Army contingent, she was sentenced to death but was reprieved for political reasons. On 1917 a general amnesty was given to republican prisoners including Markieviez, who was being held in very poor conditions in Aylesbury prison. During the War of Independence she was arrested and imprisoned numerous times.
Her sister is
On label of sheet
Sinead Bean de Valera
Maud Gonne McBride.
Gregory Isabela Augusta.
IE - 206/207
IE - 941
IE - 2061
MARKLUND Liza 9.9.1962 -
She is a
Swedish journalist and crime writer. Her novels, most of which feature the
fictional character Annika Bengtzon, a newspaper journalist, have been
published in thirty languages. Marklund is the co-owner of Sweden's third
largest publishing house, Piratförlaget and a columnist in the Swedish
tabloid Expressen. She is also a Unicef ambassador. The Postcard Killers, a
crime thriller written in collaboration with American bestselling author
James Patterson, is Marklund's twelfth book. It was published on January 27,
2010, in Sweden, and became number one on the Swedish bestseller list in
February 2010. It was published on 16 August 2010 in the United States.At
the end of August, it reached number one on the New York Times best-seller
list, making Liza Marklund the second Swedish author (the first one being
Stieg Larsson with the Millennium Trilogy) ever to reach the number one
spot. Marklund lives in Spain with her husband Mikael.
S - 2770
3. 5. 1925 - 2. 7. 2011
Srbska igralka se je poleg gledališča in filma ukvarjala tudi s petjem,
posebno še z ruskimi romancami. Igrala je v vseh zvrsteh. Po anketi
»Večernje novosti« je peta največja srbska igralka 20. stoletja. Od leta
1951 je bila članica beograjskega dramskega gledališča. V svoji karieri je v
gledališču ustvarila več kot 150 vlog in posnela več kot 50 filmov.
In addition to the theater and film, the Serbian
actress also engaged in singing, especially with Russian romances. She
played in all genres. According to the newspaper "Vecernje novosti", she was
the fifth largest Serbian actress of the 20th century. Since 1951 she has
been a member of the Belgrade Drama Theater. In her career she has created
more than 150 roles in the theater and has recorded more than 50 films.
10.9.1860 - 1949
Ena najboljših madžarskih klasičnih igralk.
Na bloku H-3841 so tudi
Roza Deryne Szeppataki,
Lujza Blaha in
Hungary’s foremost classical actress.
sheet H-3841 are also
Roza Deryne Szeppataki,
Lujza Blaha and
H - 3841
21.9.1921 - 29.1.1943
She was an
anti-Nazi Resistance Fighter born in the Ukrainian Jewiish shtetl of Romny.
After the German invasion of the Soviet Union Tanya Markus and her father
decided to stay in the occuped city of Kiev as underground fighters and
commited there several acts of Resistance. Her father was shot in the ravine
of Babi Yar. She changed her identity, she was given a Georgian name,
Markusidze. She hoot more than 20 of German officers, including an SS
colonel. She was was caught, turtured and shoot by Gestapo in Babi Yar.
On 2006 she was posthumously awarded the title of Heroine of the Ukraine and
three years later her monument was unveiled in Babi Yar.
25.4.1892 - 1975
of the Medical Missionaries of Mary. During the WW I, she served as a
volunteer nurse in Malta, France and England and later in Nigeria. She saw
the world's need for healing and began to think of devoting her life to
bringing comfort and health to others. In 1937 she founded first mission in
Nigeria. In 1963 she
was awared with the Florence Nightingale Medal by the International Red
Cross in Geneva – conferred on nurses and voluntary helpers who have
distinguished themselves by gret devotion to sick and wounded persons
whether in times of war or of peace.
IE - 622
MARTINI Mia 20.9.1947 - 12.5.1995
Italijanska pevka in
tekstopiska. Njen prvi album Oltre la collina sodi med najboljša
italijanska dela vseh časov. Uspehi, kot je Padre davvero (1971),
Piccolo uomo, Donna sola (1972), Minuetto, Il guerriero (1973),
Inno (1974), Donna con te (1975), Che vuoi che sia ...
(1976) in Libera, Per amarti (1977) jo uvrščajo med največje
izvajalce italijanske glasbe sedemdesetih let.
She was an Italian singer and
on some occasions also a singer-songwriter. Her debut album, Oltre la
collina, is judged among the best Italian works ever made of all time.
Successes like Padre davvero (1971), Piccolo uomo, Donna sola (1972),
Minuetto, Il guerriero (1973), Inno (1974), Donna con te (1975), Che vuoi
che sia ... (1976) andLibera, Per amarti (1977) they consecrated her
among the absolute protagonists of Italian music in the seventies.
MARTINOVICH Glafira 4.2.1989 -
Beloruska gimnastičarka je na OI 2008 v
Pekingu osvojila bronasto medaljo v ekipi ritmične gimnastike.
so še druge beloruske
dobitnice medalj na OI 2008 v Pekingu:
Belarusian gymnast.competed at the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing
where she received a bronze medal in the rhythmic team competition.
On stamp BY-819
On labels of sheet BY-blok-77
are also other Belarus women winners of medals in OG
blok-77, BY - 819
MartiNson Moa 2.11.1890 - 5.8.1964
Swedish novelist (name: Helga Swartz) who was among the first to write about the agricultural labourer, the landless worker of the Swedish countryside known as "statare". The first half of her life was filled with poverty and misery, yet she retainedan ability to write about the life of the workers with warmth and humour. The mother of five children, she was widowed at 25 and struggled to support her family. After her second mariagge, to the proletarian writer Harry Martinson, she began a literary carrer and took the name Moa Martinson. Her most successful work is the autobiographical trilogy
Mor gifter sig - 1936 (Mother Gets Married), Kyrkbrollop -
1939 (The king`s Roses). Her later novels were about proletarian characters of the 18th and 19th centuries.
S - 1637/8
28.9.1897 - 30.12.1938
Hungarian chemist, communist.
She wanted to be a doctor but her family could not cover the costs of
university. This is why she became an X-ray-assistant at the
Charite-policlinic. She joined to the SZDP (Party of Socialdemocrats), she
belonged to the left wing. During the soviet republic she worked in the
childfriend movement. After the soviet republic had fallen, she took part in
the helping of interned people; she supported in particular the prisoners
of interncamp in Zalaegerszeg town. Later she got in touch with the illegal
communist movement in the restructured Alliance of Hungarian
Privateofficers. She got industrial-chemistry diploma and she worked in the
laboratory of Shell Petrol Company in Csepel. In 1927 she organised the Red
Grant, later she led it. She was arrested in 1930. She was in prison for 8
months. She was still many times arrested and acquitted.
H - 2815
Poljska smučarka med obema vojnama. V času druge
svetovne vojne so jo Nemci zaradi sodelovanja v uporu ustrelili.
skier in time before WW II. She was executed by the Nazis for her part in the
PL - 1002-1003
Marvingt Marie 20.2.1875 – 14.12.1963
Marie Marvingt was a world-class athlete who won numerous awards in different sports. In 1903 started mountain climbing, becoming the first woman to climb most of the peaks of the French and Swiss Alps - including two ascents of one in the same day. The French Academy of Sports gave her a medal in March 1910 "for all sports". It was the only one that the award was given for more than one sport. She was balloon pilot and the first female to fly a balloon across the North Sea and the English Channel from Europe to England. In 1909 Marie Marvingt had her first flight in a fixed wing aeroplane and in 1910 she became the third woman in the world with pilot licence. In WWI she piloted bombers in missions over Germany, so she is probably the first woman pilot to actually participate in combat operations. She was the most decorated woman in the history of France, with more than 34 medals and decorations.
F - 3832
Duchess of Burgundy 1457 - 1482
Mary Duchess of Burgundy, also
known as Mary the Rich was first sovereign lady of the Netherlands. In 1477,
Mary inherited all Burgundian possessions, but this was disputed for the
fact that she was a woman. With her Great Privilege she established peace
and quiet in the Dutch provinces. Mary’s marriage to Maximilian of Habsburg
would determine the international position of the Netherlands for several
centuries. Her choice of partner rendered a union with France as well as an
autonomous status impossible for the time being. Her provinces became the
focus of European politics. Due to her personality and the obligingness of
her reign, however, the unity of the major provinces of the Burgundian
Netherlands was maintained.
NL - 3092
MasinA Giulietta 22.2.1921 - 23.03.1994
Masina began acting as a student with a group of university players in Rome. She performed in a radio play written by Frederico Fellini, a fellow student in 1942. The two were married the following year. She debuted on screen in a bit role in Rossellini`s
Paisa 1946. For her work in Lattuada`s Without Pity 1948.,
her second film, she won the italian critics award for best supporting actress. After returnig briefly to the stage, she appeared in Fellini`s debut directorial effort,
Variety Lights 1951, after which she gave up theater permanently and stuck to making films.
Her role in Fellini`s La strada 1954, established her as a star. For her portrayal of a prostitute in his
The nights of Cabria 1956, she won Cannes Film festival Best Actress award. Fellini
has said that she was his muse and that many of his film were inspired by her. Her career, however, was hampered after the late `50s by her nearly-exclusive association with Fellini, who went on to include her
in Juliet of the Spirits 1965 among others.
I - 2405
Eva - Bengtsson
L - 1408
1916 - 1944
AL - 2263
Matikainen Marjo 3.2.1965 -
Finska tekačica na smučeh je komaj 19 letna na zimskih OI 1984 v
Sarajevu v štafeti 4 x 5 km osvojila bronasto medaljo. Na naslednjih
OI v Calgariju je v teku na 10 km drugo olimpijsko bronasto medaljo. Tretjo
medaljo je osvojila v teku na 5 km, ko je zadnjih metrih za 1,3 sekunde
premagala Rusinjo Tihonovo. Leta 1988 je prenehala z aktivnim tekmovanjem in
se posvetila študiju. Leta 1999 je bila izvoljena v evropski parlament.
Posvetila se je borbi proti kajenju.
Na znamki FI-1236 je tudi
Kirvesniemi Hämäläinen Liisa.
In 1984, at the Sarajevo Games, Marjo Matikainen won a bronze medal in the 4x5km relay when she was only 19 years old. Four years later at the Calgary Games, she gained another bronze medal in the 10km race. In the 5km contest, she moved ahead of Tamara Tikhonova's pace after four kilometres and then used every bit of her remaining strength to push herself across the finish line 1.3 seconds faster than Tikhonova, before collapsing. Matikainen earned a third bronze medal.
Tehn she stopped with competitions in order to pursue her academic studies. She was elected to the European Parliament in 1999 and distinguished herself as an anti-tobacco activist.
On stamp FI-1236
Kirvesniemi Hämäläinen Liisa.
MATLOVIČOVÁ-KRÁLOVÁ Martina 24.12.1975 -
Slovak artist, which won the previous Biennial BIB Golden Apple. She studied
at the Academy of Performing Arts in the Department of Animation. She,
however, concentrates mostly on book illustrations, which earned her several
awards. Her work is characterized by the use of combined techniques –
painting is often supplemented by collage which completes the whole
illustration compositionally. Illustration creation for children is a
progressive and innovative thing with ironic humour and some exaggeration
needed. Illustrations appear easily and freely in the book which was also
the reason why this work was awarded the BIB Golden Apple.
SK-667 is her illustration from the book Tracy’s Tiger.
SK - 667
Maurier Daphne du
13.5.1907 - 19.4.1989
Angleška pisateljica, ena najbolj popularnih pisateljic 20. stoletja. Je avtorica lažjih romanov, ki jih odlikuje napeta zgodba, jasno zarisani značaji in romantična skrivnostnost. Njena glavna dela: Jamaica Inn (1936), The Kings`General (1946), Frenchman`s Creek (1942) Sestrična Rachel
Daphne du Maurier is one of the most popular novelist of 20th century.
She began writing short stories in 1928, and in 1931 her first novel, The
Loving Spirit was published. It received rave reviews and further books
followed. Then came her most famous novels, Jamaica Inn (1936),
Frenchman's Creek (1942), My Cousin Rachel (1951) and Rebecca.
Each novel being inspired by her love of Cornwall, where she lived and wrote.
Maurina Zenta 15.12.1897 - 25.4.1978
Latvian author. She studied at University of latvia. From 1919-40 she
published over 20 works in Latvian and German. In 1944 she left Latvia and
lived in Sweden. She worked as assistant professor at University of Upsala.
From 1965 she lived in Germany, where she died.
LV - 423
LT - 879
LV - 652
24.12.1901 - 10.1.1997
Tordis Maurstad belonged to Norway's acting elite for several decades. She was well equipped when she made her way to the capital from her hometown Kristiansund. Her father, Albert Witzae, was a culture bearer there and inspired in the young Tordis a love of words and of writing. However, she was attracted to the theatre. She was given her first acting job at Det Norske Teatret (The Norwegian Theatre) in 1923. Her first parts were not very challenging, but she was given more important roles as time went on. She often played opposite Lars Tvinde and Edvard Drablas.In the course of 58 years as an actress, Tordis Maurstad played 160 parts.
N - 1417
MAVRINA Tatjana 1902 -
Sovjetska grafičarka, ilustratorka in umetnostna
Na znamki in privesku
sta njeni ilustraciji iz Puškinove Pripovedka.
painter and ilustrator. In 1976 in The
International board on Books for Young People she won Hans Christian
Andersen Award for her ilustrations.
On stamp and on label
ilustrations from Pushkin`s Narrative.
CZ - 2521
Mayer Helene 10.12.1912 - 15.10.1953
Nemška sabljačica, na pol Judinja, olimpijska zmagovalka 1928 in druga na OI v Berlinu 1936, Živela je v ZDA in je pristala nastopiti v nemški olimpijski reprezentanci, ko je dobila uradno zagotovilo, da materi in bratu, ki sta živela v Nemčiji, režim ne krati državljanskih pravic.
She was helf Jewish
sportwoman (fencer) who competed for Nazi Germany in the 1936 Summer
Olympics (she won silver medal), despite having being forced to leave
Germany and resettle in the United States. Mayer was only 13 when she won
the German women's foil championship in 1924. By 1930, she had won 6 German
championships. She won a gold medal in fencing at the 1928 Summer Olympics.
D - 564
A - 3162
MAYRISCH de Saint Hubert Aline 22.8.1874 - 1947
Aline Mayrisch de Saint Hubert was born in Luxembourg. She married engineer Emile Mayrisch in 1894 who, in 1911, was one of the main workers involved in setting up the ARBED steelworks consortium. A passionate lover of art and literature, Aline Mayrisch turned the family château at Colpach into a literary salon and meeting place for artists, writers, philosophers, and politicians. On her death in 1947, she bequeathed the château and most of her wealth to the Luxembourg Red Cross. The château became home to the Emile Mayrisch Foundation and has been used as a convalescent home by the Red Cross since 1949.
L - 1480
Tina 2.5.1983 -
Slovenska alpska smučarka je
na olimpijskih igrah v Vancouvru 2010 je osvojila dve srebrni medalji - v
superveleslalomu in veleslalomu.
skier won two silver medals on Winter Winter Olympics in Vancouver 2010:
giantslalom and supergiantslalom.
Catherine McAuley foundress of the Sisters of Mercy was born in Dublin. She devoted herself to the education and care of Dublin`s poor. She purchased a plot of land in Baggot Street and there years later she opened her house of Mercy. The religious order of Our Lady of Mercy came into being in 1831.
IE - 380
McAllister has an MA in embroidered textiles and is head of fashion and
design at the National College of Art and Design, Dublin. She was the winner
of the inaugural Golden Fleece award in 2002. Her work has moved from 2D
image based hangings to 3D form making.
IE - 1972
Mcauliffe Christa 2.9.1948 - 28.1.1986
School teacher Sharon Christa Corrigan McAuliffe was selected in July 1985 to be the first private citizen to fly in space. Her highly publicized mission ended in disaster, however, as the US space shuttle Challenger exploded shortly after liftoff from the Kennedy Space Center at Cape Canaveral. McAuliffe and six other crew members were killed. A longtime space enthusiast, McAuliffe attended Marion High School in Framingham, Mass., and earned her bachelor's degree in education from Framingham State in 1970. She taught junior high school students in suburban Maryland from 1970 to 1978 and also earned a master's degree in teaching administration from Bowie State College. McAuliffe taught history and civics. She also served as president of the teachers' union. When President Ronald Reagan announced in mid-1984 that he wanted to send a teacher on a space flight to highlight the importance of the profession, McAuliffe was a social studies teacher at Concorde High School. She was selected from more than 11,000 teachers who applied for the shuttle mission.
H - 3812
McBRIDE Maud Gonne 20.12.1865 - 27.4.1953
label of sheet
English-born Irish revolutionary, feminist and actress, best remembered for
her turbulent relationship with William Butler Yeats.
In 1900, she founded "Daughters of Ireland", a revolutionary women's society,
to provide a home for Irish nationalist women who, like herself, were
considered unwelcome in male-dominated nationalist societies. In April 1902,
she took a leading role in Yeats's play Cathleen Ní Houlihan. Of
Anglo-Irish stock and birth, she was won over to Irish nationalism by the
plight of evicted people in the Land Wars. She was also active in Home Rule
On label of sheet are also:
Sinead Bean de Valera
Gregory Isabela Augusta.
IE - 941
McClintock Barbara 16.6.1902 - 2.9.1992
Geneticist Barbara McClintock, won the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine for discovering in her work with corn that genes can transfer their positions on chromosomes. McClintock earned (1927) a Ph.D. in botany from Cornell University and worked at several institutions before joining (1941) the Carnegie Institution of Washington, with which she was affiliated while working at her own laboratory in Cold Spring Harbor, N.Y. Her discovery of mobile genetic elements, from research in the 1940s and '50s, was published in 1953 but drew little attention. It has since proved significant in understanding several human diseases and hereditary processes in general.
S - 1575
7.11.1903 - 22.11.1980
Na znamki IE - 306 je
njena slika: Kuhinjska miza.
Norah McGuinness was born in Derry and received her early education at the Victoria High School. She knew from an early age what career she intended to follow. She attended classes at the Dreey Tehnical School but her real artistic trainin began when she came to Dublin in 1921 and became a student at the College of Art, then known as the Metropolitan School of Art. She married the poet Geoffrey Phibbs in 1925 and later became involved in theatrical designing, doing the sets and costumes for number of plays. Among her contemporaries were Mainie Jellett, W. B. Yeats, Evie Hone and Nano Reid. She was elected President of the Irish Exhibition of Living Art in 1943 and was elected an Honorary Member of the Royal Hibernian Academy in 1957. Her paintings have been exhibited in galleries in Ireland, England, France, Italy and USA.
On stamp IE-306 is
her painting: Kitchen Table.
IE - 306
McKENNA Siobhan 24.5.1922 - 16.11.1986
She (on label of sheet
IE - 940,
IE-1118)was still in her teens when she became a member of an amateur Gaelic theatre group and made her stage debut at Galway's Gaelic Theatre in 1940. Her original name was Siobhan Giollamhuire Nic Cionnaith and was versatile Irish actress best known for her portrayals of such impassioned characters as Shaw's Saint Joan and Pegeen Mike, the lusty innkeeper in John Millington Synge's most famous play, The Playboy of the Western World.
On label of sheet are also:
Eva Gore-Booth and
Ria Mooney. On stamp
IE - 1118
IE - 940
McLOUGHLIN Deirdre 1949 -
ceramist Deirdre McLoughlin makes high-fired biomorphic sculpture, which is
polished with diamond pads. McLoughlin received a BA from Trinity College,
Dublin in 1972, before travelling to Amsterdam, The Netherlands, where
Rosemary Andrews’ sculptures inspired her to work with clay. In 1982 the
work of the Sodeisha Group and a sculpture by Isamu Noguchi brought her to
Kyoto, Japan, where she established a studio and took classes with the
Kyoyaki master Tousai Sawamura. In 1985 she returned to Dublin, where she
worked until returning to Amsterdam in 1988 where she is still based. In
2004 she won Keramik Europas 2004 Westerwaldpreis which brought her work to
IE - 1969
many thanks to Deirdre
for her autograph on stamp
McPHAIL STEWART Catherine 30.10.1887 - 1974
Britanska zdravnica je študirala v univerzi
v Glasgowu. Leta 1915 je v okviru škotske ženske bolnice prišla v Srbijo. Po
koncu prve svetovne vojne je ostala v Srbiji. V Sremski Kamenici je leta
1934 ustanovila otroško bolnico za zdravljenje tuberkuloze kosti in sklepov.
Nagrajena je bila z ordenom sv. Save 5. in 4. stopnje, za zasluge po
vojni pa še orden sv. Save 3. stopnje. Odlikovana je bila tudi z redom
She studied medicine at
Glasgow University and came to Serbia in 1915 with Scottish Women`s
Hospital. After the war she remained in Serbia, where she founded the first
children`s hospital in Serbia. In 1934 in Sremska Kamenica she founded the
English-Yugoslav Children`s Hospital for treatment of tuberculosis of bones
and joints. She was awarded the Order of St. Sava of V and IV degree and for
her merits in postwar Belgrade she received the Order of St. Sava III. She
received one of Britain`s greatest honors - the Order of the Britsh Empire.
RS - 642
5.10.1897 - 11.2.1985
slovaška akademska slikarka rojena v Jugoslaviji. Študirala je v Zagrebu in
She was a very well-known
Jugoslavia/Czech landscape, portrait, history-painter and illustrator, she
studied at the Academy of Arts in Zagreb and then under prof. Ferdinand
Engelmüller 1920/21, J.Loukota, J.Obrovsky and M.Svabinsky 1923/29 at the
Academy of Fine Arts in Prague, her paintings reflect the artists interest
in Moravian country life and folk costumes.
YU - 2722
Meir Golda 3.5.1898 - 8.12.1978
Izraelska političarka se je rodila v Rusiji, odraščala v Ameriki in se leta 1921 preselila v Palestino. Tu je odigrala pomembno vlogo pri ustanavljanju judovske države. V letih 1949-1956 je bila ministrica za delo, med leti 1969 in 1974 pa predsednica vlade Izraela. Po arabsko- izraelski vojni 1973 je doživela hude kritike, zato je aprila 1974 odstopila.
Golda Meir was the prime minister of Israel from 1969 to 1974. Born into a poor Jewish family in Kiev, Ukraine, she emigrated to Milwaukee,
USA in 1906. She married Morris Myerson in 1917, and the couple emigrated to Palestine in 1921. In the years before and during World War II, Meir held key posts in the Jewish Agency
(the highest Jewish authority in British-administered Palestine) and in the World Zionist Organization. After Israel proclaimed its independence in 1948, she was appointed ambassador to the USSR by Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, later serving as minister of labor (1949-56) and minister of foreign affairs (1956-66), as well as head of the Israeli delegation to the United States. Meir, who had adopted her Hebrew name in 1956, assumed the position of prime minister in 1969, after the death of Levi Eshkol. On Oct. 6, 1973, Egypt and Syria launched an attack, catching Israel by surprise. Although Israeli forces were able to rally and go on the offensive, Meir and her defense minister, Moshe Dayan, were criticized for being unprepared for the Arab attack. In the spring elections of 1974 the Labor party suffered a setback, and Meir--unable to form a government--resigned.
B - 2917
Meitner Lise 7.11.1878 - 27.10.1968
Avstrijsko-švedska fizičarka Lise Meitner je skupaj z nečakom Ottonom R. Frischom leta 1939 objavila teoretično razlago jedrske fizije. Po doktoratu leta 1906 na Dunajski univerzi je začela z raziskovalnim delom pri Ottu Hahnu. Leta 1917 sta odkrila element protaktinij, predhodni element iz katerega se tvori aktinij. Meitnerjeva je postala vodja (1917-38) fizikalnega oddelka na Kaiser Wilhelm inštitutu za kemijo v Berlinu. Pred nacisti je pobegnila na Švedsko kjer je nadaljevala z delom. S svojim teoretičnim delom je pomagala razjasniti odnos med gama in beta žarki.
The physicist Lise Meitner , together with her nephew Otto R. Frisch, published in 1939 a theoretical interpretation of nuclear fission. After receiving (1906) her doctorate from the University of Vienna, Meitner began her research career in 1907 with the radiochemist Otto Hahn. In 1917 they discovered protactinium, the precursor substance from which actinium is formed. Meitner then became head (1917-38) of the physics department of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Chemistry in Berlin. Fleeing Nazi persecution, she resumed her work at the Nobel Institute in Sweden. Her theoretical work helped to clarify the relationships between beta and gamma rays.
A - 1588 D - 1366
Berlin - 812
Nellie 19.5.186 -
Avstralska sopranistka Dame Nellie Melba s pravim imenom Helen Porter
Mitchell je ena najbolj znanih pevcev pozne viktorijanske dobe in začetka
20. stoletja. Je prva mednarodno priznana avstralska klasična glasbenica.
Prevzela si je psevdonimom "Melba" po rojstnem Melbournu.
Dame Nellie Melba,
born Helen Porter Mitchell, was an Australian operatic soprano. She became
one of the most famous singers of the late Victorian era and the early 20th
century. She was the first Australian to achieve international recognition
as a classical musician. She took the pseudonym "Melba" from Melbourne, her
MC - 3296
Meličkova Hana 27.1.1900 - 7.1.1978
Slovaška gledališka igralka je bila od 1926 do 1976 članica Slovaškega narodnega gledališča (razen v letih od 1939-1946).
From 1926 until 1976 she was a member of the Slovak National Theatre, with an interruption in the period 1939 - 1946. Through her multifacetted acting performance she has created the most significant characters of the international and local dramatic repertoire. She acted as impersonator of the Shakespeare's characters (Offelia and Gertruda in
Hamlet, Lady Macbeth in Macbeth, Quickly in Merry Widows from Windsor) she played the title roles in the Henrik Ibsen's plays (Hedda Gabler) , in
the Leo Tolstoi's dramas (Anna Karenina) and she has mastered a wide gallery of portraits of Slovak women (Beta and Žofia in Tajovsky's play
Properties-Confusions, Mara and Dora in the play Woman's law, Herodias in the Hviezdoslav's tragedy
Herodes and Herodias). Since the beginning of the regular radio broadcasts in 1926, she has regularly acted in the radio dramas and plays, she acted in films and in television. She was awarded the title of National Artist in 1961.
SK - 361
Članica grške olimpijske
water polo ekipe, ki je na OI 2004 v Atenah osvojila srebrno medaljo.
She won silver medal OG
2004 Athene: greek water polo team.
1923 - 1943
partisan and the hero
of the Soviet Union. She was born in Zarasai. She entered the Red Army (the
16th division) in 1942. She was sent to the back of Germans where she took
part in partisan activities. Germans captured her and shut. In 1944 she was
given the name of the hero of Soviet Union.
SZ - 1501
Rigoberta Menchu, a Guatemalan Indian who became a spokesperson for indigenous peoples throughout the Americas, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1992. Born and reared in Guatemala's southern highlands, she went into exile in Mexico in 1981 after her father, mother, and brother were killed by the Guatemalan military in separate incidents. Her testament,
I, Rigoberta Menchu (1983), gained international attention.
N - 1406
16.2.1906 - 26.6.1944
Češka šahistka je leta 1927 zmagala na prvem
ženskem svetovnem šahovskem prvenstvu v Londonu. Menčikova je zmagala z
lahkoto, osvojila je 10,5 točk od 11. V 30h letih je dvakrat igrala dvoboj
za SP z Nemko Sonjo Graf (leta 1934 in 1937) in obakrat visoko zmagala. V
letih od 1927 do 1939 je bila svetovna šahovska prvakinja. Vera Menčik je bila prva šahistka, ki je enakovredno nastopala tudi na moških
turnirjih. Ona, njena sestra in mati so bile ubite v Londonu on nemškem
born in Moscow, Russia. Her father was Czech and her mother was British. The
family moved to England in 1921. FIDE established the 1st world championship
for women in 1927. She won in this championship and than in all next 8
shampionships in: Hamburg 1930, Prague 1931, Folkestone 1933, Warsaw 1935,
Stockholm 1937 and Buenos Aires 1939. She was World's Women Champion from
1927 until her death. She, her sister Olga and mother were killed in a
bombing raid in Kent in England. A V-1 bomb hit their home.
CZ - 102
Mercouri Melina 18.10.1925 - 6.3.1994
Grška igralka in političarka je najprej nastopala v gledališču v Atenah, od konca šestdesetih let 20. stol. pa tudi na Brodwayu. Prvo filmsko vlogo je odigrala 1955 v filmu Stella. Svetovni uspeh pa je dosegla s filmom Nikoli v nedeljo (1960). Ker je bila levičarsko usmerjena in politično aktivna jo je vojaška oblast izgnala 1967 iz Grčije. Po padcu hunte 1974 se je vrnila. V letih 1981-89 in 1993 je bila grška ministrica za kulturo.
Greek woman. She fought for democracy against the junta of 1967-74. She was
theatre and film actress with much success in theatre where she played in
ancient Greek tragedies and medern playes. She was Greek Minister of Culture
Merian Maria-Sibylia 2.4.1647 - 13.1.1717
Nemška slikarka, bakrorezka in raziskovalka žuželk. Najprej se je posvečala slikanju cvetja in rastlin, nato pa biološkega okolja rastlin. Proučevala je žuželke na Surinamu in o svojih raziskavah objavila knjigo Metamorfoza surinamskih žuželk.(1705), opremljeno z lastnimi bakrorezi.
She was a naturalist
and scientific illustrator who studied plants and insects and made detailed
paintings about them. Her detailed observations and documentation of the
metamorphosis of the butterfly make her a significant, albeit not well known,
contributor to entomology. In 1699 she traveled to Surinam whre she worked
for two years, travelling around the colony and sketching local animals and
plants. Back in the Netherlands she sold specimens she had collected and
published a collection of engravings about the life in Surinam. In 1705 she
published a book Metamorphosis Insectorum Surinamensium about the insects of
Berlin - 788
Merici Angela sv.
Italjijanska nuna ustanoviteljica uršulinskega reda, ki je
najstarejši ženski red v Rimskokatoliški cerkvi.
Svojo mladost je preživljala pri svojem stricu ob Gardskem jezeru.
Pridružila se je laičnemu "tretjemu redu" sv. Frančiška. Ko se je pri
dvajsetih vrnila v rojstni kraj, je zbrala skupino deklet, ki so vaške
otroke učile katekizem. Leta 1506 je imela videnje, v katerem ji je bilo
naročeno naj v Brescii ustanovi družbo devic. Leta 1535 se je skupaj s 28
spremljevalkami posvetila bogu s prisego deviškost. S tem je nastal red
svete Uršule, legendarne mučenice iz četrtega stoletja. Naloga reda je bila
poučevanje verske vzgoje mladih deklet. Leta 1537 je bila soglasno izvoljena
za predstojnico reda.
was born in Italy and lived at her uncle. In 1524, while making a pilgrimage
to the Holy Land, she became suddenly blind, but continued her journey to
the Holy Places and was cured on her return while praying before a crucifix
at the same place where she was struck with blindness a few weeks before.
When, in 1525, she had come to Rome to gain the indulgences, Pope Clement
VII, who had heard of her great holiness and her extraordinary success as a
religious teacher of young girls, invited her to remain in Rome; but Angela,
who shunned publicity, returned to Brescia. There in 535, Angela chose
twelve virgins and laid the foundation of the order of the Ursulines in a
small house near the
Church of St. Afra in Brescia. Having been five years superior of the newly-founded
order, she died. She was beatified in 1768, by Clement XIII, and canonized
in 1807, by Pius VII.
VA - 126
VA - 996-998
Marisa 1931 -
She is an Italian sculptor,
widow of artist Mario Merz. She
now lives in Milan. In 1967, for her first solo exhibition, Marisa made a
folded aluminium foil installation. She was also one of the people involved
in the Arte Povera + Azione Povera exhibition the following year in Amalfi.
Marisa Merz: Testa
LI - 1575
Francoska vizualna umetnica, ki trenutno
živi in dela v Franciji je leta 2005 prejela za svoje delo v francoskem
paviljonu Zlatega beneškega leva. Leta 2016 je prejela nagrado Praemium
Imperiale, ki jo podeljuje japonska ob podpori njihove cesarkse družine.
A French visual artist won in
2005 the Golden Lion Award at the Venice Biennale for her artwork at the
French Pavilion. In 2016, she won the prestigious Praemium Imperiale
International Arts Award. She currently lives and works in Malakoff, France.
F - 6957
MIANKOVA Aksana 28.3.1982 -
Beloruska metalka kladiva je na
olimpijskih igrah 2008 v Pekingu osvojila zlato medaljo z olimpijskim
rekordom 76,34 m (na znamki BY-819).
Na priveskih BY-blok-77
so ostale beloruske dobitnice medalj na OI 2008 v
She is a Belarusian hammer
thrower. She won the Olympic gold medal in 2008 with a throw of 76.34 metres,
an Olympic record (on stamp
On labels of sheet
are also other Belrus women winners of medals in OG
blok-77, BY - 819
MICHAELIS Caroline Wilhelma de Vasconcelos
15.03.1851 - 16.11.1925
novelist, distinguished herself in teaching. She was the first woman to be
admitted as a professor at the Coimbra Faculty of Arts.
P - 2369
Michel Louise 29.5.1830 - 9.1.1905
Ustanoviteljica Društva za zaščito pravic žena v času pariške komune. Borila se
je na barikadah. Ena najbolj znanih žena članic Nacionalne garde.
She was French anarchist who fervently preached revolutionary socialist themes. Rejecting parliamentary reform, she believed in sensational acts of violence and advocated class war.
F - 2540
19.1.1906 - 10.4.1945
Michel-Lévy is one of the great heroes of the French resistance. After
elementary education she moved with her parents to Chauny in the region of
l'Aisne where she in 1922, at the age of sixteen and a half, started to work
in the administration of the French Post. From the very beginning of the
German invasion and occupation of France she was opposed to the French
capitulation and from December 1940 she became a member of the French
resistance movement. In 1943 she was arrested by gestapo and tortured. She
was kept in women concentration camp Ravensbrück and in camp Holleischen (Holysov)
where she was executed. She received several medals and distinctions
F - 1295
Micle Veronica 22.4.1850 - 3.8.1889
poetess, whose work was
influenced by Romanticism. She is best known for her love affair with the
poet Mihai Eminescu, one of the most important Romanian writers. Micle made
her publishing debut in Noul Curier Român (1872), with two romantic
sketches published under the pen-name Corina. She published her poems,
influenced by Eminescu, in Columna Lui Traian (1874). She also
contributed to Familia (1879), Revista Nouă and Revista
MD - 348
Miegel Agnes 9.3.1879 - 26.10.1964
author, journalist and poet.
D - 1001
1906 - 1989
slikarka: Parson`s lodge.
GI - 625
14.7.1912 - 4.9.1985
Slovenska pisateljica in prevajalka
Mira Mihelič je bila dvakrat dobitnica Prešernove nagrade (1950, 1983),
predsednica Društva slovenskih pisateljev (1963–1966) in slovenskega centra
PEN (1966–1975) in je kot dobra opazovalka življenjskega okolja v svojem
literarnem ustvarjanju oblikovala podobo slovenskega meščanskega salona že v
svojih prvih pripovedih (Obraz v zrcalu, 1941). To okolje in čas je sprva
doživljala z radoživim pogledom, kar se je kmalu spremenilo v dozorelo
kritičnost: njena pripoved tedaj spoštljivost zamenja z ironijo, navdušenje
z odvračanjem, pripadnost k meščanstvu z begom iz njegovega sveta. O
moralnem razkroju meščanskega sveta govorijo tudi njena dramska besedila s
tematiko druge svetovne vojne in okupacije (Svet brez sovraštva, 1945, Ogenj
in pepel, 1949), ki se jim pridružijo še dramska besedila s karakterno in
dialoško komiko. Romane s tematiko slovenskega meščanstva je kasneje deloma
preurejene ponovno izdala v izboru z naslovom Plamen ali dim. Zgodbam o
družbeni in psihološki podobi meščanstva v zgodovinskih prelomnih krizah sta
nato sledili še dve knjigi mladinske proze in dva zgodovinska romana, prvi o
intrigantskem življenju v stari rimski Emoni (Tujec v Emoni, 1978) in drugi
o času ljubljanskega kongresa (Cesta dveh cesarjev, 1981). Mira Mihelič je v
svojih romanih pripovedovalka vznesenih, dinamičnih zgodb, živahne
fantazije, odlična poznavalka človeških nravi, ki se odkrivajo v izjemno
spretno oblikovanih literarnih portretih in pomenljivih dialogih. Kot
prevajalka iz angleške, francoske in nemške književnosti je prevedla več kot
osemdeset pripovednih in dramskih besedil izstopajočih avtorjev. Svojemu
pripovednemu delu je pisateljica dodala tudi spominski zapis Ure mojih dni
The writer and
translator Mira Mihelič a double Prešeren Award winner (1950, 1983), was
president of the Slovene Writers' Association (1963–1966) and of the Slovene
PEN centre (1966–1975); a good observer of the life around her, in her
earliest works she painted a picture of life among the Slovene bourgeoisie
(Obraz v zrcalu [Face in the Mirror], 1941).
SI - 947
Natalia 25.5.1982 -
Beloruska suvalka krogle je bila na
mladinskem svetovnem mladinskem prvenstvu tretja, na OI 2004 in na
svetovnem atletskem finalu pa peta. Leta 2006 ja na svetovnem dvoranskem
prvenstvu zmagala z osebnim rekordom 19,84 m. Na OI 2008 v Pekingu pa je
osvojila srebrno medaljo.
Na priveskih BY-blok-77
so še druge beloruske
dobitnice medalj na OI 2008 v Pekingu:
She is a Belarusian shot putter. She finished third at the 2000 World Junior
Championships, but first appeared on the international athletics scene at
the 2004 Olympics, where she finished 5th. She repeated this position at the
World Athletics Final later that year, and in 2005 she was able to win the
bronze medal in this meet. In 2006 she won the World Indoor Championships in
Russia with a new personal best throw (indoor) of 19.84 metres. She won a
silver medal in Women's shot put at the 2008 Summer Olympics.
On labels of sheet
are also other Belarus women winners of medals in OG
Nadzeya Ostapchuk ,
blok-77, BY - 819
MILEVA Leda 5.2.1920 -
She ia a
Bulgarian author of poetry and plays for children and translations from
English, Russian and French.
Author of more than 30 poetry volumes. Permanent representative of Bulgaria
BG - 4946
RS - 594
MiNelli Liza 13.3.1946 -
Ameriška pevka in filmska igralka, hči Judy Garland, je v filmu nastopila že s tremi leti. Leta 1963 je debitirala na Brodwayu v predstavi Best Foot Forward. Nastopala je predvsem v musicalih. Pomembnejši filmi: Cabaret (1972), New York, New York (1976), Arthur (1981). Za vlogo v Kabareju je dobila oskarja.
Na znamki BG-4187 je tudi
She is an
American actress and singer. She is the daughter of legendary actress and
singer Judy Garland and her second husband, film director Vincente Minnelli.
In 1972, she won an Academy Award for Best Actress for her role in
Cabaret and two of her records have been certified gold.
On stamp BG-4187
BG - 4187
Jersey - 582
Mirčeva Minčeva Detelina
Na znamki BG-2410 je tudi
Paškilova Todorova Ivanka.
On stamp BG-2410
Paškilova Todorova Ivanka.
BG - 2410
Mistral Gabriela 7.4.1889 - 10.1.1957
Čilenska pesnica s pravim imenom Lucila Godoy y Alcayaga
je poučevala na srednjih šolah in sodelovala pri reformi šolskega sistema v Mehiki. Od 1933 je bila čilska konzulka v Madridu, Lizboni, Genovi, Nici in OZN.
Psevdonim je sestavila iz imen svojih dveh najljubših pesnikov Gabriela d`Annunzia in Frederica Mistrala. Osrednja tema njene tople čustvene lirike je ljubezen. Njene pesniške zbirke: Pesmi (1904), Soneti smrti (1904), Obup (1922), Sporočila (1957). Leta 1945 je kot prva ženska umetnica Južne Amerike prejela Nobelovo nagrado
Gabriela Mistral was the pen name of the Chilean poet Lucila Godoy Alcayaga, the first Spanish-American writer to win the Nobel Prize (1945). She enjoyed a continental reputation as a humanitarian and educator, and, together with several other writers, contributed greatly to postmodernist verse. Mistral won a poetry contest in 1914 with
Sonetos de la muerte (Sonnets of Death), which were inspired by a tragic love affair and grew into a larger and her best collection, aptly entitled
Desolacion (Desolation, 1922). Her only other books of poetry are Ternura (Tenderness, 1924),
Tala (Destruction, 1938), and Lagar (Winepress, 1954). Mistral's poems deal with nature, biblical motifs, death, platonic love, and especially love of children and of the dispossessed; they are permeated by feelings of sadness, compassion, asceticism, unsatisfied maternal longing, and communion with the land.
E - 2893
Mišanović Vesna 27.11.1964 -
Bosanska šahovska velemojstrica, državna prvakinja Jugoslavije 1988.
She is a
Bosnian chess player who holds FIDE Woman Grandmaster title. She was winner
of the first medal ever for the Bosnia and Herzegovina at the European Team
Championship in Debrecin 1992. It was individual silver medal for best
rating performance and result at first board. Before that, she won two
bronze medals by playing for Yugoslav national selection at Chess Olympiad
Thessalonica 1988. It was one team medal and one for the result on fourth
board. In total, she participated at six Chess Olympiads, two times for
Yugoslavia (4th board in Thessalonica 1988 and 2nd board in Novi Sad 1990)
and four times for Bosnia and Herzegovina (1st board in Manila 1992, Moscow
1994, Elista 1998 and Istanbul 2000). IN 1988 she was Yugoslav Chess
BA - 147
BA - 149-150
Joan 12.2.1925 - 30.9.1992
expressionist painter and printmaker was a member of the American Abstract
expressionist movement. She spent most of her life in France, where she
F - 5803
8.2.1876 - 20.11.1907
Paula Modersohn-Becker, developed an antiromantic, consciously primitive style that anticipated 20th-century German expressionism. While her friends painted vast landscapes at the artists' colony of Worpswede, outside Bremen, Modersohn-Becker singled out individual forms, such as a burly peasant or a massive barn. These compositions, inspired by the works of Paul Cezanne, Vincent van Gogh, and Paul Gauguin, were not well received during the artist's short life. Many of her paintings are preserved in the Paula Modersohn-Becker Museum in Bremen.
D - 1854 D - 1359
Berlin - 806
12.10.1840 - 9.4.1909
Poljsko-ameriška gledališka igralka je v svojem repertoarju imela
več kot 260 shakespearjanskih in sodobnih vlog. Rodila se je na Poljskem.
Poročila se je z igralcem Gustavom Modrzejewskim in z njim ustanovila
potujočo gledališko skupino. Leta 1868 se je drugič poročila s politikom in
literarnim kritikom Karlom Božento Chlapowskim. Preselila v Varšavo, kjer je
ostala vrsto let. Njene glavne tragične vloge so bile Shakespearjeve
Ofelija, Julija, Desdemona in kraljica Ana iz Richarda III, Schillerjeva
princesa Eboli in druge. Njene najboljša vloga iz komedij je bila Beatrice
iz Shakespearjeve komedije Mnogo hrupa za nič. Leta 1876 je z možem
in skupino prijateljev odšla v Kalifornijo. Tu je leta 1877 doživela
zmagoslavni sprejem v San Franciscu. Z uspehi v mestih vzhodnih ZDA si je
zagotovila ugled velike igralke. Kljub svojemu poljskemu naglasu je bila ena
najuspešnejših ameriških shakesperjanskih igralk v letih 1880-1890. Kljub
slovesu v novi domovini se je redno vračala na Poljsko.
Polish-American actress whose repertory includes 260 Shakespeares and contemporary some roles, some in both Polish and English. The daughter of a musician, she married an actor, Gustav Modrzejewski, and they joined a company of strolling players. In 1868 she married Count Bozenta Chlapowski, a politician and critic, and began to act at Wassaw, where she remained for number of years. Her chief tragic roles were Shakespeare`s Ophelia, Juliet, Desdemona and Queen Anne in
Richard III, Schiller`s Pricess Eboli…. In comedy her favourite roles included Beatrice in
Much Ado About Nothing. She also Played in modern pieces by Dumas, Gabriel Legouve, Ostave Feuillt….In 1876 she went with his husband to California, where they settled on a rach. This enterprise was failure, and She returned to the stage,. She appeared in San Francisco in 1877 in an English version of
Adrienne Lecouvreur, in which she was very successful despite her poor English. She continued to act principally in the USA but also was seen from time to time in London, where in 1881 she fulfilled her ambition to play Shakespeare on an English stage and elsewhere in the Unirted States.
PL - 2777 PL - 2402
PL - 458
PL - 466
30.3.1900 - 22.1.1981
Was a Spanish librarian and
lexicographer. She is known for her prestigious Diccionario de uso del
espańol, first published in 1966-1967, when she completed the work
started in 1952.
E - 2975
Monroe Marilyn 1.6.1926 - 5.8.1962
Ameriška filmska igralka s pravim imenom Norma Jean Mortenson je odraščala v reji. Delala je v tovarni streliva, kasneje je bila fotomodel. 1946 je začela igrati stranske vloge, od leta 1952 pa glavne vloge lepe plavolase naivke. Sredi petdesetih let 20. stol. je bila seksualni simbol ameriškega filma. Poročena je bila s pisateljem Arturjem Millerjem. Umrla je domnevno zaradi prevelike količine zaužitih tablet. Pomembnejši filmi: Moški imajo raje plavolaske (1953), Kako se poročiti z milijonarjem (1953), Sedem let skomin (1955), Nekateri so za vroče (1959).
Na znamki BG-4185 je tudi
Marlene Dietrich.(njeno ime
je napisano na levi strani znamke), toda v resnici je prikazana
Na znamki N-1216 je tudi
Marilyn Monroe, born Norma Jeane Mortenson (or Baker), Los Angeles, after rising from bit parts, became one of the most celebrated film personalities of her time. Hers was the classic show-business tragedy. Stardom seemed a burden; being an international sex goddess, even more so. Her second husband was baseball star Joe DiMaggio. Following her third marriage, to playwright Arthur Miller, she struggled to understand theories of acting and wanted to star in the classics. When this effort proved fruitless, she became so difficult to work with that she was virtually unemployable. Yet in the handful of comedies in which she starred her personal ebullience and freshness transcend her limitations:
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1953), How to Marry a Millionaire (1953),
The Seven Year Itch (1955), The Prince and the Showgirl (1957), and
Some Like It Hot (1959). She also performed competently in two dramatic roles,
Bus Stop (1956) and The Misfits (1961). She died from an overdose of sleeping pills, possibly a suicide.
On stamp BG-4185 is also
(name is written on left side of stamp), but
on stamp is depicted
On stamp N-1216 is
BG - 4185
BA - 94
F - 3770
H - 4298
GI - 744
N - 1216
MoNtessori Maria 31.8.1870 - 6.5.1952
Leta 1894 je kot prva ženska v Italiji diplomirala na medicinski fakulteti. Že kot asistentka na kliniki se je začela zanimati za psihologijo vzgoje majhnih in duševno prizadetih otrok. Leta 1907 je v revni četrti San Lorenzo v Rimu ustanovila svojo prvo šolo za normalno razvite otroke. V praksi je dokazala učinkovitost novih metod učenja: odpovedala se je avtoritativnosti, začela je uporabljati igrala in delovne pripomočke. Njene metode še sedaj uporabljajo po vsem svetu.
Maria Montessori, an Italian physician-educator, devised the educational method that bears her name. She was the first woman in Italy to receive a medical degree and began her career working at the University of Rome's psychiatric clinic. Her experience there with retarded children led her to found the State Orthophrenic School of Rome. She extended her methods to normal children in 1907 by opening her first Casa dei Bambini (Children's House) in a Rome slum. This house also proved successful, and many other Montessori schools were established. After she fled the Italian Fascist government in 1934, she worked in Spain and South Asia before settling in the Netherlands,
10.3. - 8.4.2013
Španska pevka in igralka, mednarodno znana v
špansko govoreči glasbeni in filmski industriji.
Sara Montiel was a Spanish
singer and actress a much-loved and internationally known name in the
Spanish-speaking movie and music industries.
E - 4904
1903 - 1973
Ria Mooney (on label
IE - 940) was an
actor, director and writer. She joined the Abbey Theatre in 1924 and played
lead in the first production of The Plough and the Stars. She went on to
produce and direct in New York and, back in Dublin from the 1940s, in the
Gate, the Abbey and the Gaiety.
On label of sheet are also:
Eva Gore-Booth and
Siobhan McKenna. On stamp
IE - 940
Članica grške olimpijske water polo ekipe, ki je na
OI 2004 v Atenah osvojila srebrno medaljo.
She won silver medal OG
2004 Athene: greek water polo team.
Članica grške olimpijske water polo ekipe, ki je na
OI 2004 v Atenah osvojila srebrno medaljo.
She won silver medal OG
2004 Athene: greek water polo team.
sportwoman - swimmer. Her incredible collection of 67 medals including 2
Olympic (2000 Sydney:
silver medal 100 m butterfly, silver medal 200 m freestyle), 22-World and
43-European, along with 3-World, 16-European and 203-Slovakian records prove
Martina is a force in any meet. She is destined to go down in FINA World Cup
history for winning an amazing 104-gold medals and becoming the overall
winner of the World Cup Series three times.
SK - 462
MORAY Gray Kathleen Eileen Moray Gray
9.8.1878 - 31.10.1976
She was an Irish
furniture designer was an Irish furniture designer and architect and a
pioneer of the Modern Movement in architecture. She was, undeniably, a
designer of genius, and her work traversed the Art Deco period and the
Modernist Movement, leaving a mark on the 20th century and, along with Le
Corbusier and Mies Van Der Rohe, she defined modernity.
IE - 2145-2148
Dea Trier 9.12.1941 - 26.5.2001
She was a
Danish artist, novelist, and socialist.
DK - 1606
1745 - 1833
was the most prominent female Abolitionist. She publicised the anti-slavery
message through her poems, plays and
religious writings. 1788 she published A Poem on the Inhumanity of the
Slave-Trade. The poem focused on her home town, the city of Bristol, and
the shame she felt at its role in the slave trade.
GB - 2512
MOrfova Vasileva Cristina
24.4.1889 - 6.1936
Bulgarian dramatic/coloratura soprano
studied with Maria Pivodova in Prague and with Jaques Isnardon in Paris. Her
debut was at the Czech Theater in Brno singing Marie in The Bartered
Bride in 1910. This amazing singer's repertory ranged from The Queen of the Night and Lakme to Fidelio and Dalibor. She also wrote, had a publishing house, taught throughout her career.
Christina Morfova died in an automobile accident. She was called the Bulgarian Nightingale.
BG - 2038
26.7.1873 - 29.1.1952
An American philanthropist provided relief efforts in aid to France during and after World War I and World War II.
Morgan was educated privately, traveled frequently and grew up amongst the wealth her father had amassed. She was awarded a medal from the
National Institute of Social Science in 1915, the same year she published the story The American Girl.
In 1932 she became the first American woman appointed a commander of the French Legion of Honor.
F - 6693
20.3.1936 - 19.8.2015
Lina Morgan (María de
los Ángeles López Segovia) was one of Spain's most beloved and famous
actresses. She lived her whole life in the old-fashioned neighbourhood of La
Latina. In the 1960s she began to get small roles in films and became a
box-office phenomenon starring in a half dozen titles. She managed to create
her own persona, breaking the norms of the era. Later she would work in
television and theatre, becoming the owner of the iconic Teatro de La
Latina. The stamp features a lovely image of the actress with a small
silhouette of one of her most remembered characters: the country girl come
E - ?2017
She is an
Australian Aboriginal author, dramatist, and artist. Morgan's works are on
display in numerous private and public collections in both Australia and
around the world.
14.1.1841 - 2.3.1895
Francoska impresionistična slikarka je študirala z
znanimi slikarji, med drugim tudi z Corotom. Bila je prijateljica Maneta,
služila mu je kot model za nekaj njegovih znanih del.
slika slikarja Edouarda Moneta:
impressionist painter. She studied with many gifted painters, including
Corot. She formed a close friendship with Manet, who became her brother-in-law,
and she served as model for several of his best-known paintings. The two
greatly influenced each other's artistic development. Her own later work
inclined toward pure impressionism in its rendering of light, while
retaining an unusual smoothness of brushwork. Her paintings formed an
important addition to all but one impressionist exhibit from 1874 through
1885. Her most notable works, including Young Woman at the Dance
(1880; Paris) and La Toilette, are painted in
clear, luminous colors. Her early subject matter included landscapes and
marine scenes; later she most frequently painted tranquil portraits of
mothers and children. Morisot's works have been particularly popular in the
United States, and many important works are in American collections.
F - 4031
F - 3114
F - 5286
F - 5297
F - 6417
Ameriška romanopiska s pravim imenom Chloe Anthony Wofford je študirala književnost na univerzah Howard in Cornell. V svojih delih je posebej prizadeto opisovala usodo in življenjske izkušnje črnskega prebivalstva ZDA, predvsem ženske ter njihov boj za kulturno identiteto sredi socialne neenakosti in zapostavljenosti. Glavna dela: Najmodrejše oko (1970), Sula (1973), Salomonova pesem (1977), Ljubljena (1987), Jazz (1992). Leta 1993 je prejela Nobelovo nagrado.
She is one
of the most prominent authors in world literature, having won the Nobel
Prize in Literature in 1993 for her collected works. Several of her novels
have taken their place in the canon of American literature, including The
Bluest Eye, Beloved (winner of the Pulitzer Prize for Fiction),
and Song of Solomon. Morrison's writings are notable for their epic
themes, vivid dialogue, and richly detailed African American characters. In
recent years, Morrison has published a number of children's books with her
son, Slade Morrison.
S - 1801
Morozova Anja 1921 - 1944
SU - 3215
MORRIS Mary "May"
25.3.1862 - 17.10.1938
She was an English
artisan, embroidery designer, socialist, and editor. May learned to
embroider from her mother and her aunt Bessie Burden.In 1881, she enrolled
at the National Art Training School, the precursor of the Royal College of
Art, to study embroidery.
In 1885, aged 23, she became the director of the embroidery department at
her father's enterprise Morris & Co.
GB - 3212
MOSCHOLIOU Vicky 23.5.1943 - 16.8.2005
She was a
GR - ?2010
MOTESICZKY Marie Louise von 24.10.1906 -
She was an Austrian
painter. born to an aristocratic family. Marie attended art schools in
various locations around Europe including Vienna, Paris (at the Montparnasse
Painting Academy) and Berlin. In 1928, Max Beckmann invited her to join his
masterclass at the Städelschule in Frankfurt am Main, where she honed her
craft. On stamp
MOURA Alexandra 1973 -
Portugalska modna oblikovalka je
študirala modno oblikovanje na univerzi IADE v Lizboni. Sodelovala je na
številnih modnih revijah na Portugalskem in Španiji. Od leta 2001 prodaja
svoje kolekcije v eni najbolj znanih lizbonskih trgovin Moda Lisabon Dizajn.
P - 2868
MUhina Vera 19.6.1889 - 6.10.1953
in Paris under E. Burdel. On her return to Riga she continued her studies
with Kārlis Zale and made her mark with the sculpture Worker and Peasant
Woman, which stood atop the Soviet pavilion at the Paris Expo of 1937.
Later, the Mosfilm Studio adopted it as its emblem. It is also believed that
it was Vera Muhina who saved the Freedom Monument by persuading Stalin not
to pull it down.
SU - 5962
SU - 3688
SU - 2031
finska slikarka: Učenec
Finish painter. On stamp: Pupils.
On stamp is also
FI - 1905
17.7.1928 - 28.5.1995
She was a British fashion
GB - 3258
AL - 1932
Eunice 30.7.1928 -
actress was born into the arts of the spectacle, starts her career in the
National Theatre in 1941.
P - 3667
MURRAY HOPPER Grace 9.12.1906 - 1.1.1992
računalništva, ena prvih programerk računalnika Harvard Mark I. Prva je razvila prevajalnik za računalniški programski jezik. Predstavila je
zamisel o strojno neodvisnih programskih jezikih, kar je vodilo do razvoja
jezika COBOL, enega od prvih sodobnih visokonivojskih jezikov. Velja za
avtorico priljubljenega izraza »razhroščevanje« za iskanje in odpravo
računalniških napak na podlagi resničnega nočnega metulja, ki so ga dejansko
odstranili iz računalnika (hrošč). Zaradi širine njenih dosežkov in
mornariškega čina jo včasih imenujejo »Osupljiva Grace« (Amazing Grace). Po
njej se imenuje mornariški rušilec USS Hopper (DDG-70) in superračunalnik
Cray XE6 »Hopper« v nacionalnem raziskovalnem računalniškem središču NERSC v
She is pioneer in the field of informatics, who developed the first compiler
for a computer programming language and created one of the first modern
computer programming languages - COBOL - which were developed independently
from equipments. She was an U.S. Navy Rear Admiral. A destroyer - USS Hopper
and a supercomputer - Cray XE6 Hopper were named after her.
RO - 6704
16.1. 1897 -
Turška gledališka igralka
TR - 3171
Ukrajinska šahistka je od leta 2004 zastopala Slovenijo na mednarodnih tekmovanjih.
Od leta 2014 zopet nastopa za Ukrajino. Na mladinskem svetovnem prvenstvu.
leta 2010 je osvojila 1. mesto.
Ukrainian chess player
since 2004 has represented Slovenia at international competitions. From
2014, again acting for Ukraine. At the Junior World Championships. in 2010
she won 1st place.
UA - 1511
Marija 21.09.1992 -
UA - 1511
Wenche 1947 -
She had her
first big hit in 1962 with Katta vĺr. She took part in the Norwegian heats
for the Eurovision Song Contest in 1964 with La meg vćre ung. Though only
third in the heats, this song was clearly the real winner and became a huge
hit. Wenche Myhre soon won international acclaim. She had the honour of
representing Germany in the ESC in London in 1968 and started singing with
well-known Swedish entertainer Povel Ramel the same year. She has always
been very popular in Norway.
Članica grške olimpijske water polo ekipe, ki je
na OI 2004 v Atenah osvojila srebrno medaljo.
She won silver medal OG
2004 Athene: greek water polo team.
31.1.1902 - 1.2.1986
Alva Reimer Myrdal, a sociologist, former diplomat, and former Swedish cabinet member. One of the Myrdals' major works was
The Crisis in the Population Question (1934). Alva Myrdal served as Sweden's disarmament negotiator to the United Nations (1962-73) and as a cabinet minister in charge of disarmament and church affairs (1966-73). From 1973 on, she wrote and lectured on disarmament; for these efforts she was awarded the 1982 Nobel Peace Prize, with Alfonso Garcia Robles of Mexico. Her books include
The Game of Disarmament (1977).
S - 1698
Grška športnica, dobitnica srebrne medalje
na OI 2004 v Atenah v tekwandoju v kategoriji 57-67 kg.
Greek sportwoman won silver medal OG
2004 Athene: in taekwondo 57-67 kg women.
GR - 2257