ZNAMENITE ŽENSKE NA ZNAMKAH

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Babović Spasenija 25.3.1908 - 17.12.1977
Jugoslovanska politična delavka je leta 1927 postala član SKOJ-a, 1928 pa KPJ. Od aprila 1941 je delala na organizaciji upora v Srbiji. Na njeno iniciativo je bila v Bosanskem Petrovcu v decembru 1942 prva konferenca antifašistk Jugoslavije, kjer je bila izvoljena za prvo predsednico. Po vojni je bila na različnih partijskih in družbenih funkcijah. Narodni heroj.

Yugoslav political worker. Member of the Communist party from 1927, jailed because of her activities 1937-39, member of the Central Committees of both Serbia and Yugoslavia. Partisan 1941-45 and member of Military Committee of Serbia. First Chairperson of the Antifascist Women Front and deputy to Serbian and Yugoslav assemblies, later member of the Council of the Federation. Medal of the National Hero.

 
   
      YU - 2040


Babs Alice 26.1.1924 - 11.2.2014
Švedska pevka ima dolgo kariero saj je bila znana pevka že, ko je bila najstnica. Znana je postala s svojim jodlanjem, prvo ploščo je posnela pri 15-tih, njen prvi hit je bila pesem Swing It, Mr. Teacher. V času druge svetovne vojne je snemala jazzovske in swingovske pesmi. Babsova je bila aktivna še v 50-tih in 60-letih, ko je pela v glavnem jazz in pop. 

A popular singer when she was still a young teenager, Alice Babs has had a long and varied career. She made her recording debut in 1939 at the age of 15 and, although her yodelling made her initially popular and the novelty Swing It, Mr. Teacher was her first hit, Babs even at the start had a highly appealing voice and a lightly swinging style. She mostly recorded in jazz and swing-oriented settings throughout the years of World War II. Babs remained active throughout the 1950s and '60s in Europe, singing everything from jazz (recording with Duke Elington in 1963 and performing the classic Heaven at his second spiritual concert) and pop to a bit of classical music. In 1958, she was the first artist to represent Sweden in the Eurovision Song Contest, finishing in 4th place with the song Lilla stjärna (Little Star). By the late '70s, Alice Babs had become less active but into the mid-'90s, she occasionally performed on special occasions.

S - 2111


BABUSHKINA Olesya 30.1.1989 -
Beloruska gimnastičarka je na OI 2008 v Pekingu osvojila bronasto medaljo v ekipnem gimnastičnem tekmovanju (na privesku BY-blok-77).
Na znamki BY-819 je Aksana Miankova.
Na priveskih BY-blok-77 so še druge beloruske dobitnice medalj na OI 2008 v Pekingu: Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Julija Bičik, Natalija Helakh, Natallia Mikhnevich, Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Glafira Martinovich, Ksenia Sankovich, Zinaida Lunina.

She is a Belarusian gymnast. At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Babushkina won a bronze medal as a member of the Belarusian women's rhythmic gymnastics team.
On stamp
BY-819 is Aksana Miankova.
On labels of sheet
BY-blok-77 are also other Belarus women winners of medals in OG Bejing: Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Julija Bičik, Natalija Helakh, Natallia Mikhnevich, Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Glafira Martinovich, Ksenia Sankovich, Zinaida Lunina.

     
 
                
BY - blok-77, BY - 819
BACEWICZ Grażyna 5.2.1909 - 17.1.1969
Skladateljica se je rodila v poljsko-litovski družini z glasbeno tradicijo. Kompozicijo, klavir in violino je študirala na Varšavskem državnem konservatoriju. V letih 1932-33 je študirala kompozicijo v Parizu pri Nadjii Boulanger

She was born into a Polish-Lithuanian family with music traditions. First violin and piano lessons were given to Grażyna by her father, Wincenty Bacewicz. Since 1919 Grażyna Bacewicz was a student of the Helena Kijeńska-Dobkiewicz Conservatory. She studied composition in Ecole Normale de Musique in Paris (1932-33) where she was supervised by a celebrated Nadia Boulanger.

 

          PL -
4426

Bachauer Gina 21.5.1913 - 22.8.1976
Grška pianistka je pogosto nastopala v Evropi in ZDA. Bila je prijateljica Maurica Abravanela. Pogosto je nastopala z Utaškim simfoničnim orkestrom. Po njej se imenuje klavirsko tekmovanje, ki privablja mlade pianiste celega sveta. Prvo tako tekmovanje je bilo 1996. Odvija se vsako leto.

She was a Greek classical pianist who toured extensively in the United States and Europe. She was a close friend of Maurice Abravanel, and often appeared with the Utah Symphony Orchestra. The Gina Bachauer International Piano Competition was started in 1996. It attracts young pianists from all over the world to Brigham Young University each year.

   
         GR - 1472

Backer Harriet 21.1.1845 - 25.3.1932
Norveška slikarka je pod vplivom impresionizma slikala notranjščine s svetlobnimi učinki. Imela je svojo slikarsko šolo, kjer se je šolalo mnogo mladih slikarjev. Na znamki N-847 je ena njenih najlepših del: Modri interier iz leta 1883. Mehka svetloba, ki sije skozi okno in ženska pri vezenju ustvarjata vzdušje miru in tišine. Backer Harriet in Kieland Kitty sta znani slikarki, ki sta študirali v Evropi in postali dobri prijateljici.   

She was influenced by impressionists. Evidence of that is the use of light and colours in her essentially naturalistic paintings. On the stamp N-847 is one of her most beautiful paintings Blue Interior from 1883. The soft light from the window and a woman with her needle work creates an atmosphere of peace and quietness. She had also her own art school which became important for many younger painters. Backer Harriet and Kielland Kitty are two famous women painters. When young both studied in Europe and became close friends.

   
             N - 847
Baden-Powell Olave 22.2.1889 - 25.6.1977
Vdova lorda Baden-Powell, ustanovitelja svetovnega skavtskega gibanja, voditeljica skavtinj.


Widow of Lord Baden-Powell, founder of world Scouting movements. Lady was Chief Girl Guide of the World.

  
               
 Man - 274

BADIN Lilian 1929 - 2012
Belgijska umetnica izdelovalka tapeserij. Na znamki je del njene tapiserije: Vihar.

Belgian artist - tapestry maker,. On stamp is detail of her tapestry: The Storm.

    

                 B - 4515


Baers Maria 20.9.1883 - 30.12.1959
Prva Belgijka senatorka je soustanoviteljica Krščanske ženske delavske lige in Ženske katoliške socialne šole. Med 2. svetovno vojno je pomagala ranjencem. Delovala je na področjih ženskega izobraževanja, ženskih pravic in javnega zdravstva.

Maria Baers  was first Belgian Woman Senator. She founded national organization out of which came the Christian Women Workers` League and the Women`s Catholic Social School. During WW2 she founded Committes to help the Wounded. She was one of organizers of Family Counselling Service. Her main interst were women`s education, women`s rights and public health.

 
   
  B - 1615
Bagrjana Elisaveta 16.4.1893 - 23.3.1991
Bolgarska pesnica s pravim imenom Elisaveta Belčeva. Skupaj z Doro Gabe jo smatrajo za eno od »mater« bolgarske literature. Na sofijski univerzi je študirala slovansko filologijo. Njene prve pesmi Why in NIght Song so izšle leta 1915 v reviji Contemporary Thought . Zletom 1921 se je vsa posvetila literaturi. Objavljala je v revijah Newspaper of the Woman  in Modernity. Z izdajo svoje prve knjige The Eternal and the Holy  leta 1925 je dobila priznanje tudi pri svojih vrstnikih. Začela je pisati tudi zgodbe za otroke.

She was a Bulgarian poet who wrote her first verses while living with her family in Veliko Tarnovo in 1907–08. She, along with Dora Gabe (1886–1983), is considered one of the Bulgarian mothers of literature. She studied Slavic philology at Sofia University. Her first poems - Why ("Защо") and Night Song ("Вечерна песен") - were published in 1915 in the magazine Contemporary Thought (Съвременна мисъл). By 1921, she was already active in the literary life, and was collaborating on the Newspaper of the Woman ("Вестник на жената") and the magazine Modernity ("Съвременник"), among other publications. With the arrival of her first book, The Eternal and the Holy ("Вечната и святата", 1927), she earned the confirmation of her peers. She also started writing children's storie.

 
              BG - 3223

Bajul Oksana 16.11.1977 -
Ukrajinska umetnostna drsalka je na zimskih olimpijskih igrah v Lillehammerju 1994 osvojila zlato medaljo, prvo olimpijsko zlato za Ukrajino.
Na bloku UA-159-160 je tudi
Valentina Tserbe.

Ukrainian figure skater who won first Ukrainian gold medal in Winter Olympics - Lillehammer 1994.
On sheet
UA-159-160 is also Valentina Tserbe.
 

 
                          UA -
159-160
BajOr Gizi 19.5.1893 - 12.2.1951
Madžarska igralka je leta 1914 diplomirala na Igralski akademiji v Budimpešti. Bila je članica Narodnega gledališča v Budimpešti. Je ena največjih igralk vseh časov.  Znana je po svojih vlogah v Shakespearovih delih. Leta 1950 je bila odlikovana z nazivom "Ljudski umetnik republike Madžarske". 
Na bloku H-3841 so tudi Roza Deryne Szeppataki, Lujza Blaha in Emilia Markus.

Hungarian actress. She graduated in  1914 in Academy of Dramatic Art in Budapest. She played with National Theatre of Budapest. She was of greatest actress of the time. Excelled in classic roles notably Shakespeare`s  heroines. Encouraged an interest in modern Hungarian drama. Named "People`s Artist of the Republic of Hungary" 1950.
On sheet H-3841 are also Roza Deryne Szeppataki, Lujza Blaha and Emilia Markus.

        
                                  H - 3841

Baker Josephine 3.6.1906 - 12.4.1975
Francoska plesalka v kabarejih, pevka blusa, filmska igralka. Pri šestnajstih letih se je pridružila zboru črnih pevcev na ameriški turneji in kmalu vzbudila pozornost s svojimi odličnimi norčijami in plesom. Leta 1924 je na Broadweju igrala glavno vlogo v The Chocolate Dandies. Leta 1925 je v Parizu v La revue negre povzročila senzacijo, ko je plesal oblečena samo v niz banan. Leta 1937 je postala francoska državljanka. Odlikovana je bila z legijo časti za sodelovanje v odporniškem gibanju med drugo svetovno vojno. Po vojni se je posvetila svojemu "mavričnemu plemenu", skupini otrok vseh ras, ki jih je posvojila. Kar pol stoletja je Bakerjeva ostala bleščeča mednarodno zvezda.

Josephine Baker, an entertainer, personified "le jazz hot" for the French in the 1920s and '30s. At the age of 16, she joined the chorus of the all-black musical Shuffle Along on a post-Broadway American tour and soon attracted attention with her brilliant clowning and dancing. In 1924 she was featured on Broadway in The Chocolate Dandies. In 1925 she starred in Paris in La Revue negre and created a sensation as a dancer clad only in a string of bananas. She remained in Paris as a star at the Folies Bergere, a blues singer, and a film actress, and became a French citizen in 1937. Baker was honored by France for her work in the French resistance during World War II. After the war she devoted much of her time and resources to her "rainbow tribe," a group of babies of all races whom she had adopted. Baker remained a glamorous international star for half a century, despite intermittent periods of retirement. She enjoyed notably triumphant appearances on Broadway in 1964 and 1973.

 
        F - 3046

BAKER Natasha 30.12.1989 -
Britanska jahalka je na paraolimpijadi 2012 v Londonu osvojila dve zlati medalji v dresurnem jahanju.

She is a British para-equestrian and won two gold medals at the 2012 Summer Paralympics in London: individual championship test grade II (GB-3333) and in dividual freestyle test grade II. (GB-3342).


            
 
                                   GB - 3342                                                               GB - 3333
BALAS Iolanda 12.12.1936 - 11.3.2016
Romunska atletinja je ena največji skakalk v višino. Prvi svetovni rekord je s 1,75 metra postavila leta 1956. V naslednjih osmih letih pa ga je še trinajstkrat izboljšala. Dvakrat, leta 1960 v Rimu (
RO-2348) in 1964 v Tokiu (RO-2351) je zmagala na olimpijskih igrah. Med leti 1956 in 1966 je kar 140-krat zmagala. Njen rekord 1,91 m, ki ga je postavila leta 1961 ni nobeden premagal celih 10 let.

Iolanda Balas was the greatest high jumper ever. She set her first world record in 1956 on July 14th when she cleared 1m 75cm and during the next eight years improved upon it thirteen times. During that period she won the 1960 (RO-2348) and 1964 (RO-2351) Olympic titles and won eighty contests with leaps higher than any other woman in history had achieved. In total between 1956 and 1966 she won 140 competitions. She was phenomenal. Her final world record of 191 cm, set on 16th July 1961 in Sofia, was 7cm higher than the second best woman high jumper of all time. That record lasted for ten years.

         
            
RO - 2348                      RO - 2351                     RO - 5889

 
    RO - 2018        RO - 2356, 2359    


BALASHI Adelina
Albanska pisateljica in scenaristka. Na znamki
AL-3322 je prizor iz njene komedije: Stavba 187.

Albanian writer and scenarist.
On
AL-3322 scene from her comedy:  Building 176.

  

                AL - 3322

Balean Norma 29.10.1907 - 30.11.1989
Norveška igralka je bila dolga leta ena najpopularnejših igralk v Bergnu. Gledalci so občudovali njen talent, privlačnost in igralske sposobnosti. Pred drugo svetovno vojno, med njo in po njej je nastopala v operetah, komedijah in mjuziklih v Bergnu. Uspešnost predstav je bila velikokrat odvisna prav od nje. Velik uspeh je dosegla z opereto Cirkuška princesa. Igrala pa je tudi v resnih gledaliških vlogah: Hamlet, Peer Gynt in druge.

Norma Balean was one of Bergen's most popular actresses for many years. Her audiences, both young and old, were fascinated by her charisma, charm and acting skills. Before, during and after World War II, she took part in operettas, comedies and musicals at Den Nasjonale Scene in Bergen. These productions were often quite dependent on Norma Balean's participation. At the age of 21, Norma was contracted by the theatre, which was looking for a young, dark-haired girl of her age with a pretty face and a good singing voice. A combination of these qualities gave Norma Balean a part in Emmerich Kalman's operetta, Die Zirkusprinzessin. This led from success to success, including roles in theatre's serious repertoire: Hamlet, Peer Gynt, and others. The many comedies and musicals in which Norma Balean starred attracted audiences who are not registered as regular theatre visitors.

  
         N -1421

Balin Mireille 20.7.1909 - 9.11.1968
Francoska filmska igralka je blestela v letih med vojnama. Z Jeanom Gabinom je igrala v dveh najuspešnejših francoskih filmih 30.tih let: Pepe le Moko in Gueule d`amour. V času druge svetovne vojne je igrala v nekaj filmih in postala idol pariške visoke družbe. Zaljubila se je v oficirja nemške vojske Birla Desboka. Ob koncu vojne sta poskušala pred zavezniki pobegniti v Italijo,vendar so ju ujeli. Desboka so verjetno ustrelili, njo pa pretepli, posili in zaprli. Pod jamščino so jo leta 1945 izpustili in ji prepovedali igrati. Po prepovedi je leta 1948 igrala v svojem zadnjem filmu Dernière chevauchée, La. Zaradi slabega zdravja je namreč prenehala nastopati. Umrla je zlomljena in pozabljena.    

Mireille Balin was one the most glamorous and best loved actresses of pre-war French cinema. She appeared in two of the best remembered French films of the 1930s: Pépé le Moko (1937) and Gueule d'amour (1937), both opposite Jean Gabin. After the German occupation of France she starred in several films and became the idol of the Paris High Society where she met the love of her life, Birl Desbok, an officer in the Wehrmacht. In the summer of 1944, as Paris was about to be liberated, she and Desbok fled Paris and tried to reach the Italian border but they were arrested by the FFI. Separated from Desbok, who was probably executed (she never knew what really happened to him), she was beaten and raped before being taken to prison. She was  released on bail on 1945. She was forbidden to work for a year but once this restriction lifted, she went back to the studios to appear in what proved to be her last film Dernière chevauchée, La (1948), her frail constitution prevented her from appearing in any other films. She died forgotten and broke.

 
           F - 2573

BALL Angeline 1969 -
Irska igralka je svojo pevsko kariero začela leta 1990 v kabareju v Dublinu. Skupaj z
Bronagh Gallagher in Mario Doyle  (obe sta tudi na znamki IE-969) je leta 1991 zaigrala v filmu The Commitments, ki govori o soul glasbeni skupini iz Dublina.  Ta vloga jo je proslavila. Začela je nastopati v irskih in ameriških filmih, nastopila je tudi v TV seriji Over the rainbow za katero je sama napisala glasbo.  Za vlogo Molly v filmu Bloom je leta 2011 prijela irsko filmsko nagrado za najboljšo igralko.     

She is an Irish actress. She began to sing professionally in cabaret in Dublin 1990. She acted in The Commitments (about a musical group, which also starred Bronagh Gallagher and Maria Doyle (all three actresses are on stamp IE-969), Bloom, Brothers in Trouble and the TV series Any Time Now.

  
                  IE - 969

BANJA Bernadeta 1912 - 15.12.1941
Družba sester Hčerke Božje ljubezni, ki jo je leta 1868 na Dunaju ustanovila Franciska Lechner, je začela 1882 delovati v Sarajevu. Samostan Marijin dom na Palah je bil odprt 1911. Vojnega leta 1941 se je tu znašlo pet sester: Jula Ivanišević, Berchmana Leidenix, Krizina Bojanc, Antonija Fabjan in Bernadeta Banja. 11 decembra so jih četniki nasilno odpeljali proti Goraždu, samostan pa oplenili in požgali. Po štirih dneh v mrazu in snegu so prišle v Goražde. Tam so četniki vdrli v njihovo sobo. Sestre so v obrambo svojega človeškega dostojanstva poskakale skozi okno. Četniki so poškodovane nune ubili in zmetali v Drino. Sestro Berchmana, ki so jo zaradi onemoglosti med potjo pustili v v Sjetlini, so ubili osem dni kasneje. 24.septembra 2011 so bile proglašene za blažene.

The sisters of the Daughters of Divine Charity, which were established in Vienna in 1868 by Franciska Lechner, began its work in 1882 in Sarajevo, where the nuns came at the invitation of Archbishop Josip Stadler. At the Convent of Saint Mary’s Home in Pale, opened in 1911, the 1941 war has caught five sisters: Jula Ivanišević, Berchmana Leidenix, Krizina Bojanc, Antonija Fabjan and Bernadeta Banja. On the 11 December Serbian fighters chetniks looted the house, burned it down and forced five sisters to walk in the direction of Goražde Their four-day way of the cross at freezing temperatures and snow, along with the interrogations, has led to Sjetline, where the 76-year old Berchmana, exhausted from the walk and all the events, was separated from the group and forced to remain behind. Other sisters reached Goražde on 15 December 1941 and were placed in the military barracks on the 2nd floor. On the same evening, the chetniks broke into the room with the impure intentions and assaulted them. In defense of their human dignity, sisters broke loose from hands of their attackers and one by one jumped out through the window. The cetnicks have killed injured nuns with knives and thrown their bodies into the River Drina. Sr. Berchmana was killed eight days later, on 23 December in Sjetlina.
    
           BA - 324
Banky Vilma 9.1.1989 - 18.3.1991
Filmska igralka se je rodila kot Vilma Lonchit na Madžarskem. Odkril jo je Sam Godwyn in jo odpeljal v Hollywood kjer je nastopila ob Rudolfu Valentinu v filmu Orel (1925) in leta 1926 v filmu Šejkov sin. Najbolj je znana kot soigralka lepega glavnega igralca Ronalda Colmana. Skupaj sta igrala v petih filmih. Z razvojem zvočnega filma je njena kariera ugasnila, saj njena angleščina z hudim naglasom gledalcem ni ugajala. V poznih 20-tih letih se je poslovila od filma in se poročila z igralcem Rod la Rocgue. Leta 1932 je igrala v svojem zadnjem filmu Der Rebekk. Vilma je umrla leta 1991, toda vest o njeni smrti so na njeno željo objavili šele naslednje leto.

She was born Vilma Lonchit, near Budapest. She was discovered by Sam Goldwyn who was taken her exquisite beaty and brought her to Hollywood in 1925 to star opposite Rudolph Valentino in The Eagle, and subsequently, The son of the Sheik (1926). Bankly is best known for the work she did opposite handsome leading man Ronald Colman. They appeared in five films together and their chemistry was magical. Unfortunately Bankey`s career died with the advent of sound because audiences found it difficult to understand her heavily accented English. She retired from films in the late 1920s after marrying movie star Rod la Rocque; they stayed together until he died in 1969. In 1932 she made one last film, Der Rebekk. Bankley died in 1991, but news of her passing was not announced until 1992 for it was embittered Banky`s dying request that her death not be formally announced.

  
         
I - 2403


BAntzinger Pearl Jettie 27.5.1921 - 22.8.2013
Nizozemska pevka je bila najbolj popularna v 50. in 60. letih prejšnjega stoletja. Med drugo svetovno vojno je v Londonu sodelovala v obdajah radia nizozemske vlade Oranje, kjer je bila znana kot Jetti iz radia Oranje. Leta 1956 je s pesmijo De Vogels Van Holland zastopala Nizozemsko na prvem evrovizijskem pevskem tekmovanju.  Tekmovanje so predvajali samo po radiu, predvajali so samo zmagovalno pesem.
 
She is a Dutch singer, who was most famous in the 1950s and 1960s. During the World War II, she lived in London, as the Netherlands was occupied by Nazi Germany. There she participated in the broadcasts of Radio Oranje, the Dutch government in exile, and was known as Jetje van Radio Oranje ("Jetty of Radio orange"). In 1956 she represented the Netherlands in the first Eurovision Song Contest with the song De Vogels Van Holland (The Birds of Holland) written by Annie M.G. Schmidt and composed by Cor Lemaire. At the time the contest was only broadcast via radio, and only the winning song was announced.


  
           
 NL - 1477


BARAS Sara 25.4.1972 -
Španska plesalka flamenka je mednarodno priznana in nastopa po vsem svetu. Plesati se je naučila v šoli svoje matere Conche Bara. Prejela je številne nagrade, med drugim je bila v letih 1993, 1999 in 2001 proglašena za najboljšo špansko plesalko flamenka. Na španski TV je leta 1998 imela oddajo Algo Mas Que FLamenco (Več kot flamenko).

Spanish flamenco dancer is internationally famous and regularly tours the world. She was taught to dance by her mother, Concha Baras, who ran a dance school. She was gaining a reputation when she joined guitarist Manuel Morao's company in 1989. She has won a number of awards including the Madroño Flamenco of Montellano (Seville) in 1993, and in 1999 and 2001, she received a prize for the Best Female Spanish Dance Performer.She has increasingly worked across all forms of media including television, film and the fashion catwalks. In 1998 she presented the programme Algo Más Que Flamenco on TVE.

    

                                             E - 3596


Barbara 9.6.1930 - 24.11.1997
Francoska pevka s pravim imenom Monique je svojo kariero začela v petdesetih letih stoletja s prepevanjem pesmi Jacquesa Brela in Georgesa Brassa. V 60. letih pa se je proslavila s svojimi še danes znanimi pesmimi: L'Aigle Noir, Ma plus belle histoire d'amour, c'est vous, Il Pleut sur Nantes in Gottingen.

French singer Barbara, whose real name was Monique Serf, began her career in the 1950's performing songs by Brel and Brassens, but she made her name in the 1960's with her own songs, songs that remain popular to this day, among them L'Aigle Noir (Black Eagle), Ma plus belle histoire d'amour, c'est vous (You are my most beautiful love story), Il Pleut sur Nantes (It's Raining in Nantes) and Gottingen. She belonged to the tradition of French-language singers like Jacques Brel, Georges Brassens and Leo Ferre for whom music was to a large measure a vehicle for poetry, sometimes humorous, more often nostalgic or even tragic.

 
     
F - 3536

Barbarina La
glej CAMPANINI Barbara.

see CAMPANINI Barbara.


BARDEY Jeanne 12.4.1872 - 13.10.1954

Bardey Jeanne was a French painter and sculptor is known for being the last student of Auguste Rodin. Most of her works (sculptures, drawings, engravings, paintings) are exhibited today at the Museum of Decorative Arts in Lyon. On stamp is her statue of bronze woman's head: Tête de la Chasteté.

  
                F - 6768
BARRIE Amanda  14.9.1935 -
Britanska filmska igralka ja natopala v številnih filmskih in televizijskih vlogah. Natopila je tudi v dveh TV filmih iz serije Carry On: Carry on Cab (1963) in Carry on Cleo (1964). Verjetno pa je najbolj znana po vlogi žene lastnika kavarne v sentimentalnem filmu Coronation Street.
Na znamki GB-2654 je tudi Joan Sims.

An English actress has acted in a number of British television and film roles in the 1960s and 1970s. She was also in two of the Carry On films, an extensive series of British comedy films. She had a supporting turn as a cab driver in Carry On Cabby (1963) and took the title role in Carry on Cleo (1964). She is probably best known for her role as a café proprietor's wife, on the British soap opera Coronation Street.
On stamp GB-2654 is also Joan Sims.
 

  
               GB - 2654

BARSZCZEWSKA Elzbieta 29.11.1913 - 14.10.1987
Poljska gledališka in filmska igralka je študirala Varšavi. Diplomirala je leta 1934. Isto leto je tudi dbirala v Poljskem gledališču v vlogi Helene iz Shakespearove Poletne moči. Med okupacijo je delala kot natakarica v kavarni Bodo. Marca 1941 so jo Nemci aretirali. Po vojni je igrala v gledališči Teatr Polski in v Narodnem gledališču.

Polish theatre and film actress studied acting at Warsaw PIST. Graduated in 1934 and debuted at the Polish Theater in role Helena from in Shakespeare's Summer Night. During the occupation she worked as a waitress at Cafe Bodo. In March 1941 she was arrested by the Germans. After the war she worked at the Teatr Polski and at the National Theater.

  
        PL - 4882

Bartlett Marie 1677 - 1741
Žena bogatega angleškega trgovca. Po njegovi smrti je nadaljevala z njegovim delom. Uvažala je premog, vino in alkohol. Po smrti je svoj denar namenila ustanovitvi bolnice za revne v St. Aubinsu.

Wife of wealthy English merchant. After death of her husband, she continued his business of importing coal, wine and spirits. She left her money to establish a hospital for the poor in St Aubins.

 
     Jersey - 548

BARTUSZOVA Maria 24.4.1936 - 22.12.1996
Češka kiparka je živela in ustvarjala od začetka 60. let do svoje prezgodnje smrti v Košicah. Študirala je na Akademiji za umetnost, arhitekturo in oblikovanje v Pragi, specializirala se je za keramiko in porcelan. Mavčni odlitek Brez naslova (1980 - 1989), ki je predstavljen na znamki je iz zbirke Slovaške Narodne galerije. Je primer dolgega niza njenih majhnih del, ki pomenijo višek in  konec njenega kiparstva.

A sculptor from the Czech Republic lived and created works of art from the beginning of 60s until her untimely death in Košice. She studied at the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design in Prague, specialising in ceramics and porcelain. A plaster cast Untitled (1980 – 1989) which is depicted on postage stamp from the collection of the Slovak National Gallery is representative of an open series of her small-size works in her prime, which was also the final period of her sculpting.

  
                SK - 802
Bastie Maryse 27.2.1898 - 15.7.1952
Francoska pilotka je dosegla veliko letalskih rekordov: - rekord v trajanju poleta za ženske 37 ur in 55 minut (1930), - ženski rekord v dolžini poleta 2976 km (1931), - ženski rekord v preletu južnega Atlantika v 12 urah in 5 minutah (1936). Umrla je v letalski nesreči.

She was captain of the Air Force, with 3.000 hours of flight. Some of her recordes: - the international record of duration female in 37 hours 55 minutes (1930), - the international female record of distance, with 2.976 kilometers (1931), - the female crossing of the South Atlantic in 12 hours 5 minutes (1936). She died in flaying accident.
 

 
            F - 1051
   
Baumann Edith 1.8.1909 - 7.4.1973
Nemška feministka in socialistka, v letih 1948-53 članica političnega vodstva DDR in žena predsednika DDR Ericha Honeckerja (1947-53).

German feminist and socialist. She was member of socialist party of Germany (1927-31). In 1933 she was arested and sentenced to jail for three years. She was secretary of Socialist Unity Party (1939-53) for women`s affair. She was a wife of Erich Honecker (1947-53) president of DDR.

  
      GDR - 3222

umer Gertrud 12. 9.1873 - 25.3.1954
Nemška učiteljica in pisateljica. Skupaj s Heleno Lange sta objavljali v tedniku  Die frau članke posvečene ženskam in njihovim novim vlogam v družbi. S Theodoro Heuss je delala pri časopisu Hilfe. Bila je članica notranjega ministrstva in delegatka Zveze narodov.

German teacher, feminist, writer. Co-publiser with Helene Lange of weekly paper Die frau devoted to women and their changing role in society. Worked on Hilfe magazine with Theodore Heuss. Member of Ministry of the Interior and a delegate of the League of Nations.

   
            
D - 793


BAUSCH Pina 27. 7.1940 - 30.6.2009
Nemška plesalka, koreografinja, plesna učiteljica in direktorica.

Pina Bausch was a German performer of modern dance, choreographer, dance teacher and ballet director.

    
                   D - 3166

Beauvoir Simone de 9.1.1908 - 14.4.1986
Francoska pisateljica in feministka, učenka in življenjska sopotnica Jeana Paula Sartra, z njim je urejala časopis Les Temps Moderne. Leta 1929 je končala študij filozofije na Sorboni. Do leta 1943 je poučevala. V prvem romanu Povabljenka je opisala zapleten odnos konkurenčnih zavesti dveh bitij. Njeno najpomembnejše delo s katerim je vzbudila mednarodno pozornost je Drugi spol (1949). To je eno temeljnih del feminističnega gibanja v kasnejših letih. V njem je analizirala podrejen položaj žensk in se energično zavzela za njihovo enakopravnost.

She was a French writer and feminist. A disciple and consort of Jean Paul Sartre, she played a leading part in the existentialist movement. After receiving a degree in philosophy from the Sorbonne in 1929, Beauvoir was a teacher before she turned to fiction with She Came to Stay (1943), a novel illustrating the existentialist idea of freedom through an autonomous act. She further elaborated on this philosophy in The Blood of Others (1945), All Men Are Mortal (1946), and The Mandarins (1954), a fictionalized account of Jean Paul Sartre and his existentialist circle, for which she won the Prix Goncourt. Her most important nonfictional work is The Second Sex (1949), a comprehensive study of the secondary role of women in society. The book is widely credited with inspiring the women's liberation movements - both in Europe and the United States - that began in the late 1960s. Beauvoir later published a distinguished series of autobiographical volumes - Memoirs of a Dutiful Daughter (1958), The Prime of Life (1960), The Force of Circumstance (1963) - which describe her own life and that of her contemporaries from her early twenties on. She continued in a similar vein in A Very Easy Death (1964), about her mother's last days; The Coming of Age (1970), in which she comes to grips with approaching old age; and All Said and Done (1972). In their entirety, Simone de Beauvoir's works form an inestimable intellectual history of contemporary France.

  
      
 B - 3087

BECHTOLSHEIMER Laura 31.1.1985 -
V Nemčiji rojena dresurna jahalka je na olimpijskih igrah 2012 v Londonu skupaj z Carlom Hester in Charlotte Dujardin dobila zlato medaljo v ekipnem dresurnem jahanju.

She is a German-born British dressage rider competing at Olympic level. As of 30 June 2012 the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI) rank her 3rd in the world riding Mistral Højris and 36th on Andretti H. In 2012 she, Carl Hester and Charlotte Dujardin won the gold medal in the Olympic team dressage event.

    
                                          GB - 3313

BEDNAROVA Eva 8.5.1937 - 6.12.1986
Čehoslovaška slikarka je študirala v Pragi in leta 1969 dobila nagrado na Bratislavskem bienalu otroške ilustracije. 
Na znamki CZ-2029 je njena ilustracija iz Kitajske pravljice

Czech  artist studied in Prague at College of Applied Art. She won a prize in BIB (Bienalle of Illustrations for Children`s Books) in bratislava in 1969.

   
            CZ - 2029
 
BEFFORT Anne 4.7.1880 - 20.7.1966
Luksemburška učiteljica je najprej  poučevala v osnovni šoli. S pomočju štipendije luksembuške vlade, je študirala v Münstru in na Sorboni. Leta 1908 je kot prva luksemburžanka doktorirala. Skupaj z Aline Mayrisch sta ustanovili prvo javno šolo za  mlada dekleta, kjer je Anne učila francoščino. Med 2. svetovno vojno so ji Nemci prepovedali učiti. Po vojni je v časopisih objavljala članke o luksemburško-francoskih kulturnih odnosih. Leta 1937 je sodelovala pri ustanovitvi Zveze prijateljev Vikto Hugo. V Luksemburgu od leta 2003 podeljujejo nagrado imenovano po njej za delovanje na področju enakih možnosti žensk in moških   

Holder of a teaching certificate, Anne Beffort began teaching at a primary school. This allowed her to put aside some modest savings, suffi cient though to pursue her aim: university studies. After receiving a subsidy from the Luxembourg government, she enrolled first at Münster, then at the Sorbonne. She was the first Luxembourger to present a doctoral thesis, entitled “Alexandre Soumet, his life, his works (1908)”. Upon her return to Luxembourg, Anne Beffort was asked by Aline Mayrisch to participate in the creation of the first public school for young girls. Anne Beffort taught French in this school which bears the name Robert Schuman. She was relieved from her duties by the German occupier during World War II. Anne Beffort published numerous articles in the daily press and in Luxembourg magazines, sensitizing public opinion on French-Luxembourg cultural relations. In 1937, she was the co-founder of the Friends of the Victor Hugo House Association in Vianden. She chaired this association until her death. Since 2003 the “Anne Beffort” prize is awarded each year by the Town of Luxembourg to a person or organisation working in the domain of equal opportunity between men and women.

    
 
                    
L - 1874

BEINHORN Elly 30.5.1907 - 28.11.2007
Ena najbolj znanih nemških pilotk 20. stoletja. V 30. letih 20. stoletja je postavila več rekordov v dolgih poletih. Bila je žena avtomobilskega dirkača Bernd Rosemeyer (1909-1938).

German pilot, one of the most famous German female pilots in the 20th century. She set many long-distance flight records in the 1930s.  She was wife of the racing driver Bernd Rosemeyer (1909-1938).
 
   

                    D - 2814


BEKATOROU Sofia 26.12.1977 -
Grška veslačica je skupaj z Aimilio Tsoulfa na OI 2004 v Atenah osvojila zlato medaljo v veslanju.

Gold medal OG 2004 Athene: 470 - Two Person Dinghy Women with Aimilia Tsoulfa.

  
         GR - 2245

BELEN Ana 27.5.1951 -
Španska igralka in pevka s pravim imenom María del Pilar Cuesta Acosta.

Ana Belén is the stage name of María del Pilar Cuesta Acosta a Spanish actress and singer.

    
 
                                             E - 4167

BELLOU Sotiria 22.8.1921 - 27.8.1997
Grška pevka in ena najbolj znanih izvajalk rebetiko, vrste grške ljudske glasbe, ki se je razvila v 60. in 70. letih. Leta 1984 ja nastopila v britanskem dokumentarnem filmu  Music of the Outsiders.

Sotiria Bellou was a famous Greek singer and performer of the Greek rebetiko (kinds of urban Greek folk music which have come to be grouped together since the so-called rebetika revival, which started in the 1960s and developed further from the early 1970s onwards) style of music. She was one of the most famous rebetisas of all, mentioned in many music guides, and a contributor to the 1984 British Documentary entitled Music of the Outsiders. On 14 March 2010, Alpha TV ranked Bellou the 22nd top-certified female artist in the nation's phonographic era (since 1960).

GR - 2571


Benario-Prestes Olga 12.2.1908 - 2.1942
Nemška komunistka je bila rojena v judovski družini. Pri 15. se je pridružila komunistični stranki. Leta 1928 je na sodišču smelo branila  komunističnega tovariša Otta Brauna. Oba sta odšla v Moskvo, kjer je bila Olga pohvaljena. Postala je članica Kominterna in se vojaško izurila. Vodila je akcijo za varno vrnitev brazilskega komunista Luisa Carlosa Prestesa, ki naj bi 1935 vodil komunistično revolucijo. Revolucija ni uspela, Olgo in Prestesa so aretirali. Olgo so poslali v Nemčijo, kjer so jo zaprli v koncentracijsko taborišče Bernburg, kjer so jo usmrtili v plinski celici.

Olga Benario Prestes was born in a Jewish family in Munich. Her father Leo Benario was a social democrat lawyer and a liberal with advanced ideas. At 15 years of age, joined the Communist Youth Organization. In 1928 leads a bold charge to a court room to free her companion Otto Braun. They both flee to Moscow where Olga is acclaimed, undergoes military training and makes a career in the Comintern. In 1934 Olga is assigned a mission to guarantee the safe return of communist leader Luís Carlos Prestes to Brazil where he would lead the 1935 communist revolution. With the failure of the revolution Olga and Prestes are arrested and separated. She was deported to Germany, where she was prisoned and transfered to concentration camp Bernburg where she was executed in gas chamber.

 
       GDR - 718

BENITA Ina 1.2.1912 - 1944
Priljubljena poljska igralka med vojnim obdobjem se je rodila kot Janina Maria Bułhak v Kijevu. Konec 1920-ih je Benita odšla v Pariz kjer je diplomirala na šoli Sacré Cœur. Po vrnitvi na Poljsko je nadaljevala izobraževanje v Varšavi. Tam je leta 1931 debitirala v skupini Varšavskega gledališča Nowy Ananas v oddaji Raj dla mężczyzn. Leto kasneje je nastopila v filmu Ryszarda Briske Puszcza. Od takrat naprej je igral predvsem v filmih. Med drugo svetovno vojno je Benita igral v gledališčih pod pokroviteljstvom Nemčije. Toda zaradi svoje delno judovskega porekla so jo zaprli v varšavski strogi zapor Pawiak. Leta 1944 so jo s svojim novorojenčkom izpustili. Toda med Varšavsko vstajo avgusta 1944 je izginila.

She was a popular Polish actress of the interwar period. She was born Janina Maria Bułhak in Kiev. In the late 1920s, Benita left for Paris and graduated from the Sacré Cœur School. After returning to Poland, she continued her education in Warsaw. Ina debuted on stage on 29 August 1931, with the Warsaw Theatre group Nowy Ananas (New Pineapple), in the show Paradise for Men (“Raj dla mężczyzn”). One year later she debuted in Ryszard Briske’s film Puszcza. From then on she performed mainly in movies. During World War II Benita played in German-sponsored theaters. But because of her partial-Jewish ancestry she was imprisoned in Warsaw's Pawiak heavy prison. She was released with her newborn baby in 1944. But during the Warsaw Uprising in august 1944 she disappeared.

  
        PL - 4951
Bennett Louie 7.1.1870 - 25.11.1956
Irska sufražetka, sindikalistka in pisateljica (na znamki IE-940) je študirala petje v Bonnu. Leta 1911 je sodelovala pri ustanovitvi irske sufražetske zveze, leta pa predsednica irskega trgovskega sindikata. Njena zgodba The Proving of Priscilla iz leta 1902 je sodobna pripoved o razlikah in spravi v zakonski zvezi. Prisoner of His Word pa govori o posledicah upora Ircev v letu 1798.
Na priveskih pole so: Eva Gore-Booth, Ria Mooney in Siobhan McKenna.

Irish feminist and novelist(on stamp IE-940), born and educated in Dublin. After studying singing in Bonn, she helped establish the Irishwoman's Suffrage Federation in 1911, becoming President of the Irish Trade Union Congress in 1932. The Proving of Priscilla (1902) is a modern tale of differences and reconciliation in a marriage, while Prisoner of His Word (1908) is set in the aftermath of the United Irishmen's Rebellion of 1798.
On label of sheet are:
Eva Gore-Booth, Ria Mooney and Siobhan McKenna.

 
                         IE - 940
Berber Anita 10.6.1899 - 10.11.1928
Berberjeva je ikona sodobnega izraznega plesa in nemški nemi film iz 20 let 20.stoletja. Rodila se je v umetniški družini, njen oče je bil violinist in njena mati pa igralka in pevka. Debitirala je v Berlinu v starosti 17 let. Turneja leta 1919 po Nemčiji je bil zelo uspešna. Prejela ja navdušene ocene kritikov. Razvpita je postala zaradi svojih škandalov, ko je metala steklenice šampanjca preko glav obiskovalcev svojih predstav.

Berber is an icon of modern expressive dance and German silent film of the 1920s. She was born into an artistic family; her father was a violinist and her mother an actress and singer. Berber grew up in Munich and Berlin and made her début as a ballet dancer in Berlin at age of 17. A tour of Germany in 1919 was extremely successful and received enthousiastic reviews in the quality press. Otto Dix painted famous portraits of Berber in her mid-twenties, which caricaturated her as a worn out, old woman. She became infamous for the scandals she caused, smashing champagne bottles over the heads of punters sitting near the stage where she performed.

   
         
D - 1572


BEretta-Molla Gianna sv. (st.) 4.10.1922 - 24.4.1994
Bila dvanajsti otrok od 13 v družini. Ko je bila stara 19 let sta ji umrla starša. Pri 15. letih se je odločila, da bo živela sveto in krepostno življenje, ki ga bo namenila pomoči trpečim sosedom. Doštudirala je medicino, da bi lahko skrbela tako za telesne kot duševne stiske pacientov. Posebej je želela pomagati materam in otrokom. Poročila se je in med nosečnostjo v drugem mesecu so odkrili tumor na maternici. Imela e tri možnosti: splav, odstranitev maternice in s tem izgubo otroka ter odstranitev tumorja. Prvi dve možnosti je zavrnila, ker je želela ohraniti otroka, čeprav je vedela, da je tretja možnost najbolj tvegana. Molila je, da ji ne bi bilo potrebno žrtvovati življenja, toda zaradi komplikacij pri nosečnosti je umrla. Pri njeni razglasitvi za blaženo 24.4.1994 je bila prisotna njena hčerka.

She was the 12th child of 13 excluding the five that died in childbirth.  Both her parents died in the same year when she was 19 years old.  After their death, she recommitted herself to a resolution she made when she was 15 to live a holy and virtuous life… her desire was to serve her suffering neighbors.  She received her medical degree at the age of 27 and began medical practice to care for her patients’ bodies as well as their souls.  She wanted to help mothers and children in particular. She met Pietro Molla and married.  While in the second month of a pregnancy, a tumor was discovered on her uterus.  She had three choices: abortion, complete hysterectomy which would abort the child, or to have the tumor removed.  She decided against the first two to save the life of her child even though she knew very well that the third was the most risky. She prayed that she would be spared the sacrifice of her life but she in fact died on April 28, 1962 from complications of the pregnancy.  The daughter to whom she gave birth was present at her mother’s beatification on April 24, 1994.

    
            VA -1179

BERGER Senta 13.5.1941 -
Avstrijska gledališka in filmska igralka, producentka in pisateljica je v svoji karieri prejela številne nagrade: tri nemške medijske nagrade »Bambi«, 2 avtrijski TV nagradi »Romy«, nemško TV nagrado »Adolf Grimme« in nemškod TV in filmsko nagrado »Goldena kamrea«. Leta 1962 je odšla v Hollywood kjer je nastopala s številnimi znanimi ameriškimi fimski igralci: Charlton Heston, Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, Richard Widmark, John Wayne, Jack Kelly in Yul Brynner.    

An Austrian film, stage and television actress, producer and author. She received many award nominations for her acting in theatre, film and television; her awards include three Bambi Awards, two Romys, an Adolf Grimme Award, both a Deutscher and a Bayerischer Fernsehpreis, and a Goldene Kamera.  In 1962, she went to Hollywood and worked with stars such as Charlton Heston, Dean Martin, Frank Sinatra, Richard Widmark, John Wayne, Jack Kelly, and Yul Brynner. She also a lot on TV.

    

              A - 3057


BERGER Tora 8.3.1981 -
Norveška biatlonka je osvojila prvo norveško olimpijsko zlato medaljo leta 2010 na OI v Vancouvru z zmago na 15 km.  Na OI v Sočiju 2014 pa po eno zlato, srebrno in bronasto medaljo.

Berger Tora is a retired Norwegian biathlete and Olympic champion. On Olypmpic games she won 2 gold, one silver and one bronze medal. On February 18, 2010, she became the first Norwegian woman to win an Olympic gold medal in biathlon by winning the women's 15 km individual at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. By doing this, she won Norway's 100th Olympic gold medal at the Winter Olympic Games, as well as winning the 10th Norwegian biathlon gold medal.

    
                   N -1840

BERGHMANS Ingrid 24.8.1961 -
Belgijska judoistka je bila 6 krat svetovna prvakinja (med 1980 in 1989) ter 9 krat evropska prvakinja (med 1982 in 1989).

Ingrid Berghmans is Belgian judo player and is the most successful woman judo player in the history of the sport, with a record six world titles. She won at Open class in 1980, 1982, 1984 and 1986 and at under 72kg in 1984 and 1989, and has also won four Silver medals and a Bronze. She also won the 1988 Olympic 72kg title when judo was still a demonstration sport and was European champion at 72kg in 1985, 1988, 1989 and Open in 1983, 1987 and 1988. She married Belgian judo player Marc Vallot in 1990.

 
            B - 3456

Bergman Ingrid 29.8.1915 - 29.8.1982
Švedska gledališka in filmska igralka je bila znana že v rodni Švedski. Nato je odšla v Hollywood. Tam je leta 1939 posnela angleško verzijo svoje uspešnice Intermezzo. Najbolj je znana po vlogah v filmih Casablanca (1942), Komu zvoni (1943). Za vlogo v filmu Plinska luč (1944) je dobila svojega prvega oskarja. Po aferi in škandalu z Robertom Rosellinijem med snemanjem filma Stromboli, se je vrnila v Evropo škandalu. Vendar se je vrnila v Hollywood in za vlogo v filmu Anastazija (1956) dobila drugega oskarja. Tretjega oskarja pa je prejela za vlogo v filmu Umor v Orient ekspresu (1974). Njena zadnja vloga je bila v televizijskemu  filmu Woman Called Golda (1981). Njena hčerka Isabella Rossellini je tudi znana filmska igralka.

She was a popular stage and film actress in her native Sweden before going to Hollywood, where she made an English-language version of her Swedish hit Intermezzo (1939). Bergman was probably best known for her roles in Casablanca (1942); For Whom the Bell Tolls (1943); Gaslight (1944), for which she received her first Academy Award; The Bells of St. Mary's (1945); and two Alfred  Hitchcock films, Spellbound (1945) and  Notorious (1946). She returned to Europe after the scandalous publicity surrounding her affair with Italian director Roberto Rossellini (whom she later married and divorced) during the filming of Stromboli (1950). But she returned to Hollywood and triumphed in Anastasia (1956), for which she received another Oscar. She received a third for her role in Murder on the Orient Express (1974). She also starred in Ingmar Bergman's Autumn Sonata (1978). Her last role was in the television film A Woman Called Golda (1981).

             

                              GI - 737                               S - 1170               S- 3069-3071

BERGQVIST Kajsa 12.10.1976 -
Švedska skakalka v višino je osvojila eno bronasto medaljo na olimpijskih igrah, eno zlato in dve bronasti medalji na svetovnem prvenstvu v atletiki ter eno zlato in eno bronasto na evropskih prvenstvih. Njen osebni rekord 2,06 m je dosegla v Nemčiji leta 2003. Njen rekord v dvoranah, ki je tudi svetovni rekord, pa je 2,08 m. Dosegla ga je leta 2006 v Nemčiji.


Kajsa Margareta Bergqvist is a retired Swedish high jumper. She has won one bronze medal in the Olympic Games, one gold and two bronze medals in the World Championships in Athletics and one gold and one bronze in the European Championships. Her personal outdoor record of 2.06 m, set in Germany in 2003, is also a Swedish record. Her indoor record at 2.08 m, set in Germany in 2006, is also the world indoor record.

  
           S - 2540

Bergstm Helene 5.2.1964 -
Švedska igralka je leta 1988 diplomirala na Švedski akademiji za pantonimo in igralstvo. Delala je v stokholmskih gledališčih Dramaten Theatre in Stockholm City Theatre. Znana je postala leta 1989 s filmom »1939«. Vodilne vloge je igrala v številnih filmih:”Miss Julie”, ”Twelfth Night”, ”Pygmalion”, ”Piaf”, "A Dolls House", “Hamlet”, “Medea” in “A Streetcar Named Desire”.
Na znamki
S-1902 je prizor iz filma House of Angels (1992) z Rikardom Wolffom.

Swedish actress graduated on the Swedish National Academy of Mime and Acting in 1988, she worked at both the Dramaten Theatre and the Stockholm City Theatre. Her breakthrough came with the film 1939 in 1989. She has played the lead part in plays like ”Miss Julie”, ”Twelfth Night”, ”Pygmalion”, ”Piaf”, "A Dolls House", the part of Hamlet in “Hamlet”, “Medea” and Blanche in “A Streetcar Named Desire”.
On stamp
S-1902 is scene from the film House of Angels (1992) with Rikard Wolff.

  
             S - 1903

BERKHOUT Lobke 11.11.1980 -
Nizozemska jadralka je bila petkrat svetovna prvakinja v jadranju v razredu 470. Na olimpjskih igrah 2008 je skupaj z Liso Westerhof osvojila bronasto medaljo v razredu 470.

She is a Dutch sailor. She is a five-time World Champion in the 470-class. On 2008 Summer Olympics with Lisa Westerhof won bronze medal in the Women's 470-class.

  

                      NL - 2683

Bernhardt Sarah 22.10.1844 - 26.3.1923
Francosko gledališko igralko  s pravim imenom Henriette Rosine Bernard smatrajo za eno največjih igralk vseh časov. Igrati je začela že pri 13. Debirala je 1862 v Comedie Francaise v Racinovi Ifigenija na Aulidi. Pozornost je vzbudila 1896 v gledališču Odeon z vlogo pevca Zanetta v enodejanki Le passant. Najprej je nastopala v Comedie Francaise, nato pa je gostovala v tujini (London, ZDA). Imela je čudovit privlačen glas, obvladovala je lirične, strastne in dramatične vloge. S svojo vitko postavo in temnimi očmi je bila rojena za vloge zapeljivk. Bila je zelo ekscentrična osebnost. Znana je bila po tem, da je spala v krsti. Leta 1915 so ji zaradi gangrene odrezali nogo, vendar je kljub temu še igrala. Ukvarjala se je tudi s slikarstvom, kiparstvom, pisala poezijo in prozo (roman: Pariški idol) in drame (Priznanje, Človeško srce).
Plakat na CZ-633 za gledališko delo Gismonda (1895) je delo Alfonsa Musha.

Sarah Bernhardt was the stage name of the French actress Sarah Henriette Rosine,  whom many consider one of the greatest performers of all time. She began her training at the age of 13 and in 1862 made her debut at the Comedie Francaise in Jean Racine's Iphigenie en Aulide. She first came to notice in 1869 at the Theatre de l'Odeon in Francois Coppee's Le Passant (The Passerby). She became a star as the queen in Victor Hugo's Ruy Blas, as Dona Sol in his Hernani, and as Phedre in Racine's classic drama. She made her London debut in 1879 in Phedre. The following year she made her triumphant New York debut in Adrienne Lecouvreur, and during the next four decades she toured the United States nine times. Bernhardt had an extraordinarily beautiful voice, perfect diction, and an astonishing emotional range as a performer. Her   slim figure and dark eyes made her especially suited for roles requiring seductiveness. She also excelled in expressing pain, tearful rage, and the throes of death. She herself managed several Paris theaters after 1893 and in 1899 reopened the Theatre des Nations as the Theatre Sarah Bernhardt, where she starred both in revivals and in new works. She also painted, sculpted, and wrote poetry, a novel (The Idol of Paris, 1920), and plays, including L'Aveu (The Confession, 1898) and Un Coeur d'homme (A Man's Heart, 1909). She performed all over Europe, North and South America, Australia, and Egypt. Her personal life was unconventional, and she was expert at creating and maintaining a fascinating public image. For instance, she was reputed to sleep in a coffin she carried with her. Even after her right leg was amputated in 1915 as a result of a fall, she continued to act.

              
           F - 729                      MC - 2206                 CZ - 633

BERNHART Astrid 25.2.1964 -
Avstrijska slikarka je študirala grafično umetnost na Visoki šoli za uporabno umetnost v Gradcu in na Dunaju na Akademiji za likovno umetnost. Razstavljala je že kot študent in osvojila prve nagrade. Svoja dela redno razstavlja na eni ali dveh razstavah letno.
Na znamki A-2677: Moški.

She studied graphic art at College of Applied Arts in Graz and in Vienna at the Academy of Fine Arts. Even as a student she presented her works in exhibitions, winning her first awards. She has presented her works to the public in one or two exhibitions almost every year.
On stamp
A-2677 is her Man.

    
                    A - 2677


Berzeviczy Gizela 15.1.1878 - 10.1.1954
Madžarska učiteljica in direktorica  ženske šole Elisabeth je bila zaradi svojega komunističnega prepričanja zaprta. S sporazumom o zamenjavi zapornikov pa so jo leta 1922 poslali v Sovjetsko zvezo.  Tam je med drugo svetovno vojno poučevala v ujetniških taboriščih. Po osvoboditvi Madžarske se je vrnila domov in napisala spomine.

She was hungarian teacher and director of Elisabeth Women`s School. She was imprisoned for her communist ideals, but under a prisoner`s exchange agreement between Hungary and Soviet Union she was sent to Soviet UNion in 1922.  There she taught in prison camps during WWII. After the liberation of Hungary she returned home and write memoirs.

 
                    H -
3321
Beskow Elsa 11.2.1874 - 30.6.1953
Švedska pisateljica in ilustratorka otroških knjig je najbolj znana po svojih ilustracijah. Mnogo njenih del je že klasika. Ilustrirala je tudi abecednike in knjige pesmi za otroke.
Na znamki S-657 je njena ilustracija: Pelle's New Suit.

She was a Swedish author and illustrator of children's books. Beskow is the most well known of all Swedish children's book artists and her books are continually reprinted. Many of her books are classics. Beskow also illustrated ABC books and songbooks for Swedish schools.
On stamp
S-657: Pelle's New Suit.

                
  
            S - 1692/95                          S - 657                      S- 2733

Beyer Henryka 7.3.1782 - 24.10.1855
Poljska slikarka cvetja in sadja je študirala v Szczcinu in Berlinu. Po študiju se je vrnila v Varšavo in poučevala na umetniški ženski šoli.
Na znamki PL-3242: Tihožitje z rožami.

Polish painter of flowers and fruits. She studied in Szczecin and Berlin. She returned to Warsaw and taught at art school for women.

 
            PL - 3242

Bibescu Martha 28.1.1889 - 28.11.1973
Romunska pisateljica je večino življenja preživela v Franciji. Bila je članica Kraljeve akademije za francoski jezik. Za svoj roman Les Huits paradis (1908)  je dobila nagrado francoske akademije

Romanian writer who lived mainly in France. She was awared French Academy prize for her novel Les Huits paradis (1908). She was member of Royal Academy of French Language.

         

              RO - 5477                RO - 4633

Bičik Julija (Yuliya Bichyk) 1.4.1983 -
Beloruska veslačica je na OI 2004 v Atenah in na OI 2008 v Pekingu skupaj s Helah Natalijo v dvojcu brez krmarja osvojila bronasto medaljo (na priveskih
BY-561 in BY-blok-77).
Na bloku
BY-561 so še ostale beloruske dobitnice olimpijskih medalj na OI v Atenah: Julija Nesterenko, Jekaterina Karsten, Natalija Cilinskaja, Helah Natalija.
Na znamki BY-819 je Aksana Miankova.
Na priveskih BY-blok-77 so še druge beloruske dobitnice medalj na OI 2008 v Pekingu: Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Natalija Helakh, Natallia Mikhnevich, Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Glafira Martinovich, Ksenia Sankovich, Olesya Babushkina, Zinaida Lunina.

Belarusian rower won a bronze medal in coxless pair with Helah Natalia in OG 2004 in Athen and in OG 2008 in Bejing (on labels BY-561 and BY-blok-77).
On labels of sheet BY-561 are Belarus women olympic medails in OG Athen: Natalija Helah, Julija Nesterenko, Jekaterina Karsten, Natalija Cilinskaja.
On stamp BY-819 is Aksana Miankova.
On labels of sheet BY-blok-77 are also other Belarus women winners of medals in OG Bejing: Jekaterina Karsten, Inna Zhukova, Natalija Helakh, Natallia Mikhnevich, Nadzeya Ostapchuk, Nastassia Novikava, Alina Tumilovich, Anastasia Ivankova, Glafira Martinovich, Ksenia Sankovich, Olesya Babushkina, Zinaida Lunina.

            
         
   
                               
    BY - 561                                          BY - blok-77, BY - 819


BIELICKA Hanka 9.11.1915 - 9.3.2006
Poljska igralka, kabaristka.

Polish actress, cabaret artist.

    
           PL - 4800


BIESU Maria 3.8.1934 - 16.5.2012
Moldovska operna pevka je debitirala leta 1961 in postala glavna pevka  v Chişinăuski  operi in baletnem gledališču. Nastopala je tudi v drugih državah, med drugim v letih 1965 – 1967 tudi v milanski Scali.

She was a Moldovan opera singer. Debuting in 1961, she eventually went on to become the chief vocalist of the Chişinău Opera and Ballet Theater. Her artistic excellence brought her international recognition and invitations to sing in other countries, including Italy, where she performed at the Milan Opera from 1965 to 1967.


       
 
                          MD - 600                                                MD - 813


Bijns Anna 1494 - 1575
Belgijska pesnica se s svojimi tremi zbirkami pesmi med najboljše nizozemske pesnike svojega časa. Njeno poezijo odlikuje krepka in ostra satira proti prostituciji, graja reformacijo. Religiozna poezija pa je pristna in ganljiva.

Flemish poet of Antwerp. Her three volumes (1528, 1548, 1567) of lyric verse place her among the foremost Dutch poets of her age. She excelled in robust satires passionately inveighing against the social evils of the day and deploring the Reformation. Bijns's religious poetry is sincere and moving.

 
     
 B -
3111


Bikova Ivanovna  Elisaveta 14.11.1913 - 8.3.1989
Sovjetska šahistka je bila v letih 1947, 1948 in 1950 šahovska prvakinja Sovjetske zveze. V letih 1953 – 1956 in 1958 – 1962 je bila svetovna prvakinja. Potem pa jo je premagala Nona Gaprindashvili. Bila je tudi pisateljica, pisala je članke o šahu v Sovjetski zvezi.

Soviet chees player. She was Women`s chess champion of Soviet Union in 1947, 1948 and 1950 and Women's World Champion from 1953 to 1956 and again from 1958 to 1962 but lost the title to Nona Gaprindashvili. She is also an author and columnist about chess in the USSR.

 
  
      YU - 3019


Bilač Britta 4.12.1968 -
Slovenska atletinja - skakalka v višino. Leta 1994 je bila v Helsinkih evropska prvakinja, na svetovnem dvoranskem prvenstvu v Barceloni l. 1995 pa druga. Na olimpijadi v Atlanti je zasedla 10. mesto. Rojena je v Nemčiji, po poroki z atletom Borutom Bilačom je 1992 postala slovenska državljanka Sedaj ni več aktivna tekmovalka.
Na znamki SI-
152 je tudi Brigita Bukovec.

Slovenian athlete - high jumper; European champion in high jump (Helsinki 1994), the second place in World Indoors Championship (Barcelona 1995), 10th place in Olympic Games - Atlanta 96, 15th place in Olympic games Bacelona 1992. She was born in Germany. After marriage with Slovenian athlet Borut Bilac (1992) she became Slovenian citizen. Since 1998 she is no more active athlet.
On stamp
SI-152 is also Brigita Bukovec.

    
           SI -
152


Bilibashi Ylbere 1928 - 1944
Albanska heroina in partizanka med drugo svetovno vojno.
Na znamki
AL-2162 sta tudi Sokoli Qibra in Derri Qeriba.

Albanian heroine, partisan, killed in 1944 during the National Liberation War.
On stamp AL-2162 are also Sokoli Qibra and Derri Qeriba.

 

           AL - 2162


Bille Corinna 29.8.1912 - 24.10.1979
Švicarska pisateljica je pisala kratke zgodbe, igre, poezijo in romane. Leta 1975 je prejela nagrado French Prix Concourt. Smatrajo jo za najpomembnejšo francosko-švicarsko pisateljico.


She is Swiss short-story writer, playwright, poet, and novelist and winner of the 1975 French Prix Concourt. She is often considered the major contemporary Franco-Swiss woman writer.

  
        CH - 1581


Bilokur Katerina 7.12.1900 - 9.6.1961
Ukrajinska slikarka. Znamki
UA-293-294 prikazujeta njeni deli: Cvetlice v megli (1940) in Šopek (1959). Na vmesnem polju pa je prikazan slikarkin portret.

Katerina Bilokur is an highly original Ukrainian folk artist. Her beautiful pictures of the colorful Ukrainian nature are a significant landmark in the history of Ukrainian folk art. The stamps UA-293-294 show the artist's works: Flowers in the mist  (1940) and Bouquet of flowers (1959). The label shows the portrait of the artist.

    

                                    UA -
293/294


Bilquist Ulla 14.8.1907 - 6.7.1946
Švedska pevka popularnih pesmi je bila najbolj uspešna v zgodnjih 40. letih 20. stoletja.

A Swedish female schlager singer was mostly successful during the early 1940s.

S - 2104


Birgita sv. (saint)

    
         FI - 1647


Birsescu Agatha 1857 - 1939
Romunska igralka je študirala v Bukarešti in na Dunaju kjer je tudi nastopala. Debitirala je v Burg gledališču na Dunaju v The Waves of the Sea and of Love.

Romanian actress, she studied in Bucharest and in Vienna. She made her debut  at Burgtheatre in Vienna in The Waves of the Sea and of Love. She played in theatres of Vienna and Romania.

  
         
RO - 3946


BITANG Mariana 1962 -
Trenerka romunske ženske gimnastične ekipe.

A coach of the Romanian national women's artistic gymnastics team.

RO - 6831


Bjarnadottir Halldora 14.10.1873 - 28.11.1981
Začetnica izobraževanja žensk na Islandu. Najprej je bila učiteljica na Norveškem. Leta 1914 je ustanovila zvezo islandskih žena. Urejala je časopis Hlin in se ukvarjala s socialnimi problemi žensk. Stara 108 let!!


A pioneer of women`s education in Iceland. First she was teacher in Norvay. In 1914 she founded North Iceland  Women`s Union.  She was editor of the Hlin magazine. She worked on social affairs of women.
She lived to age 108!


  
               IS - 844


Bjarnason Ingibjorg H. 14.12.1867 - 30.20.1941
Islandska političarka, prva ženska članica islandskega parlamenta (Althing) v letih 1923 -30. Bila je učiteljica v dekliški šoli in članica islandske narodne banke.

Icelandic politician, first female member of Althing (Legislative Assembly) from 1923-30. She worked as a teacher in school for girls. She was member of national Bank of Iceland.

  
        IS - 541


Bjarnhedinsdottir Briet 27.9.1856 - 16.3.1940
Islandska sufražetka se je borila za enake pravice žensk pri izobraževanju in delu. Je prva Islandka, ki je pisala v časopise. Ustanovila je prvo žensko delavsko zvezo in združenje za ženske pravice (1907). Bila je članica islandskega parlamenta (Althing).

Icelandic sufragette fighting for equal rights of women in education and work. She was first Icelandic woman who wrote newspaper articles. She founded the first women`s Women Workers Union and the Women`s Rights Association of Icelnad (1907). She was a member of Althing (Legislative Assembly).

  
        IS - 529


BJÖRGEN Marit 21.3.1980 -
Norveška tekačica na smučeh je bila šest krat olimpijska prvakinja. Osvojila pa je še tri srebrne in eno bronasto olimpijsko medaljo.

Marit Bjørgen is a Norwegian cross-country skier and six times Olympic champion. On Olympic games she won six gold, 3 silver and one broza medal.

    
                    N - 1839


Blagoeva Stela 1887 - 1954
Prva ženska bolgarska ambasadorka v Sovjetski zvezi in Finski.

She was first female ambassador of Bulgaria in USSR and Finland.

     
    
         BG - 3571


Blagoeva Vela 29.9.1858 - 1921
Bolgarska socialistka, učiteljica in pisateljica je prva bolgarska marksistka. Ena prvih bolgarskih socialistk je ustanovila žensko socialistično organizacijo v Bolgariji. Leta 1905 je v Sofiji ustanovila prvo izobraževalno demokratično skupino za delavke. Urejala je številne časopise, med drugimi Delo in Zhjenski buletin.    

Bulgarian socialist, teacher and writer. She was first Bulgarian woman to work for the marxists. She was one of the first women socialists in Bulgaria and founder of the first Women`s Socialist Movement in Bulgaria. She founded the first educational social democratic group for women workers in Sofia at the beginnng of 1905. She edited several journals including Delo (Deed) and Zhjenski buletin (Women`s bulletin)

    
 
     BG - 1154


Blaha Lujza 8.9.1850 - 18.1.1926 
Madžarska igralka in pevka je bila popularna že v otroških letih, s 14 leti je nastopila v ljudskem gledališču v Budi. Nastopala je v Gyoru, Sopronu, Bratislavi, Subotici in Banski Bistrici. Od leta 18712 je nastopala v Narodnem gledališču v operah, operetah in igrah. Lata 1875 se je pridružila gledališču Népszínház, kjer je nastopala do leta 1901. Prejela je številna odlikovanja, med njimi leta 1900 odlikovanje zlati križ s krono.
Na bloku H-3841 so tudi Roza Deryne Szeppataki, Emilia Markus in Gizi Bajor.

The legendary figure in the history of the Hungarian acting profession was born in Rimaszombat as Lujza Rendl. She was extremely popular at an early age as a child actor. In 1864 she already played in the Népszínház (People's Theatre) in Buda. She acted in Gyor, Sopron, Székesfehérvár, Bratislava, Subotica, Banska Bistrica. The National Theatre signed her up in 1871, where she sang in operas, operettas and acted in plays for the ordinary public. When the Népszínház opened in 1875 she decided to join it and acted there until 1901. She was honoured with numerous major awards, and in 1900 she was awarded the prestigious golden cross with a crown.

On sheet
H-3841 are also Roza Deryne Szeppataki, Emilia Markus and Gizi Bajor.

              
                           H - 3841                                     H - 4584          


BLAND Lillian 22.9.1878 - 11.5.1971
Irska letalska inženirka, fotografinja, pisateljica in umetnica. Ko je Louis Bleriot leta 1909 preletel Rokavski preliv jo je to navdihnilo, da je sama zgradila dvokrilno letalo Mayfly, ki je uspešno poletelo na Carnmoney Hill s štirimi irskimi policisti na krilih. Kasneje je v letalo vgradila motor z 20 KM z namenom zgraditi letalo za komercialni namen. Vendar ji to zaradi pomanjkanja denarja ni uspelo. 

She was an aeronautical engineer, professional photographer, an author and an artist. Louis Blériot's cross-Channel flight (1909) inspired her to build her own biplane glider, the Mayfly, which successfully left the ground on Carnmoney Hill, with four Royal Irish Constabulary constables hanging on to the wings. She then installed a 20 h.p. engine in it, intending to build aeroplanes on a commercial scale, but lacked the finance and had to give up.

    
                 IE - 1518


Blankers-Koen Fanny   26.4.1918 - 25.1.2004
Najuspešnejša udeleženka OI 1948 - London je bila Nizozemka, že tedaj mati dveh otrok, imenovali so jo Leteča gospodinja. Osvojila je 4 zlate medalje: v tekih na 100m, 200m, na 80m z ovirami in v štafeti 4x100m. Nizozemka je edina atletinja v zgodovini OI ki je osvojila 4 zlate medalje. V času od 1942 do 1950 je postavila 6 svetovnih rekordov. Po igrah so 30 letno »letečo gospodinjo« slavili kot narodno junakinjo, kraljica Julijana jo je povzdignila v viteški stan. Še vedno je najuspešnejša atletinja vseh časov s 13 svetovnimi rekordi v osmih različnih disciplinah.

Francina "Fanny" Blankers-Koen, is a former  Dutch track star who won four gold medals in the 1948 Olympic Games at age 30 after her career had seemingly been cut short by World War II. She began competing when she was 17, but after the Germans overran Holland her competition was restricted. Nevertheless, she became a world-class competitor in the 100-meter sprint, the 80-meter hurdles (tying world records in both events), the high jump, and the long jump. In the 1948 games, Blankers-Koen, then the mother of two, won the 100- and 200-meter sprints and the hurdles, and led her team to a 400-meter relay victory. Between 1938 and 1951 she set world records in seven individual events.

       
           Man - 1141                    NL - 2745


Blixen Karen  17.4.1885 - 7.9.1962
Danska pisateljica (psevdonim Isak Dinesen) je znana po kratkih zgodbah in pripovedih, ki se dogajajo na kavni plantaži v britanski Vzhodni Afriki (Kenija). Leta 1914 se je poročila z baronom Bror Blixen-Finecke in se že 1921 tudi ločila. Vse do leta 1931 je vodila plantažo. V Keniji je 1934 v angleščini pod dekliškim priimkom Dinese napisala Sedem gotskih zgodb, ki so jih kritiki pohvalili. Šele kasneje jih je prevedla v danščino. Out of Africa pripovedujejo o njenem življenju v Afriki. Po tem je izdala še dve zbirki zgodb: Zimske zgodbe in Poslednje zgodbe. Njena dela so mešanica romantike in realizma.

Isak Dinesen is the pseudonym of Baroness Karen Blixen-Finecke, a Danish author known for her short stories and accounts of experiences on a coffee plantation in British East Africa, now Kenya. She married Baron Bror Blixen-Finecke in 1914, was divorced in 1921, and managed the plantation alone until 1931. While in Kenya Dinesen wrote Seven Gothic Tales (1934), published in English under her maiden name of Dinesen and widely acclaimed by critics. She later translated the work into her native  Danish. Out of Africa (1937) recounts Dinesen's years in Kenya  and was written in both Danish and English.  It was followed by two more collections, Winter's Tales (1942) and Last Tales (1957). Dinesen's short stories are works of art consciously written in the tradition of the 18th-century Gothic novel.  They blend romance and realism, showing a subtlety of mood and an awareness of the psychology of the human spirit.

               
              DK - 699                    DK - 1124


BLOMQUIST Anni 9.9.1909 -26.6.1990
Alandska pisateljica se je rodila in živi na otoku arhipelaga Simskäla severovzhodno od glavnega otoka Åland.  Svoj prvenec roman Po nevihti je izdala leta 1966. Roman je rezultat njenega žalovanja po možu in najstarejšem sinu, ki sta umrla na morju. Romanu je med leti 1967 in 1983 sledilo še devet romanov. Objavila je tudi nekaj avtobiografskih del. Mnogo njenih del je prevedenih v finščino. Njen dom v Simskäla je danes muzej.

The author Anni Blomqvist was born and lived on the archipelago island of Simskäla, situated to the northeast of main Åland. She made her literary debut in 1966 with the novel After the storm. The novel was the result of her grieving work after her husband and oldest son were lost at sea. Her debut novel was followed by another nine novels between 1967 and 1983. Anni also published several autobiographic books, and many of her books were translated into Finnish. Her home in Simskäla is today a museum.

  
                    Aland - 307


Blyton Enid 11.8.1897 - 28.11.1968
Je najuspešnejša britanska pisateljica otroških zgodb 20.stoletja. Napisala je okoli 700 del, ki so prevedena v več kot 40 jezikov in prodana v več kot 400 milijonov izvodih. Ustvarila je neprekosljivo niz uspešnih mednarodno priznanih zgodb: The Famous Five, The Secret Seven, The Adventure Series in The Mystery Series, šolske zgodbe: Malory Towers, St Clare’s and The Naughtiest Girl, fantastične zgodbe: The Faraway Tree, The Enchanted Wood in The Wishing Chair. Znane so tudi njene zgodbe Noddy za najmlajše.
GB-1709: Noddy, GB-1710: Famous Five, GB-1711: Secret Seven, GB-1712: The Folk Of The Faraway Tree, GB-1713: Malory Towers, Jersey-30: Noddy, F-4410: Noddy


Enid Blyton was probably the most successful British children's writer of the twentieth century. Her prolific output of 700 books has been translated into more than 40 languages and sold in excess of 400 million copies worldwide. She created an unrivalled group of successful and internationally renowned series which include mystery and adventure stories such as The Famous Five, The Secret Seven, The Adventure Series and The Mystery Series, school stories such as Malory Towers, St Clare’s and The Naughtiest Girl, fantasy tales such as The Faraway Tree, The Enchanted Wood and The Wishing Chair, and of course the much-loved Noddy stories for younger children.
GB-1709: Noddy, GB-1710: Famous Five, GB-1711: Secret Seven, GB-1712: The Folk Of The Faraway Tree, GB-1713: Malory Towers, Jersey-30: Noddy, F-4410: Noddy

             

                                                              GB - 1709/1713

     
 
                  Jersey - 30                          F - 4410


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