The material was prepared by : Urška, Janja, Danilo, Mitja, Miha

 

1.st- 4.th. century A D


In the 1st century AD, almost two thousand years ago, when the area of Slovenia was a part of a powerful Roman Empire, a settlement was built on the territory of Podkraj, which is about 1km from the church of St. Miklavž. The settlement was founded by the river Sava which was a very important artery and it connected Italy to the region of the Danube river. The Sava was navigable and therefore intensively used for transport of different cargoes and provided excellent conditions for the development of the settlement. There were houses on the spot where the gas station is located today, and a sanctuary was put up above the settlement. Votive altars remind us that the people living here worshipped deities named Adsalluta, Savus and Mater Magna.

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The Podkraj settlement has already been mentioned in the 19th century as an area with a rich archaeological heritage. In the middle of the 19th and at the beginning of the 20th century, six votive altars and a piece of a stone pavement, which is now on display at the museum in Gradz, had been found. The last major archaeological findings of this area had been chanced upon in the years of 1993 and 1995 , when they discovered five objects, pieces of what was once a Roman settlement.

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Along with the architectural heritage, there have been findings of Roman pottery and a large collection of coins, with the images of Roman emperors ruling between the 1st and the 4th century AD.

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The remnants of forgotten history were researched by the archaeologists of The Institute For Conservation Of Natural And Cultural Heritage Celje between the years of 1993 and 1995. The project was financially supported by Petrol, Ministry of Culture of The Republic of Slovenia and Community of Hrastnik.

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In the Roman era there was a vivacious traffic on the river Sava. The Romans worshiped the rivers and the river Sava was a temple, a home of a Roman god Savus. Where there were dangerous rapids, people would build offering --altars to thank their river gods for safe journey down the river.
In the 1st or 2nd century AD Gaj Cecina Favstin had an altar built, for he was grateful for his safe journey down the rapids of the river Sava. The altar is consecrated to a Roman goddess Adsallute, who was the nymph of the rapids. The altar is now on display at the Slovenian national museum in Ljubljana.

 

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