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Bobić Ljubinka 21.1.1897 - 3.12.1978
Srbska gledališka in filmska igralka. Kot
igralka Narodnega gledališča v Beogradu je bila aktivna več kot 50 let. Bila
je zelo popularna, s svojim nekonformističnim stilom je dala svoj pečat
vsakemu svojemu nastopu.
Serbian stage and film actress with
acting experience of over 50 years in the National Theatre in Belgrade. Very
popular, with a non-conformist style who gave her own special stamp to each
of her performances.
YU - 3123
Boch Anna 10.2.1848 -
Belgijska slikarka, ki je delovala tudi na področju glasbe, kiparstva in intelektualnih dejavnostih, s čimer imela dostop do številnih umetniških krogov. Bila je aktivna članica Skupine XX in skupine Libre Esthetique. Tu se je seznanila z Jamesom Ensorjem in Paulom Gauguinom, ki sta vplivala na njen po-impresionistični stil. Sama ni preveč znana kot slikarka. Se je pa danes spominjamo po tem, da je bila edina oseba, ki ji je Van Gogh še v času, ko je bil živ, prodal sliko.
Anna Boch’s many talents spanned the plastic arts, music and intellectual activities and this brought her into contact with many artistic circles. She was an active member of the Group of XX and the Libre Esthetique (Free Aesthetics) Group and was closely acquainted with James Ensor and Paul Gauguin who influenced her in her own post-impressionist artistic style. Though Anna Boch never achieved great fame for her own paintings, she is remembered today as the only person to purchase a painting from Vincent Van Gogh during his lifetime.
B - 3112
Boehm Elisabet 27. 9.1859 - 30.5.1943
Ustanoviteljica nemškega ženskega kmečkega gibanja, ki naj bi pomagal
kmeticam pri socialni in izobraževalni enakosti.
German founder of German Women`s Movement.
In 1908 she founded Agricultural Housewives Union to help farm women in
social and educational freedom.
D - 1489
Marthe 3.7.1877 - 18.1.1956
poročena z bogastim industrialcem. Med
prvo svetovno vojno so jo Nemci zaradi podtalnega dopisovanja zaprli za dve
leti. Po vojni je bila izvoljena v parlament. Delovala je na področju
ženskih volilnih pravic. Bila je predsednica belgijskega Narodnega sveta
žensk in predsednica mednarodnega sveta žensk.
She was of noble birth.
She enjoyed an excellent upbringing – which did not go without saying for a
girl in her era – and in 1898 married industrialist Pol Boël (1868-1941). In
her new home La Louvière she devoted herself to works of charity. The First
World War stopped all that. When the Germans dismantled the clandestine
postal network she had set up, she served two years in prison. After the war,
as an ex-political prisoner Boël was one of the few Belgian women with a
vote for parliament. She worked for universal female suffrage through her
engagement in the liberal party between the wars . Marthe Boël chaired
Belgium’s National Women’s Council (NVB / CNF) from 1934 to 1952, in which
capacity she recruited talented young women. Her presidency of the
International Council of Women (1936-1947) was dominated by the Second World
War. In addition to these commitments Boël was the driving force behind the
Belgian branch of the YWCA (Young Women’s Christian Association) and the
B - 3928
Boer van Rijk Ester de 1853 - 1939
Nizozemska gledališka in filmska igralka,
ki je debitirala leta 1873 v Rotterdamu. Najbolj znana je po
vlogi Kniertje iz Op hoop van zegen (1900).
nade her debut in Rotterdam in 1873. She played in plays of Herman
Heijermans. Her most famous role was Kniertje from Op hoop van zegen
from 1900. She also played in movie.
NL - 1029
BOEYKENS Lily 21.3.1930 -22.11.2005
delala kot neodvisna novinarka. Leta 1964 je postala članica belgijskega narodnega
She was a trained lawyer.
She married Constant (Stan) Huygelen, who grew famous through the
development of vaccines. After a few years in Zaire, she worked in freelance
journalism and public relations. In 1964 she became a member of Belgium’s
National Women’s Council (NVB / CNF). Chair Maya (Marie-Anne) Janssen – the
daughter of Marthe Boël – wished to recruit more Dutchspeaking members and
felt that Lily Boeykens was up to the task. She would chair the autonomous
NVB (later the Dutch-speaking Women’s Council) she shaped. She also played
an important role in the organisation of the first National Women’s Day
(11/11/1972), in the early years of the Women’s Consultation Committee and
the organisation of the International Tribunal on Crimes Against Women,
which led to the establishment of the first women’s shelter in Belgium. Lily
Boeykens was also active in the International Council of Women, first on the
Mass Media Committee, then as member of the board. Between 1988 and 1994 she
was its chair, striving to improve the Council’s professionalism and
dynamism. The Belgian government also called on her expertise: Lily Boeykens
had a seat on such national advisory bodies as the Women’s Employment
Committee and the Consultative Committee on the Status of Women, and was
Belgium’s representative to the UN Commission on the Status of Women between
1995 and 1999.
B - 3929
Bohanec Mirjana 2.10.1930 -
Hrvaška sopranistka in filmska igralka.
Film Kdor poje ne misli slabo so filmski kritiki proglasili za najboljši hrvaški film vseh časov. Film ima lastnosti operete, vendar istočasno zaradi številnih glasbenih točk
izpade kot mjuzikl. Na znamki HR-409 je prizor iz filma na katerem sta igralca Mirjana Bohanec in Relja Bašić. Režiser filma je Krešo Golik.
Croatian soprano and film actress.
The film Tko pjeva, zlo ne misli (Who Sings Means No Harm) was declared the best Croatian film of all times by the film critics. The film has partly operetta characteristics but at the same time it looks like a musical due to the existence of numerous musical numbers. Motif on stamp HR-409: Mirjana Bohanec and Relja Bašić in a scene from the film. Director of film was Krešo Golik.
HR - 409
Etiopska agronomka, žena avstrijskega
igralca (1991), ki je leta 1981 ustanovil dobrodelno
organizacijo Ljudje za ljudi (Menschen für Menschen).
Ethiopian agronomist, wife of Austrian actor Karlheinza Böhma
founder of charity Menschen für Menschen.
exclusively in Ethiopia and carries out long-term, sustainable projects for
the rural population there. Following the principle of “support for self-development”,
millions of Ethiopians have been given a secure future from the time it was
founded to date.
A - 2576
Žena danskega znanstvenika Nielsa Bohra.
Wife of Danish scientist Niels Bohr.
DK - 848
Norveška glasbenica iz manjšinskega
ljudstva Sami. Njihovo tradicionalno glasbo yoiks združuje z modernimi
instrumenti, jazzom in rocom. Leta 1989 je postala slavna s svojim albumom
Gula Gula. Leta 2008 je bila imenovana za prfesorico muzikologije na
She is a
Norwegian Sami musician known for having added jazz and rock to the yoiks of
her native people. Gula Gula (first released by Iđut, 1989, later
re-released by Real World) was her breakthrough release, and she continued
to record popular albums throughout the 1990s. In 2008, she was appointed
Professor of musicology at Nesna University College.
N - 1763
1885 - 15.12.1941
Družba sester Hčerke Božje ljubezni,
ki jo je leta 1868 na Dunaju ustanovila Franciska Lechner, je začela 1882
delovati v Sarajevu. Samostan Marijin dom na Palah je bil odprt 1911.
Vojnega leta 1941 se je tu znašlo pet sester:
Bojanc, Antonija Fabjan
Bernadeta Banja. 11 decembra so jih četniki nasilno odpeljali proti
Goraždu, samostan pa oplenili in požgali. Po štirih dneh v mrazu in snegu so
prišle v Goražde. Tam so četniki vdrli v njihovo sobo. Sestre so v obrambo
svojega človeškega dostojanstva poskakale skozi okno. Četniki so poškodovane
nune ubili in zmetali v Drino. Sestro Berchmana, ki so jo zaradi onemoglosti
med potjo pustili v v Sjetlini, so ubili osem dni kasneje. 24.septembra 2011
so bile proglašene za blažene.
The sisters of the
Daughters of Divine Charity, which were established in Vienna in 1868 by
Franciska Lechner, began its work in 1882 in Sarajevo, where the nuns came
at the invitation of Archbishop Josip Stadler. At the Convent of Saint
Mary’s Home in Pale, opened in 1911, the 1941 war has caught five sisters:
Banja. On the
11 December Serbian fighters chetniks looted the house, burned it down and
forced five sisters to walk in the direction of Goražde Their four-day way
of the cross at freezing temperatures and snow, along with the
interrogations, has led to Sjetline, where the 76-year old Berchmana,
exhausted from the walk and all the events, was separated from the group and
forced to remain behind. Other sisters reached Goražde on 15 December 1941
and were placed in the military barracks on the 2nd floor. On the same
evening, the chetniks broke into the room with the impure intentions and
assaulted them. In defense of their human dignity, sisters broke loose from
hands of their attackers and one by one jumped out through the window. The
cetnicks have killed injured nuns with knives and thrown their bodies into
the River Drina. Sr. Berchmana was killed eight days later, on 23 December
BA - 324
25.11.1895 - 18.3.1975
Francoska pilotka je bila
testni pilot pri izdelovalcu letal Caudron, Leta 1921 je kot prva ženska
preletela Ande. Vzletela je iz Mendoze v Argentini in čez 10 ur pritala v
Santiagu de Chile. Letela je na višini do 4500 metrov v hudem mrazu. Morala
se je tudi izogibati visokim goram, ki jih njeno letalo ni moglo preleteti.
Bolland was a test pilot for Caudron, the French aircraft maker, which
thought that having a young woman fly its new G3 would be a good way of
showing how easy it was to handle the plane. In 1921 she became the first
woman to fly over the Andes. She took off from Mendoza, Argentina, and
landed 10 hours later in Santiago de Chile. She had flown at an altitude of
14,750 feet, braving the bitter cold and having to avoid mountain peaks that
were higher than the altitude her airplane could fly.
F - 3997
BOMBOVA Viera 14.4.1932 -
ki je leta 1967 in 1969 prejela na mednarodnem bienalu ilustracij v
Bratislavi nagrado Zlato jabolko. Na znamki
CZ-2391 je njena ilustracija: Janko Gondašik in zlata žena.
artist, illustrator of books, The Golden Apple winner of the book illustration competition BIB
(International Biennial of Illustrations in Bratislava) ´67 and ´69.
CZ - 2391
Moldavijska slikarka je
študirala na akademiji za likovno umetnost "Alexandru Plămădeală" v
Moldaviji in na Inštitutu za umetnostno zgodovino in teorijo v Sankt
Peterburgu. Živi in dela v Moldaviji.
Na znamki MD-572
je njena slika: Malanca.
Moddovian painter studied at School of Fine Arts "Alexandru Plamadeala"
in Moldova and at Institute of Art History and Theory in St. Petersburg.
She lives and works in Moldova.
On stamp MD-572
is her picture: Malanca.
MD - 572
17.1.1829 - 4.10.1890
Žena Williama Bootha ustanovitelja
mednarodne dobrodelne organizacije The Salvation Army. Zaradi njenega vpliva
na oblikovanje Salvation Army je bila znana kot "mati vojske". Bila je
članica lokalne skupine njihove organizacije Band of Hope in podpornica
Nacionalnega zmernostnega društva.
Catherine Booth was
the wife of the founder of The Salvation Army, William Booth. Because of her
influence in the formation of The Salvation Army she was known as
the 'Army Mother'. She was a member of the local Band of Hope and a
supporter of the national Temperance Society. She met William Booth, when he
came to preach at her church in 1852. They soon fell in love and became
MC - 1350
Bora Katharina von 29.1.1499 - 20.12.1552
Rodila se je blizu Leipziga. Ko je bila stara 5 let, ji je umrla mati. Zanjo so najprej skrbeli v avguštinskem samostanu v Brehna, kasneje pa je živela v samostanu Nimbschen. Skupaj s petimi nunami je pobegnila v Wittenberg, središče reformacije. Zavetje je našla pri slikarju Lucasu Cranachu. Za begunko se je zavzel Martin Luther in se brez obotavljanja poročil z njo. Nemški volilni knez je Lutru dodelil avguštinski samostan, ki je postal prijeten dom mladih. Katharina pa ga je z vso zavzetostjo kmalu spremenila v zbirališče študentov, prijateljev, gostov, sosedov in vseh v stiski. Tu se je Katharina seznanjala z idejami reformacije, sodelovala v diskusijah in s tem dajala velik prispevek k propagandi reformacije. Svojega moža je preživela za skoraj 7 let.
She was born in a place south of Leipzig. At the age of five, after the early death of her mother, she was taken care of first by the nuns of the Augustinian monastery in Brehna and later on lived at the monastery in Nimbschen near Grimma. Together with eight nuns she escaped from the monastery and arrived in Wittenberg, the centre of the Reformation. She found shelter in the home of the painter and mayor Lucas Cranach. Martin Luther took care of the escapee, and in 1525 decided without hesitation to marry Katharina von Bora. On that occasion, the prince elector gave Luther the Augustinian monastery in Wittenberg, which Katharina turned not only into a pleasant home but soon - thanks to her commitment and openmindedness - into a meeting place for students, guests, friends, relatives and persons in need as well. This open house made it possible to see, hear and discuss with the Reformer personally. Thus, Katharina von Bora made no minor contribution to the propagation of the Reformation. She outlived her husband by nearly seven years.
D - 2029
2.6.1609 - 28.4.1644
Bosniaková was born in Šurany. She was the third of the seven children of
Tomáš Bosniak and Mária Kenderessyová. At the time of her birth, her father
was a captain at the Castle of Šurany. With his family, he later moved to
Fiľakovo to become a captain of the Fiľakovo fortress. At the age of
seventeen, Žofia married Baron Michal Serényi and left for Světlov Castle in
Bojkovice, Moravia. Because of her husband’s death in the spring of 1626
following a sudden illness, however, their marriage was short. Žofia
returned home and entered into her second marriage with František Wesselényi.
Thus her new home became Teplička nad Váhom, where she gave birth to her two
sons, Adam (1630) and Ladislav (1633). She was a modest, deeply religious
and kind-hearted woman, always eager to help. Her deep sympathy for the poor
and suffering led her to found and sustain a poorhouse. She died at Strečno
Castle, where she and her family were then staying due to riots related to
the uprising of Juraj Rákoczi. She was buried at Strečno under the castle
chapel. In 1729, her body was found intact and deposited in a glass-lidded
coffin in the church in Teplička, the Loretan Chapel of Virgin Mary, built
for that purpose by Count Löwenburg. Her great popularity, which went beyond
the area of Teplička, is one factor in her potential beatification. Remains
of Žofia Bosniaková were burned by mentally unstable man on April 1st 2009.
SK - 616
Bosse Harriet 19.2.1878 - 2.11.1961
actress studied at the Conservatory of the Royal Swedish Academy of Music in Stockholm. She worked at the Central Theatre of Christiania 1896-1898, studied in Copenhagen and Paris and made her debut in Stockholm, in 1899 as Loyse in Theodore de Banvile's Gringoire. She also performed on other stages in Stockholm, Gothengurg, and Helsinki and in several motion pictures. She was one of the most popular and critically acclaimed actresses on the Swedish stage at the beginning of the century, but with higher age she found it difficult to get interesting parts, and in 1943 she retired from the theatre.
S - 1291
Bouboulina Lascarina 11.5.1771 - 22.5.1825
Grška patriotka, poveljnica ladjevja. Po obeh možeh je podedovala veliko ladjevje, zemljo in gotovino. Bila je članica organizacije, ki je hotela osvoboditi Grke izpod turške okupacije. Bila je edina ženska članica te organizacije. Kupovala in skrivala je orožje, ki so ga Grki potrebovali za upor proti Turkom.
Greek patriot, naval commander. She married twice, both her husbands, captains of their own ships, died in sea battles. She was extremely rich from the fortunes of ships, land and cash inherited from her husbands. She was a member of the underground organization, which for a number of years had organized and prepared the Greeks for the revolution against the Turks. Bouboulina was the only woman who was allowed to join this organization. She helped with buying of arms and hiding them. She participated activity in the War of Independence.
GR - 331
Boucher Helene 23.5.1908 - 30.11.1934
Francoska pilotka je začela leteti s 26 leti. Dosegla je nekaj rekordov v letalstvu: leta 1934 je postavila svetovni hitrostni rekord z 485 km/h, 1933 pa s 5900 m višinski rekord.
Na znamki F-1797 je tudi
aviatrix. In 1931 she was the first woman student pilot of the Aeroclub of
Landes at Mont-de-Marsan and she obtained the certificate of pilot of tourism.
She studied acrobatics under Detroyat and she triumphed in her first air
acrobatics match. In 1934, as a speed pilot for Caudron-Renault, she was
second in the 12 hours of Angers beating the world record for all categories
in the 1,000 kilometers range.
On stamp F-1797
F - 1797
21.8.1893 - 15.3.1918
francoska pevka in glasbenica
born in France. She began her music studies very early, and one of the
highlights of her life was being able to sing songs by Gabriel Fauré. Lili
Boulanger made a noted place in music history by being the first woman to
win the Prix de Rome in 1913, and her piece was her cantata Faust et Hélène.
At the age of fifteen, she wrote one of her more popular works, a nocturne
for violin and piano, and in June of 1914 she wrote her Thème et
Variations for piano. Her important works wrote in the years 1916 and
1917: Psaume XXIV (1916), Psaume CXXIX (1916), Psaume CXXX
(1916), and Veille prière bouddhique (1917).
Her sister was Nadia Boulanger.
MC - 2764
Boulanger Nadia 16.9.1887 - 22.10.1979
Francoska dirigentka, skladateljica in glasbena pedagoginja. Študirala je kompozicijo
na pariškem konzervatoriju (1897-1904). Leta 1921 se je začelo njeno dolgoletno sodelovanje z glasbeno institucijo Conservatoire Americain. Med drugo svetovno vojno je poučevala na različnih šolah v ZDA. Kot prva ženska je dirigirala bostonskemu, newyorškemu in philadelphijskemu simfoničnemu orkestru (1938) ter orkestru Londonske filharmonije (1936).
Po smrti njene sestre
Boulanger Lili leta 1918, ki je bila
tudi glasbenica, je lastno skladateljstvo imenoval za neuporabno in je
nehala pisati glasbo.
and is better known as a teacher and conductor than as a composer. In the
first capacity she was responsible for the musical training of a generation
of distinguished composers from Europe and America. Her work as an
interpreter influenced many, not least by the part she played in the revival
of interest in Monteverdi. Nadia Boulanger's few compositions include Les
heures claires, settings of poems by Verhaeren completed in 1912, after
which she wrote little, although in 1908 she had won the second Prix de
Rome. Her sister was musican
MC - 2764 MC - 1693
1906 - 1996
B - 3665
BOUWMAN Mies 31.12.1929 -
She is a
presenter. She started her career on the very first broadcasting evening of
the Dutch broadcasting association Catholic Radio Broadcaster on 16 October
1951. She made her name as the host of the first large fund-raising programm
on Dutch TV, Open Het Dorp. In this show viewers were asked to donate money
for charity, in order to open a special village for people with a
handicap.She ended her career in 1993 due to an illness.
NL - 2746
Boznanska Olga 15.4.1865 - 26.10.1940
poljska slikarka, pod vplivom francoskega impresionizma, slikala predvsem portrete in tihožitja v nežnih zastrtih barvnih tonih. Študirala je v Krakovu, Parizu in Munchnu, kjer je dosegla prve uspehe in prejela številne nagrade.
PL-2112: Dekle s krizantemo
PL-4220: Prodajalka cvetja
Polish impressionist, painting portrais by use vibrant colours seeming to be veiled with a delicate mist. She was born in Poland, but moved to Paris permanently in 1898. Nevertheless, she remained in contact with Poland and Polish artists, returning frequently to visit and paint. She studied in Crakow and in Munich, where she had her first successes, winning many prizes and awards. In Paris she joined l’Association des Artistes Polonais "Sztuka." Known mainly for her portraits and still lives, she ultimately received high awards from both France and Poland. She was most inspired by the impressionist style of painting.
PL - 1944 PL - 2112
PL - 4220
1866 - 1949
angleška slikarka in je študirala na Slade šoli lepih umetnosti v Londonu.
Leta 1895 sta skupaj s setro migrirali v ZDA. Leta 1911 se je Georgina
vrnila v Anglijo, kjer je postala iskana portretistka. V Narodni galeriji
portretov v Londonu visita dva njena portreta, eden in sicer portret
je prikazan na
was born in
London, England. She
studied at the Slade School of Fine Art. She was a member of both the
National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies and the Women’s Social and
Political Union. Georgina and her sister, Marie, immigrated to San
Francisco in 1895. The sisters soon became pupils and close friends of
Wm Keith. Georgina returned to London in 1911 and became sought after as
a portraitist. Two of her paintings were purchased by the National
Portrait Gallery before her death in London in January 1949.
On stamp GB-2423
is her portrait of
from the National
GB - 2423
1870 - 1948
slika: La Targa Florio.
British painter, painting: La Targa Florio.
I - 3117
Sonia 1946 -
danska umetnica samouk je znana predvsem po svojih izrezkih iz papirja. Za
ilustracijo Andersenovih pravljic ob njegovi 200 letnici rojstva je prejela
nagrado Andersenovo nagrado mesta Odense.
self-taught artist, particularly known for her papercuts - her decorative
papercuts illustrates e.g. H. C. Andersen's fairytales. At H. C. Andersen's
200th birthday Brandes received the City of Odense's Hans Christian Andersen
Prize, because she is a brilliant papercut artist, just like the fairytale
writer was. Her papercuts has been exhibited in several countries.
DK - 1207/1208
Brändström Elsa 26.3.1888 - 4. 3.1948
humanistka, vojaška bolniška sestra. Ko je skozi okno švedske ambasade v St. Petersburgu v času prve svetovne vojne opazovala nemške vojne ujetnike, ki so jih vodili v Sibirijo, je sklenila, da opustila razkošno diplomatsko življenje in postala bolniška sestra. Pol privatno, pol kot delegatka švedskega rdečega križa je pod okriljem švedske in danske ambasade pomagala vojnim ujetnikom v Sibiriji. Ujetniki so jo imenovali Angel Sibirije. Po vojni je obiskovala vojne sirote in ruske vojne ujetnike. Z možem se je preselila v Nemčijo, kjer sta pomagala revnim. Ko se je na oblast povzpel Hitler, sta bila prisiljena zapustiti Nemčijo. Preselila sta se v ZDA, kjer sta pomagala evropskim beguncem.
Humanitarian, army nurse. Gazing down from the window of the Embassy in St. Petersburg, Russia, onto German prisoners of war on their way to the frozen tundra of Siberia, Brändström was moved to leave the luxury of diplomatic life and became a nurse. She ministered to the prisoners of war in Siberia, in part privately and in part as a delegate of the Swedish Red Cross and with the protection of the Swedish and Danish embassy authorities. The prisoners of war benefited tremendously and named her The Angel of Siberia. After the war, she attended the orphans of the German soldiers who had been killed, and Russian prisoners of war. With her husband moved to Germany where she served among the destitute. When Hitler rose to power, Elsa and her husband were forced to flee from Germany and came to USA, where she and her husband offered care to European refuges.
D - 145
Brandt Marianne 1.10.1893 - 18.6.1983
je nemška oblikovalka, ki študirala slikarstvo in kiparstvo v "Hochschule für Malerei" v Weimaru. V času od 1924 do 1929, ko je diplomirala, je bila članica Bauhausa. Tu so jo poučevali Albers, Moholy, Klee, and Kandinsky. Po vojni je delal kot profesorica na "Hochschule für Bildende Künste" v Dresdenu.
Nekateri njeni oblikovalski izdelki se še danes v uporabi in se
Na znamki je njen čajnik iz Weimara iz leta 1924.
She was a German designer involved with the Bauhaus, where her designs formed an important part of the repertoire and remain in production today. She studied painting and sculpting at the "Hochschule für Malerei" in Weimar. She was at Bauhaus from 1924-1929 and took courses from Albers, Moholy, Klee, and Kandinsky. She lived in Paris from 1926-1927 and received her Bauhaus diploma in 1929. After the war, Brandt worked as an assistant professor at the "Hochschule für Bildende Künste" in Dresden.
kreatorka je študirala na modnem inštitutu v Antwerpnu. Diplomirala je leta
1995. Poznana je po svoji pozornosti do podrobnosti in uporabi tkanin. Od
leta 2003 kreira tudi za moške.
She is a
Belgian born fashion designer who studied at the Flanders Fashion Institute
in Antwerp. She is famous for her attention to detail and use of fabrics.
She graduated 1995 and extended her brand with a 2003 fall men's collection.
Veronique is based in Antwerp but shows in Paris.
B - 4068
9.4.1858 - 23.5.1934
slikarka je z Amálio Mánesovo, Pinkasom, Chittussem v Parizu. Tam je srečala
vodilne umetnike. Na njena dela je so vplivali impresionisti in simbolisti.
Njen umetniški opus obsega tudi lesoreze, jedkanice, ex librise in
dekorativna dela v steklu. Ukvarjala se je tudi z oblikovanjem knjig in črk.
Aktivna je bila pri ohranjevanju starega mesta Prage.
childhood the painter Z. Braunerová, daughter of the politician F. A.
Brauner, was interested in painting. She studied with Amálie Mánesová,
Pinkas, Chittussi and in Paris where she met with leading artists. Her works,
influenced by impressionism and symbolism, were successfully exhibited.
Braunerová belonged to the most comprehensive personalities of the Czech and
European fine arts. In addition to drawing and painting she created wood
engravings, etchings, ex libris and designed decorative glass inspired with
Slavonic folk motifs. She greatly contributed to the restoration of Czech
book design and typography. Her paintings and graphic works gently and with
a special sensitivity for light and colours display the charm of nature. A
leading activist for preservation of the old Prague, she was mainly
fascinated with the Vltava river banks.
CZ - 577
Bremer Fredrika 17.8.1801 - 31.12.1865
je švedska pisateljica in zagovornica bork za pravice žensk. Napisala (1830) je prvi švedski realistični roman Družina M. Osebne krize ob spreobrnjenju v krščansko vero je opisala v romanu Nina (1835). Potem ko se opredelila proti poroki in opustila načrte, da bo postala medicinska sestra, je napisala zelo bran roman Sosedje (1837). Napisala je tudi avtobiografski roman Dom (1839) in roman Herta, kjer napada moško prevlado v švedski družbi.
Fredrika Bremer, was a Swedish author and women's rights advocate. She published Familjen H. (The Family H.), Sweden's first realistic novel, in 1830. After she was converted to Christianity, a new personal crisis inspired Nina (1835). Deciding against marriage and abandoning plans to devote herself to nursing, she then wrote her most widely read novel, The Neighbors (1837). Her other novels are Hemmet (The Home, 1839), which is autobiographical, and Hertha (1856), an attack on male-dominated Swedish society.
S - 540/41
S - 1298/1299
Brigadere Anna 1.10.1861 - 24.6.1933
Znamenita latvijska pisateljica Ana Brigadere je pisala prozo, pesmi, dramska dela, ukvarjala se je tudi s publicistiko. Znana je po svoji trilogiji God Nature Work, kjer pripoveduje o svojih spominih na otroštvo. Pravljična igra Sprîdîtis je prva svoje vrste v latvijski dramatiki. Je njeno najbolj popularno delo, prevedeno v osem jezikov.
Famous Latvian writer Anna Brigadere has created permanent values in different genres of literature such as prose, lyrics, publicism and dramaturgy. In Europa was recognized trilogy of Anna Brigadere God Nature Work which tells in fine language about the deep ethical memories of her childhood. Anna Brigadere has founded a new genre in Latvian dramaturgy by writting a fary-tale play Sprîdîtis in 1903. This play is the most popular work of the writer which has been translated in eight languages as well as staged in Latvia, Finland and Great Britain.
LV - 475
Brigita sv. (saint)
Brigitta sv. (saint)
18.6.1874 - 21.9.1938
Ivana Brlić - Mažuranić pripada samemu vrhu hrvaškega literarnega ustvarjanja. Knjige Ivane Brlić Mažuranić so pisane za otroke, najprej za svoje lastne Najbolj znane so Pripovedke iz davnine, roman Vajenec Hlapić, Bajke in basni. Bila je prva žena akademik v Hrvaški. Njena dela so prevedena v skoraj vse evropske jezike. Bila je kandidat za Nobelovo nagrado. V čudoviti zbirki Ivane Brlić-Mažuranić Pripovedke iz davnine so številne pravljice. Knjiga je bila prvič izdana leta 1916. Vsebino in like je avtorica črpala iz slovanske in hrvaške mitologije, na najboljši možni način je predstavila izgubljeni svet pred krščanskih hrvaških verovanj.
Na znamki HR-412 je motiv iz zgodbe Gozd Striborski, ilustratorka je Cvijeta Job (1965).
Na znamkah HR-633/634 sta dva junaka iz njenih Pripovedke iz davnine: vila Kosjenka in eden izmed škratov ognjišča Malik Tintilinič
(tudi na BA-153).
Ivana Brlić - Mažuranić ranks among the top Croatian writers. Her books were written for children, primarily for her own children; the most famous are Stories from Ancient Times and the novel The wonderful Adventures of Apprentice Hlapić, and her Fairy Tailes and Fables are equally good. She was the first woman in Croatia to be elected member of the Academy of Arts and Sciences. Her books have been translated into nearly all European languages. She was a candidate for the Nobel Prize. A great number of legends can be found in the wonderful collection Stories from Ancient Times; the book was first published in 1916. She draw the contents and characters’ names from the Slavonic and Croatian mithology, and she brought to life, in the best possible way, the almost lost world of the pre-Christian Croatian beliefs.
Motif on the stamp HR-412: an illustration from the story
Stribor’s Forest by illustrator Cvijeta Job (1965).
On stamps HR-633/634 are two attractive characters from her Stories from Ancient Times: the little fairy Kosjenka and the member of the company of little fireplace brownies, Malik Tintilinić.
HR - 376 HR - 412 YU - 1614 BA - 153
HR - 633/634
BROECKE Lily van den 8.1.1992 -
je skupaj z
Naomi Riches, Jamesom Roe and Davidom Smith
v vlogi krmarke na
paraolimpijski olimpijadi v Londonu 2012 osvojila zlato medaljo v
She is a
British rower who competed at the 2012 Summer Paralympics as the
coxswain for the British four, and won the gold medal in the LTAMix4+
event coxing a crew of
Naomi Riches, James Roe and David Smith.
GB - 3336
Broeckhoven Christine van
mikrobiologinja in profesorica molekularne genetike na univerzi v
Antwerpnu. Proučuje Alzheimerjovo bolezen in druge nevrološke bolezni.
Od leta1983 ima na univerzi v Antwerpnu svoj laboratorij za proučevanje
molekularne genetike. Za svoje dosežke v znanosti je prejela nagrado
belgijske Narodne znanstvene fundacije, leta 1993 pa skupaj s še tremi
znanstveniki ameriško nagrado Potamkin za proučevanje proteina, ki
povzroča hude bolezni. Leta 2006 je kot Evropejka prejela Unescovo
nagrado za ženske v znanosti za raziskovanje Alzheimerjeve in drugih
She is a Belgian molecular
biologist and professor in Molecular genetics at the University of
Antwerp (Belgium). She is also leading the Department of
Molecular Genetics of the Flanders Institute of Biotechnology (VIB).
Christine Van Broeckhoven does research on Alzheimer dementia, bipolar
mental disorders and other neurological diseases. Since 1983 she has had
her own laboratory for molecular genetics at the University of Antwerp,
and since 2005 is focussing her research on neurodegenerative brain
diseases. For her achievements as a scientist, she received the Belgian
Quinquennial Prize of the Belgian National Science Foundation and in
1993 she and three other scientists were awarded the American Potamkin
Prize for their work on the amyloid precursor protein (APP) which can
cause severe, early Alzheimer’s disease. In 2006, she was awarded as
laureate for Europe the international L'Oréal-UNESCO Award for Women in
Science "for the genetic investigation of Alzheimer's disease and other
B - 3288
BrÖnte Charlotte 21.4.1816 - 31.3.1855
(psevdonim Currer Bell) Z željo, da bi učile tuje jezike je Charlotte
Brönte s sestrama (Emily Bronte, Ann
Brönte) študirala v Bruslju. Tam je tudi poučevala in delala kot guvernanta. Ko se je vrnila v Anglijo, je ostala sama, da skrbi za svojega očeta. Leta 1947 izdana novela Jane Eyre je dosegla takojšen uspeh. Leta 1849 je izdala novelo Shiley z močnimi avtobiografskimi elementi. V noveli Villette izdani 1853 opisuje Bruseljske izkušnje. Po njeni smrti pa sta bili izdani noveli Professor in Emma.
With sisters (Emily Bronte, Ann Brönte), Charlotte Brönte studied at Brussels, to prepare themselves to teach foreign languages. Charlotte served in the school as a teacher and was governess to several famillies. In 1847 she published Jane Eyre. The book was an immediate success, arousing intense public curiosity concerning its author. Retuned to England, left alone to care for her father and writing in the intervals between domestic duties, completed a novel with strong autobiographical elements, Shirley (1849). In 1853 Villette was published, a novel in which Charlotte returned to the Brussels experience. The Professor was published posthumously in 1857; Emma, a fragment of a novel, in 1860.
GB - 841
B - 4044
GB - 2280/85
BrÖnte Emily 30.7.1818 - 19.12.1848
(psevdonim Ellis Bell) Emely
Brönte je mlajša sestra
Charlote Brönte. Z njo je delila osamljeno življenje v Yorkshirskih resiščih. Za večino bralcev njena novela Wuthering Heights (izdana 1847) predstavlja simbol skupnih naporov
Brönte sester za njihovo izpolnitev. Roman je močna zgodba o ljubezni in maščevanju v divjini Yorkshira.
Brönte was younger sister of
Charlote Brönte, she shared her isolated life on the Yorkshire moors. For most readers of the Bröntes, her novel Wuthering Heights (published in 1847) will remain a symbol of the sisters' cumulative struggle for fulfillment. It is a powerfull tale of love and revenge set in the remote wilds of Yorkshire.
GB - 843
B - 4044
BROWN Danielle 10.4.1988 -
angleška lokostrelka je na paraolimpijskih igrah v Londonu 2012 osvojila zlato medaljo v lokostrelstvu
She is an English competitive archer. In Paralympics 2012 in London she won
gold medal in women’s
individual compound, open.
GB - 3345
fotografinja z Mana: Laxey
Manx photographer: Laxey
Man - 984
Bruerberg has achieved great recognition with her C/BRUERBERG line - designs
for confident men, for men who are not afraid to be different, as she says
herself. She uses a lot of wool and silk and has a preference for knitted
garments, often loose-fitting and roomy. Nor is it unusual for her to let
men show bare skin through transparent clothes. Camilla Bruenberg is a
graduate of the Oslo National Academy of the Arts. She has drawn a great
deal of inspiration from working with Norwegian musicians like Morten
Harket and the Røyksopp duo and cultural institutions such as Det
N - 1803
BARBANTINI Maria Domenica 17.1.1789 - 22.5.1868
italijanska nuna je leta 1829 ustanovila red
sester služabnic bolnih sv. Camillusa.
who founded the Congregation of the Sister Servants of the Sick of St.
Camillus in 1829.
I - 3379
Brunfaut Emilienne 1908 - 1986
je bila borka za pravice delavk v tekstilni industriji. Kot prva Belgijka je leta 1935 sodelovala v Ženevi na Mednarodni delavski konferenci. Aktivno in nepopustljivo se je borila proti fašizmu in nacizmu.
Brunfaut Emilliene fought for the rights of female workers in the textile factories. She was first Belgian woman to attend the International Labour Conference in Geneve in 1935. She played an active part in the struggle for peace fighting relentessly against Fascism and Nazism.
B - 2412
Brunfay Catherine de
lastnica molitvenika, ki je nastal v sredini 15. stoletja v Franciji.
of the Hour Book, a prayer book made in France in mid 15th century
and used for eight daily prayers times.
S - 1969-1971
angleška gledališka, filmska in televizijska igralka. Najbolj je verjetno
znana po vlogi Roz v televizijski seriji Last of the Summer Wine.
Kasneje je redno nastopala na londonskem West Endu. Vmes je igrala tudi v
številnih filmih, kjer je igrala stereotipne ženske vloge: The
Cockleshell Heroes (1955), Carry On Sergeant (1958) and The
Green Man (1956), Carry On Sergeant (1958, na znamki GB-2652).
Na znamki GB-2652
She is an
English actress of stage, film and television, possibly best-known for her
role as Roz in the British television series Last of the Summer Wine.
After the war she became a regular performer in the West End of London. She
became a star of theatrical revues. She soon followed many of her theatre
contemporaries by moving into film acting, generally playing supporting
roles. She appeared in similarly stereotypical female roles in other films,
for example The Cockleshell Heroes (1955), Carry On Sergeant
(1958), The Green Man (1956), Carry On Sergeant
GB - 2652
Budevska Adriana 1878 - 1955
je debutirala leta 1899 v Sofiji. Nastopala je v Narodnem gledališču v
Sofiji. Zaradi političnih razlogov je v letih 1925 - 48 živela v Argentini.
made her debut in Sofia in 1899. She performed in National Theatre in Sofia.
From 1926 - 48 she lived in Argentina for political reasons.
BG - 625
BUITLEAR Roisin de
najbolj znana Irska oblikovalka stekla. Steklo oblikuje že od leta 1983. Je
avtorica številnih instalacij iz pihanega in litega stekla, ki se nahajajo v
privatnih in javnih lokacijah v celi Irski.
Buitléar is Irelands
best known glass artist and educator who has been working in the medium of
glass as a primary material since 1983. She has completed many site-specific
installations of blown and cast work, drawing her inspiration from her
cultural heritage. These can be seen in public and private buildings
IE - 1970
Bukovec Brigita 21.5.1970 -
Brigita Bukovec - tekačica, je bila četrta na evropskem prvenstvu v teku na 100 m z ovirami, tretja na svetovnem dvoranskem prvenstvu v teku na 60 m z ovirami v Barceloni in osma v teku na 100 m z ovirami na svetovnem prvenstvu v Göteborgu, 1995. Na olimpijadi v Atlanti je v teku na 100 m z ovirami osvojila srebrno medaljo.
Na znamki SI-152 je tudi
Brigita Bukovec the fourth place in 100m hurdles on European Championship, the third place in 60m hurdles on World Indoors Championship in Barcelona and the eighth place in 100m hurdles on World Championship in Göteborg, 1995, the 17th place in 100m hurdles in Olympic games Barcelona 1992, the silver medail in 100m hurdles in Olympic Games Atlanta 96. She was in years 93,95,96 proclamated as Slovenian the best sportwoman.
On stamp SI-152 is also
SI - 152
BULOW-HUBE Vivianna Torun
4.12.1927 - 3.7.2004
Je bila švedska
oblikovalka nakita in srebrarka. Delala je za znanega draguljarja Georga
Jensen. Od 1950 je živela v Parizu, kjer je postala zelo uspešna s svojim
ročno oblikovanim nakitom. Med njenimi strankami so bili Pablo Picaso,
Brigitte Bardot, Ingrid Bergman, Bille Holiday… Vsi so bili navdušeni nad
njenim izvirnim oblikovanjem. V času svojega več kot 50 letnega ustvarjanja
je dobila številne oblikovalske nagrade.
She was a
Swedish jewelry designer and silversmith. She is the designer behind some of
the most famous Georg Jensen jewelry designs, including 'Mobius', 'The
Vivianna / Open Watch', 'Beans', Forget me knot' and 'Hiddern Heart'. She is
the second most famous Georg Jensen designer, behind Georg Jensen himself.
Her early hand-made jewellery from the 1950’s became an instant success in
Paris where she lived at the time. She earned clients such as Pablo Picasso,
Brigitte Bardot, Ingrid Bergman and Billie Holiday, who all were fascinated
by her innovative designs of sculptural forms tracing the contours of the
wearer’s body. She received numerous design awards during her long career
and exhibited all over the world for over 50 years.
S - 2451
Bure Ida de 1505 - 1549
Ida de Bure je bila žena Johna Calvina. Kot vdova ga je srečala v Strassbourgu. Bila je šibkega zdravja. Ob smrti je zapustila dva sinova iz prvega zakona.
Ida de Bure was wife of John Clavin. She was widow when met Calvin in Strassbourg. She was in poor health and died leaving two sons of her first marriage.
B - 1348
Burgund Maria von 1457 - 1482
Po smrti svojega očeta je leta 1477 postala Luxemburška vojvodinja. Še
istega leta se je poročila z nadvojvodom Mksimiljanom avstrijskim. S tem je
preprečila priključitev Luxemburga Franciji, ki je zahtevala lastnišvo na
vojvodstvo od leta 1437, ko je izumrla moška linija v Luxemburgu.
She was the daughter of Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (and of Luxembourg); she became Duchess of Luxembourg upon her father's death in Nancy on January 5, 1477. Later in 1477, she married archduke Maximilian of Austria (the Holy Roman Emperor from 1493-1519), an act which effectively prevented Luxembourg from being annexed by French kings who had claimed ownership of the Duchy since the extinction in 1437 of the male line of the imperial branch of the House of Luxembourg. As Duchess of Luxembourg, Marie of Burgundy strengthened considerably the fortress of Luxembourg and equipped the ramparts with cannons. This was sufficient to withstand the assault in 1479 of the Duke of Amboise, the head of a French army. After this failure, serious opposition to the Burgundian rule of Luxembourg ceased. Marie's benevolent acts were instrumental in securing the loyalty of Luxembourg to Burgundy. She restored the granted privileges of many towns, monasteries, and corporations; restored the confiscated seal; and restored the city hall of Luxembourg City.
L - 1390
Burjan Hildegard 30.1.1883 - 11.6.1933
Hildegard Burjan rojena Židinja je leta 1908 diplomirala na Zuriški univerzi in se skupaj z možem preselila v Berlin. Tu je z vedno večjim zanimanjem študirala versko literaturo. Jeseni 1908 je resno zbolela. ko se je opomogla je prestopila v katoliško cerkev in se posvetila dobrodelnosti. Leta 1909 sta se z možem preselila na Dunaj, kmalu sta postala avstrijska državljana. Leta 1912 je Dr. Burjanova ustanovila Caritas Socialis, zvezo krščanskih tujih delavcev.
Hildegard Burjan graduated in 1908 from the University of Zurich and moved to Berlin together with her husband. During that time, she increasingly studied religious literature. In autumn 1908, she fell seriously ill. Her recovery made her convert to Roman Catholic faith in the same year, and she devoted the rest of her life to charity. In 1909, the young couple moved to Vienna and, little later, became naturalised Austrian citizens. In 1912, Dr. Burjan founded the Association of Christian Outworkers.
A - 1729
15.10.1889 - 16.4.1958
irska sopranistka, študirala je v Dublinu in nato na Royal Academy of Music v Londonu in Rimu. Debitirala je v Rimu 1918 z vlogo Mimi v Boheme. Leta 1920 je prvič pela v Scali, Milano. Pri italijanski publiki je bila zelo popularna, posebej v Madema Butterfly. Pogosto je gostovala v Convert Gardnu v Londonu. Imela je bogat lirični sopran. Kljub številnim povabilom ni nikoli pela na Irskem in v ZDA. Na višku kariere se je leta 1936 nenadoma brez razlage upokojila in vrnila na Irsko.
Irish soprano. Educated at Dominican Convent, Eccles Street, Dublin. Prizewinner at Feis Cheoil 1908. The proceeds of a benefit concert enabled her to study at the Royal Academy of Music, London. Further study in Rome was arranged by Marconi. She made her debut there in 1918 as Mimi in La Bohème. Sang in La Scala, Milan, for the first time in 1920 and became extremely popular with Italian audiences, especially in Puccini’s Madame Butterfly. She made many guest appearances in Covent Garden, London. Audiences were captivated by her beauty, expressive characterisation, and rich lyric soprano voice. Despite repeated requests she would never sing in Ireland or the United States. In 1936 she retired suddenly, at the height of her career and without explanation, and returned to Ireland.
IE - 688
Bursać Marija 1921 - 1943
V dneh upora je zagnano delala za NOB. Članica SKOJ od 1941,KPJ od 1942. Bila je namestnica političnega komisarja Prve mladinske delovne brigade in članica okrajnega odbora AFŽ. Od 1943 je bila bolničarka v 10. Krajiški brigadi, v kateri se je izkazala kot borec - bombaš. V jurišu na nemške bunkerje je bila težko ranjena, tako da je kasneje umrla. Je prva žena narodni heroj proglašena 15.10.1943.
Member of Federation of Communist youth since 1941 and Communist Party of Yugoslavia since 1942. In 1943 joined partisan forces as nurse. As a fighter - bomber she was mortally wounded in an attack on German enemy. As a first woman she was proclaimed as National hero in October 15, 1943.
YU - 2035
Busbach Margareta von
1579 - 1651
redovnica, ustanoviteljica dekliških šol
za vse družbene sloje.
The nun of the Congregation of Notre-Dame and founder of schools for girls
for all levels of society.
L - 949
BUTLER Mildred Anne 11.1.1858 -
slikarka je večino preživela na domu svoje družine v Kilmurryu. S svojimi
vrtovi rož, pokrajino in živalimi je bil ta kraj tudi njena glavna
inspiracija. Pri Paulu Jacobu Naftelu v Londonu je študirala akvarel. Prvič
je rastavljala leta 1890, tir leta kasneje je bil njen akvarel v albumu, ki
so ga podadarili kraljici Mary. Leta 1937 je postala članica Kraljeve
slikarske družbe za akvarele.
Na znamki IE-1633 je njeno delo: Gumno.
An Irish landscape painter,
Mildred Anne Butler spent most of her life at the family home, Kilmurry in
Thomastown, Co. Kilkenny. Kilmurry was her chief source of inspiration,
flower gardens and landscapes featuring animals and birds being her forte.
She studied under Paul Jacob Naftel in London, crediting him with her first
real understanding of the art of watercolour. Exhibition with the Water
Colour Society of Ireland began in 1890 and three years later her work was
included in an album of watercolours presented to the future Queen Mary. A
tiny watercolour of crows hangs in Queen MaryÍs dollÍs house at Windsor. She
is associated with the Newlyn school, spending the summers of 1894 and 1895
studying under Norman Garstin, who, like Walter Osborne, had been a pupil of
Charles Verlat in Antwerp. Mildred Anne showed only five works at the Royal
Hibernian Academy. She exhibited at the first Belfast Art Society show and
was one of the first nine academicians elected by the Ulster Academy of Arts
in 1930. It wasn't until 1937 that she was granted full membership of the
Royal Society of Painters in Water Colours, having become
an associate as early as 1896.
IE - 1633
BYE Aase 4.6.1904 -
Norveška sopranistka je debitirala leta 1923 v ibsenovem Peer Gynt. Pela je v muzikalih in operetah (Carusel, Netopir, Vesela vdova). Svojo kariero je končala 1974.
Norwegian soprano. She debuted on the stage in Ibsen's Peer Gynt, in 1923, and ended her career in 1974. She song in musical comedy as well as operetta taking roles in Carousel and Die Fledermaus as well as The Merry Widow.
N - 1371
BYLAND Zoe 1975 -
V Švici rojena slikarka je študirala umetnost
in medijsko oblikovanje v Zurichu in slikarstvo na Akademiji za umetnost na
Dunaju. Na znamki A-2982 je
osnutek za njen plakat za Opernball 2012 na Dunaju.
Zoé Byland was born in
Switzerland. She attended the F+F school for art and media design in Zurich
and studied contextual painting at the academy of fine arts in Vienna. On
is her work for the most famous ball of all. This stamp is also a nod
to this world-famous Viennese tradition.
A - 2982