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M 63

Spiralna galaksija - Spiral Galaxy M63 (NGC 5055), type Sb, in canes Venaciti

Sunflower Galaxy

Rektascenzija 13 : 15.8 (u:m)
Deklinacija +42 : 02 (sto:m)
Razdalja 37000 (*1000 sv.l.)
Vizual. magnituda 8.6 (mag)
Zorni kot 10x6 (loc min)

M63 was the very first discovery of a Deep Sky object by Messier's friend, Pierre Mechain, who caught it up on June 14, 1779.

The Sunflower galaxy M63 is a spiral of type Sb or Sc, displaying a patchy spiral pattern which can be traced well to the periphery of its only 6 arc seconds small smooth-textured central region. Although 6 degrees south, it apparently forms a physical group with M51 and several smaller galaxies, the M51 group, which is about 37 million light years distant.

The visual appearance resembles the photo: The spiral arms show up as a grainy background, which brightens slowly from outward and then rapidly to the nuclear region, which is still grainy. Star forming regions can be traced all along the spiral arms on color photos.

Type I supernova 1971I occured on May 25, 1971, and reached mag 11.8.

Vec posnetkov M63

Povzeto po:
Hartmut Frommert (spider@seds.org)
Christine Kronberg (smil@lrz.uni-muenchen.de)

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